Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Clupeiformes > Clupeidae > Ethmalosa > Ethmalosa fimbriata

Ethmalosa fimbriata (Bonga shad; Bonga; Shad; Rasoir; Sardine; Malay sprat; Bonga-Hering; Quilucha)

Synonyms: Alausa dorsalis; Alausa platycephalus; Clupea dorsalis; Clupea fimbriata; Clupea senegalensis; Clupea setosa; Ethmalosa dorsalis; Harengula forsteri; Meletta senegalensis
Language: Adioukrou; Aizi; Arabic, Hassaniya; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Ewe; Fang; Fon Gbe; French; German; Italian; Krio; Malay; Mandarin Chinese; Nkomi; Pila; Polish; Portuguese; Russian; Serer; Spanish; Susu; Swedish; Unknown; Vili; Wolof

Wikipedia Abstract

Ethmalosa fimbriata, the bonga shad or just bonga, is a shad, a clupeid fish, that occurs along the coasts and in brackish water of coastal lagoons, rivers and lakes of western Africa from Dakhla in Western Sahara to Lobito in Angola. It is usually around 25 cm long but the maximum length is 45 cm. It is the only member of its genus.
View Wikipedia Record: Ethmalosa fimbriata


Migration [1]  Catadromous

Prey / Diet

Ethmalosa fimbriata (Bonga shad)[2]
Globigerina bulloides[3]
Sarotherodon melanotheron (blackchin tilapia)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Citharichthys stampflii (Smooth flounder)1
Cynoglossus senegalensis (large tonguesole)1
Eleotris senegalensis (Sleeper goby)1
Eleotris vittata (Sleeper goby)1
Elops lacerta (Atlantic ladyfish)1
Eucinostomus melanopterus (Flagfin mojarra)1
Hemichromis fasciatus (Banded jewelfish)1
Hepsetus odoe (Pike characid)1
Polydactylus quadrifilis (Threadfin)1
Pomadasys jubelini (burro)1
Pseudotolithus elongatus (Niger corb)1
Pseudotolithus senegalensis (Ladyfish)1
Schilbe intermedius (Butter catfish)1
Sphyraena afra (Guinean barracuda)1
Strongylura senegalensis (Senegal needlefish)1
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)1


Arius latiscutatus (Marine catfsish)[2]
Caranx hippos (Yellow cavalli)[2]
Ceryle rudis (Pied Kingfisher)[4]
Citharichthys stampflii (Smooth flounder)[2]
Cynoglossus senegalensis (large tonguesole)[2]
Eleotris senegalensis (Sleeper goby)[2]
Eleotris vittata (Sleeper goby)[2]
Elops lacerta (Atlantic ladyfish)[2]
Ethmalosa fimbriata (Bonga shad)[2]
Eucinostomus melanopterus (Flagfin mojarra)[2]
Hemichromis fasciatus (Banded jewelfish)[2]
Hepsetus odoe (Pike characid)[2]
Hydrocynus forskahlii (Tigerfish)[2]
Ilisha africana (West African ilisha)[2]
Lutjanus goreensis (Grouper)[2]
Pellonula leonensis (Guinean sprat)[2]
Polydactylus quadrifilis (Threadfin)[5]
Pomadasys jubelini (burro)[2]
Pseudotolithus elongatus (Niger corb)[2]
Pseudotolithus senegalensis (Ladyfish)[2]
Schilbe intermedius (Butter catfish)[2]
Scomberomorus tritor (West African Spanish mackerel)[3]
Sousa teuszii (Atlantic Humpbacked Dolphin)[6]
Sphyraena afra (Guinean barracuda)[2]
Strongylura senegalensis (Senegal needlefish)[2]
Trachinotus teraia (Shortfin pompano)[2]
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)[2]


Parasitized by 
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[7]
Parahemiurus merus[7]

Range Map

Africa-Inland Waters; Angola; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Southeast; Benguela Current; Benin; Buba; Cameroon; Canary Current; Cape Verde; Casamance River; Congo, Dem. Rep. of the; Congo, Republic of; Côte d'Ivoire; Eastern Central Atlantic: Dakhla, Western Sahara to at least Lobito, Angola, corresponding to the extreme northerly and southerly limits of the 25°C isotherms throughout the year; dwarf population exist in Lake Nokoué, Benin. Cape Verde records based on; Eastern Central Atlantic: Dakhla, Western Sahara to at least Lobito, Angola, corresponding to the extreme northerly and southerly limits of the 25°C isotherms throughout the year; dwarf population exist in Lake Nokoué, Benin. Cape Verde records based on erroneous type locality for <i>Ethmalosa fimbriata</i> by Bowdich - followed by later authors.; Equatorial Guinea; Ethiopian; Fatala; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mauritania; Nigeria; Saloum; Sanaga; Sao Tomé and Principe; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo; Western Sahara; Ébrié Lagoon;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Comparative analysis of trophic structure and interactions of two tropical lagoons, M.C. Villanueva, P. Lalèyè, J.-J. Albaret, R. Laë, L. Tito de Morais and J. Moreau, Ecological Modelling, Vol. 197, Issues 3-4 , 25 August 2006, P. 461-477
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Food niche segregation between the Malachite Kingfisher, Alcedo cristata, and the Pied Kingfisher, Ceryle rudis, at Lake Nokoué, Bénin, Roland Libois and Arnaud Laudelout, Ostrich 2004, 75(1&2): 32–38
5Lawson, E.O. and A.U. Olagundoye, 2011. Growth patterns, diet composition and sex ratios in giant african threadfin, Polydactylus quadrifilis from ologe lagoon, Lagos, Nigeria. Int. J. Agric. Biol., 13: 559–564
6Distribution, Status, and Biology of the Atlantic Humpback Dolphin, Sousa teuszii (Ku&#776;kenthal, 1892), Koen Van Waerebeek, Linda Barnett, Almamy Camara, Anna Cham, Mamadou Diallo, Abdoulaye Djiba, Alpha O. Jallow, Edouard Ndiaye, Abdellahi O. Samba Ould Bilal, and Idrissa L. Bamy, Aquatic Mammals 2004, 30(1), 56-83
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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