Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Clupeiformes > Clupeidae > Harengula > Harengula clupeola
 

Harengula clupeola (Sardine; Red-ear pilchard; Pilchard sprat; False pilchard; False herring; Blackbill sprat)

Synonyms: Clupea clupeola; Clupea macrophthalma; Harengula latulus
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Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      

Prey / Diet

Abylopsis tetragona[1]
Acartia lilljeborgii[1]
Acartia spinata[1]
Acartia tonsa[1]
Alpheus armillatus (banded snapping shrimp)[1]
Alpheus cristulifrons (dotted snapping shrimp)[1]
Alpheus normanni (green snapping shrimp)[1]
Alpheus peasei (orangetail snapping shrimp)[1]
Brachyscelus crusculum[1]
Candacia pachydactyla[2]
Centropages furcatus[1]
Corycaeus amazonicus[1]
Corycaeus subulatus[1]
Diphyes bojani[1]
Domecia acanthophora (elkhorn coral crab)[1]
Euchaeta marina[1]
Eudoxoides spiralis[1]
Eurydice littoralis[1]
Euterpina acutifrons[1]
Farranula gracilis[1]
Flaccisagitta enflata[1]
Fritillaria haplostoma[1]
Garthiope barbadensis (prickly mud crab)[1]
Glossocephalus milneedwardsi[1]
Hermodice carunculata (Fireworm)[1]
Hexapanopeus caribbaeus (Caribbean mud crab)[1]
Krohnitta subtilis[1]
Labidocera acutifrons[1]
Lensia subtiloides[1]
Lestrigonus bengalensis[1]
Micropanope nuttingi (beaded mud crab)[1]
Microphrys antillensis (lobed decorator crab)[1]
Microphrys bicornutus (speck-claw decorator crab)[1]
Microsetella rosea[1]
Mithraculus cinctimanus (banded clinging crab)[1]
Mithraculus ruber[1]
Mithraculus sculptus (green clinging crab)[1]
Mithrax aculeatus[1]
Mithrax hemphilli[1]
Mithrax holderi[1]
Mithrax spinosissimus (channel clinging crab)[1]
Mithrax verrucosus (paved clinging crab)[1]
Oikopleura dioica[1]
Oikopleura longicauda[1]
Oithona colcarva[1]
Oithona nana[1]
Oithona oculata[1]
Oithona plumifera[1]
Oithona simplex[1]
Oncaea mediterranea[1]
Oncaea venusta[1]
Pachycheles riisei (Riise porcelain crab)[1]
Pachygrapsus transversus (mottled shore crab)[1]
Paguristes cadenati (red reef hermit)[1]
Paguristes grayi (Gray's hermit crab)[1]
Paguristes tortugae (bandeye hermit)[1]
Paracalanus aculeatus[1]
Paracalanus crassirostris[1]
Paracalanus parvus[1]
Paraliomera dispar (black coral crab)[1]
Paraliomera longimana (longarm coral crab)[1]
Parapinnixa bouvieri[1]
Parapinnixa hendersoni[1]
Penilia avirostris[1]
Periclimenes pedersoni (Pederson cleaner shrimp)[1]
Petrolisthes galathinus (banded porcelain crab)[1]
Petrolisthes jugosus (redwhite porcelain crab)[1]
Phragmatopoma caudata[1]
Pilumnus diomedeae[1]
Pilumnus gemmatus (tuberculate hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus holosericus (roseate hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus lacteus (velvet hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus longleyi (studded hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus marshi (quadrate hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus pannosus (beaded hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus reticulatus[1]
Pilumnus sayi (spineback hairy crab)[1]
Serratosagitta serratodentata[1]
Stenorhynchus seticornis (yellowline arrow crab)[1]
Synalpheus brevicarpus (Short-clawed sponge shrimp)[1]
Synalpheus longicarpus (Longclawed sponge shrimp)[1]
Undinula vulgaris[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Amblycirrhitus pinos (Redspotted Hawkflsh)2
Chromis cyanea (Blue chromis)1
Chromis multilineata (Yellow-edge chromis)1
Clepticus parrae (Sorrel chub)1
Decapterus punctatus (Summer stonebrass)1
Haemulon aurolineatum (Seize)1
Jenkinsia lamprotaenia (Sweethead fry)2
Opisthonema oglinum (Atlantic thread herring)1
Opistognathus aurifrons (Yellowhead jawfish)2
Paranthias furcifer (Sea bass)1
Rhomboplites aurorubens (Vermillion snapper)1
Selar crumenophthalmus (Steenbrass)2
Sternoptyx pseudobscura (Hatchetfish)2
Thalassoma bifasciatum (Tikitiki)1
Xyrichtys splendens (Green Razorfish)2

Predators

Caranx latus (Yellowjack)[1]
Caranx ruber (Bar jack)[2]
Carcharhinus limbatus (Spot-fin ground shark)[1]
Carcharhinus perezii (Caribbean reef shark)[1]
Epinephelus striatus (White grouper)[2]
Lutjanus jocu (Snuggletooth snapper)[1]
Noctilio leporinus (greater bulldog bat)[3]
Rhizoprionodon lalandii (Sharpnose shark)[4]
Rhizoprionodon porosus (Snook shark)[1]
Scomberomorus cavalla (Spanish mackerel)[1]
Scomberomorus regalis (painted mackerel)[1]
Sphyraena barracuda (Striped seapike)[2]
Synodus foetens (Soapfish)[5]
Synodus intermedius (Sand diver)[1]
Thunnus atlanticus (Deep-bodied tunny)[6]
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[7]
Cribromazocraes travassosi[7]
Dinosoma clupeola <Unverified Name>[7]
Mazocraeoides opisthonema[7]
Parahemiurus merus[7]
Pseudobacciger harengulae[7]
Pseudobacciger manteri[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Rotterdam Zoo

Distribution

Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Argentina; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Brazil; Caribbean Sea; Cayman Islands; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; French Guiana; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guatemala; Gulf of Mexico; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Jamaica; Martinique; Mexico; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Nicaragua; North Brazil Shelf; Panama; Patagonian Shelf; Puerto Rico; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; South Brazil Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Is.; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Venezuela; Virgin Islands (UK); Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico and southeastern Florida to northern Brazil, including the Bahamas, the entire Caribbean and the West Indies.;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
2Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967)
3Diet of the fishing bat Noctilio leporinus (Linnaeus) (Mammalia, Chiroptera) in a mangrove area of southern Brazil, Marcelo O. Bordignon, Rev. Bras. Zool. [online]. 2006, vol.23, n.1, pp. 256-260
4Feeding of the Brazilian sharpnose shark Rhizoprionodon lalandii (Müller & Henle, 1839) from southern Brazil, By H. Bornatowski, M. R. Heithaus, V. Abilhoa and M. F. M. Corrêa, J. Appl. Ichthyol. (2012), 1–5
5TROPHIC RELATIONSHIPS OF DEMERSAL FISHES IN THE SHRIMPING ZONE OFF ALVARADO LAGOON, VERACRUZ, MEXICO, Edgar Peláez-Rodríguez, Jonathan Franco-López, Wilfredo A. Matamoros, Rafael Chavez-López, and Nancy J. Brown-Peterson, Gulf and Caribbean Research Vol 17, 157–167, 2005
6Size related variability in the summer diet of the blackfin tuna (Thunnus atlanticus Lesson, 1831) from Tobago, the Lesser Antilles, M. Headley, H. A. Oxenford, M. S. Peterson and P. Fanning, J. Appl. Ichthyol. 25 (2009), 669–675
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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