Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Clupeiformes > Clupeidae > Harengula > Harengula humeralis
 

Harengula humeralis (Yellowbill sprat; Yellow bill; Whitebill; Sprat; Sardine; Sardientje; Red-ear sardine; Redear sardine; Red-ear pilchard; Redear herring; Reader sardine; Pincers; Pilchard; Loose-scaled sardine)

Synonyms: Alosa apicalis; Clupea humeralis; Harengula callolepis; Harengula maculosa; Harengula sardina
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Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      

Prey / Diet

Abylopsis tetragona[1]
Acartia lilljeborgii[1]
Acartia spinata[1]
Acartia tonsa[1]
Brachyscelus crusculum[1]
Centropages furcatus[1]
Corycaeus amazonicus[1]
Corycaeus subulatus[1]
Diphyes bojani[1]
Euchaeta marina[1]
Eudoxoides spiralis[1]
Eurydice littoralis[1]
Euterpina acutifrons[1]
Farranula gracilis[1]
Flaccisagitta enflata[1]
Fritillaria haplostoma[1]
Glossocephalus milneedwardsi[1]
Hermodice carunculata (Fireworm)[1]
Krohnitta subtilis[1]
Labidocera acutifrons[1]
Lensia subtiloides[1]
Lestrigonus bengalensis[1]
Microsetella rosea[1]
Oikopleura dioica[1]
Oikopleura longicauda[1]
Oithona colcarva[1]
Oithona nana[1]
Oithona oculata[1]
Oithona plumifera[1]
Oithona simplex[1]
Oncaea mediterranea[1]
Oncaea venusta[1]
Paracalanus aculeatus[1]
Paracalanus crassirostris[1]
Paracalanus parvus[1]
Penilia avirostris[1]
Phragmatopoma caudata[1]
Serratosagitta serratodentata[1]
Syringodium filiforme (manatee grass)[1]
Thalassia testudinum (turtlegrass)[1]
Undinula vulgaris[1]

Predators

Caranx latus (Yellowjack)[1]
Carcharhinus limbatus (Spot-fin ground shark)[1]
Carcharhinus perezii (Caribbean reef shark)[1]
Doryteuthis pleii (arrow squid)[1]
Epinephelus striatus (White grouper)[1]
Lutjanus cyanopterus (Guasinuco)[1]
Lutjanus griseus (Snapper)[1]
Rhizoprionodon porosus (Snook shark)[1]
Scomberomorus cavalla (Spanish mackerel)[2]
Scomberomorus regalis (painted mackerel)[1]
Sepioteuthis sepioidea (Caribbean reef squid)[1]
Sphyraena barracuda (Striped seapike)[1]
Synodus intermedius (Sand diver)[1]
Tylosurus crocodilus (houndfish)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Lecithochirium musculus[3]
Parahemiurus merus[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo

Distribution

Western Atlantic: Bermuda, Florida (USA), Bahamas, Caribbean, Guianas (but no records to the south of this; no Brazilian specimens in the extensive collections of the Museu de Zoologia, Sao Paulo, Brazil).;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
2Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967)
3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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