Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Syngnathiformes > Syngnathidae > Hippocampus > Hippocampus hippocampus
 

Hippocampus hippocampus (Short-snouted seahorse; Short snouted seahorse; Sea-horse; Sea horse; seahorse)

Synonyms: Gasterosteus equus; Hippocampus antiquorum; Hippocampus antiquus; Hippocampus brevirostris; Hippocampus europaeus; Hippocampus heptagonus; Hippocampus pentagonus; Hippocampus vulgaris; Syngnathus hippocampus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The short-snouted seahorse (Hippocampus hippocampus) is a species of seahorse in the family Syngnathidae. It is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea and parts of the North Atlantic, particularly around Italy and the Canary Islands. Colonies of the species have recently been discovered in the River Thames around London and Southend-on-Sea.Their preferred habitat is shallow muddy waters, estuaries or seagrass beds.
View Wikipedia Record: Hippocampus hippocampus

Attributes

Gestation [1]  25 days
Litter Size [1]  865

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Arcipelago delle Egadi - area marina e terrestre 119270 Italy    
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom

Prey / Diet

Penilia avirostris[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Atherina boyeri (Big-scale sand smelt)1

Predators

Huso huso (Beluga)[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Acquario di Genova
Rotterdam Zoo
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr
Zoological Society of London

Distribution

Aegean Sea; Albania; Algeria; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Benin; Black Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Cameroon; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Croatia; Cyprus; Côte d'Ivoire; Eastern Atlantic: Wadden Sea southward to the Gulf of Guinea, Canary Islands and along the African coast to Guinea. Also in the Mediterranean. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (<b>CITES</b> II, since 5.15.04) and a minimum siz; Eastern Atlantic: Wadden Sea southward to the Gulf of Guinea, Canary Islands and along the African coast to Guinea. Also in the Mediterranean. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (<b>CITES</b> II, since 5.15.04) and a minimum size of 10 cm applies.; Egypt; Equatorial Guinea; France; Gambia; Georgia; Ghana; Gibraltar; Greece; Guinea; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Iberian Coastal; Israel; Italy; Lebanon; Liberia; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Madeira Islands; Malta; Mauritania; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Monaco; Morocco; Netherlands; Nigeria; Portugal; Russian Federation; Sea of Marmara; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Sierra Leone; Slovenia; Spain; Syrian Arab Republic; Tagus; Togo; Tunisia; Turkey; Ukraine; United Kingdom; Western Sahara;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Life history and ecology of seahorses: implications for conservation and management, S. J. FOSTER AND A. C. J. VINCENT, Journal of Fish Biology (2004) 65, 1–61 2Sule Gurkan, Ertan Taskavak, Tuncay Murat Sever and Sencer Akalin, Gut Contents of Two European Seahorses Hippocampus hippocampus and Hippocampus guttulatus in the Aegean Sea, Coasts of Turkey Pakistan J. Zool., vol. 43 (6), pp. 1197-1201, 2011 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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