Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Pleuronectidae > Hippoglossus > Hippoglossus hippoglossus
 

Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Halibut; Flitch; Fletch; Atlantic halibut)

Synonyms: Hippoglossus americanus; Hippoglossus gigas; Hippoglossus linnei; Hippoglossus maximus; Pleuronectes hippoglossus
Language: Danish; Dutch; Faroese; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Greenlandic; Icelandic; Italian; Japanese; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Spanish; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus) is a flatfish of the family Pleuronectidae. They are demersal fish living on or near sand, gravel or clay bottoms at depths of between 50 and 2,000 m (160 and 6,560 ft). The halibut is among the largest teleost (bony) fish in the world, and is an endangered species due to a slow rate of growth and previous overfishing. Halibut are strong swimmers and are able to migrate long distances.
View Wikipedia Record: Hippoglossus hippoglossus

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Hippoglossus hippoglossus

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  388.02 lbs (176.00 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  9 years 10 months
Male Maturity [1]  8 years 6 months
Maximum Longevity [2]  90 years
Migration [3]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada

Prey / Diet

Agonus cataphractus (Pogge)[4]
Ammodytes marinus (sand eel)[4]
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)[4]
Astarte arctica (Arctic astarte)[4]
Brosme brosme (Tusk)[4]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[4]
Cottus gobio (Bullhead)[4]
Dichelopandalus leptocerus (bristled longbeak)[4]
Eledone cirrhosa (Curled octopus)[4]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[4]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[4]
Hyperoplus lanceolatus (greater sand eel)[4]
Illex illecebrosus (northern shortfin squid)[4]
Liparis liparis (striped seasnail)[4]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[4]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[4]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[4]
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)[4]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[4]
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)[4]
Myxine glutinosa (Atlantic hagfish)[4]
Nephrops norvegicus (Norway lobster)[4]
Ophiopholis aculeata (daisy brittle star)[4]
Pagurus acadianus (Acadian hermit crab)[4]
Pagurus bernhardus (Bernhard's hermit crab)[4]
Pandalus borealis (northern shrimp)[4]
Sebastes norvegicus (Golden redfish)[4]
Terebellides pacifica[4]
Triglops murrayi (Moustache sculpin)[4]
Trisopterus esmarkii (Norway pout)[4]
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)[4]
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)[4]
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)[4]
Venustaconcha ellipsiformis (ellipse)[4]
Yoldiella solidula[4]
Zoarces americanus (Ocean pout)[4]

Predators

Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[4]
Erignathus barbatus (Bearded Seal)[4]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[4]
Galeorhinus galeus (Vitamin shark)[5]
Hemitripterus americanus (Wip)[4]
Homo sapiens (man)[4]
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)[4]
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)[4]
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)[4]
Lycodes vahlii (Vahl's eelpout)[4]
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)[4]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[4]
Somniosus microcephalus (gray shark)[4]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[6]
Anomalotrema koiae[6]
Aporocotyle simplex[6]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[6]
Brachyphallus crenatus[6]
Clestobothrium crassiceps[4]
Contracaecum aduncum[6]
Contracaecum osculatum[6]
Corynosoma magdaleni[6]
Cryptocotyle lingua[6]
Cucullanus cirratus <Unverified Name>[6]
Cucullanus heterochrous <Unverified Name>[6]
Derogenes varicus[6]
Echinorhynchus gadi[6]
Echinorhynchus laurentianus[6]
Entobdella hippoglossi[6]
Entobdella squamula[4]
Genolinea laticauda[6]
Gonocerca phycidis[6]
Grillotia erinaceus[6]
Gyrodactylus hippoglossi <Unverified Name>[6]
Hemiurus levinseni[6]
Hepatoxylon trichiuri[6]
Lecithaster gibbosus[6]
Lecithophyllum botryophorum[6]
Lepidapedon rachion[6]
Macvicaria soleae[6]
Nybelinia surmenicola[6]
Otodistomum veliporum[6]
Paraccacladium jamiesoni[6]
Phyllobothrium thridax[6]
Podocotyle atomon[6]
Podocotyle reflexa[6]
Prosorhynchus squamatus[6]
Pseudoterranova azarasi <Unverified Name>[6]
Pseudoterranova bulbosa <Unverified Name>[6]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[6]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[6]
Scolex polymorphus <Unverified Name>[6]
Steganoderma formosum[6]
Stenakron vetustum[6]
Stephanostomum baccatum[6]
Steringophorus furciger[6]
Steringotrema pagelli[6]
Taenia punctata <Unverified Name>[6]
Udonella caligorum[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium du Quebec
Biodome de Montreal

Distribution

Alaska (USA); Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Baltic Sea; Canada; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Denmark; East Greenland Shelf/Sea; Eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Spitsbergen, Barents Sea, Iceland and eastern Greenland. Western Atlantic: southwestern Greenland and Labrador in Canada to Virginia in USA (Ref. 7251).; Faeroe Islands; Faroe Plateau; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greenland; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Isle of Man; Netherlands; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; North Sea; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Russian Federation; Scotian Shelf; Sweden; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom; West Greenland Shelf;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access