Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Ammodytidae > Hyperoplus > Hyperoplus lanceolatus

Hyperoplus lanceolatus (greater sand eel; Launce; Greater sand-eel; Greater sandeel; Great sandeel; Great sand eel; Gibbin-mooar)

Synonyms: Ammodytes lanceolatus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The great sand eel (Hyperoplus lanceolatus) is the greater species of sand eel. The maximum sixe is 35 cm.
View Wikipedia Record: Hyperoplus lanceolatus


Migration [1]  Oceano-estuarine


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Clogwyni Pen Llyn/ Seacliffs of Lleyn 2591 Wales, United Kingdom
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Margate and Long Sands 160406 England, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Ruegen   Germany      
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  

Prey / Diet

Clupea harengus (Yawling)[2]
Hyperoplus lanceolatus (greater sand eel)[2]
Macropipus tuberculatus (portunid crab)[2]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[2]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[2]


Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[2]
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)[2]
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)[2]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[2]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[2]
Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Halibut)[2]
Hyperoplus lanceolatus (greater sand eel)[2]
Loligo forbesii (Veined Squid)[2]
Loligo vulgaris (European Squid)[2]
Lophius piscatorius (Monkfish)[2]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[2]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[2]
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)[2]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[2]
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)[2]
Raja undulata (Painted ray)[3]
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)[2]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[2]
Scophthalmus rhombus (Flounder)[2]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[2]
Trisopterus luscus (Whiting-pout)[2]
Uria aalge (Common Murre)[4]


Parasitized by 
Bothriocephalus scorpii[5]
Brachyphallus crenatus[5]
Cosmocephalus obvelatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Cryptocotyle lingua[5]
Hemiurus communis[5]
Nybelinia lingualis[5]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Oresundsakvariet (Oresund Aquarium)


Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Cantabrian Sea; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Denmark; Estonia; Faroe Plateau; Finland; France; Galician Shelf; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Iberian Coastal; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Isle of Man; Latvia; Lithuania; Netherlands; North Sea; Northeast Atlantic: Murman and Spitzbergen to Portugal, including Iceland and much of the Baltic.; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Poland; Portugal; Russian Federation; Spain; Sweden; Turkey; United Kingdom;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Ontogenetic dietary shift and feeding strategy of Raja undulata Lacepe&#768;de, 1802 (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae) on the Portuguese continental shelf, Teresa Moura, Ivone FigueIredo, Inês Farias, Bárbara Serra-Pereira, Ana Neves, Maria de Fátima Borges and Leonel Serrano Gordo, Scientia Marina 72(2) June 2008, 311-318
4Seasonal and geographical variations in the diet of Common Guillemots Uria aalge off western Scotland, D J Halley, N. Harrison, A. Webb and D.R. Thompson, SEABIRD 17: 12-20
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access