Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Labridae > Lachnolaimus > Lachnolaimus maximus
 

Lachnolaimus maximus (Hogftsh; Hogfish)

Synonyms: Labrus maximus
Language: Danish; French; Mandarin Chinese; Polish; Portuguese; Russian; Spanish; Wayuu

Wikipedia Abstract

The hogfish (Lachnolaimus maximus), is a species of wrasse native to the western Atlantic Ocean, with a range from Nova Scotia, Canada to northern South America, including the Gulf of Mexico. This species occurs around reefs, especially preferring areas with plentiful gorgonians. This species is currently the only known member of its genus.
View Wikipedia Record: Lachnolaimus maximus

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve VI 358906 Mexico    
Cayos Cochinos Archipelago National Park Natural Marine Monument   Honduras  
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Isla Mujeres, Punta Cancun y Punta Nizuc National Park II 21428 Quintana Roo, Mexico    
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Saba Marine Park National Marine Park II 5573 Netherlands Antilles  
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      

Prey / Diet

Acantholobulus bermudensis (strongtooth mud crab)[1]
Aegires ortizi[1]
Americardia guppyi (guppy strawberry cockle)[1]
Americardia media (atlantic strawberry cockle)[1]
Anadara notabilis (eared ark)[1]
Anodontia alba (buttercup lucine)[1]
Antillipecten antillarum (Antillean scallop)[1]
Aplysia parvula (pygmy seahare)[1]
Arca zebra (turkey wing)[1]
Arcopsis adamsi (adams ark)[1]
Asaphis deflorata (gaudy sanguin)[1]
Atagema browni[1]
Barbatia candida (white-beard ark)[1]
Barbatia domingensis (white miniature ark)[1]
Calappa ocellata (ocellate box crab)[1]
Calliostoma javanicum (chocolate-line topsnail)[1]
Caribachlamys ornata (ornate scallop)[1]
Caribachlamys pellucens (knobby scallop)[1]
Carpilius corallinus (batwing coral crab)[1]
Cassis tuberosa (Caribbean helmet)[1]
Ceratophyllidia papilligera[1]
Chama macerophylla (leafy jewelbox)[1]
Chama sarda (cherry jewelbox)[1]
Charonia variegata (Triton's trumpet)[1]
Chione cancellata (cross-barred venus)[1]
Clathrolucina costata (costate lucine)[1]
Codakia orbicularis (tiger lucine)[1]
Coralliophila aberrans (globose coralsnail)[1]
Coralliophila caribaea (Caribbean coralsnail)[1]
Coryrhynchus sidneyi (shortfinger neck crab)[1]
Ctena orbiculata (dwarf tiger lucine)[1]
Cyclozodion angustum (nodose box crab)[1]
Cymatium femorale (angular triton)[1]
Cyphoma gibbosum (flamingo tongue)[1]
Cypraecassis testiculus (reticulate cowrie-helmet)[1]
Dallocardia muricata (yellow pricklycockle)[1]
Dendrodoris krebsii (Kreb's doris)[1]
Dermomurex pauperculus (beggar aspella)[1]
Diodora dysoni (Dyson's keyhole limpet)[1]
Diplodonta caelata (pimpled diplodon)[1]
Diplodonta nucleiformis (nut-shaped diplodon)[1]
Domecia acanthophora (elkhorn coral crab)[1]
Echinometra lucunter (rock boring urchin)[1]
Echinometra viridis (Green boring reef urchin)[1]
Eoacmaea pustulata (spotted limpet)[1]
Epialtus kingsleyi[1]
Epialtus longirostris[1]
Ericerodes gracilipes (unicorn neck crab)[1]
Eucidaris tribuloides (slate pencil urchin)[1]
Eulithidium thalassicola (turtlegrass pheasant)[1]
Felimida clenchi (harlequin blue doris)[1]
Fulvia laevigata[1]
Garthiope barbadensis (prickly mud crab)[1]
Geitodoris pusae[1]
Gnathophylloides mineri (squat urchin shrimp)[1]
Gouldia cerina (waxy gouldclam)[1]
Hexabranchus morsomus[1]
Hexapanopeus caribbaeus (Caribbean mud crab)[1]
Isognomon bicolor (bicolored purse-oyster)[1]
Isognomon radiatus (lister purse-oyster)[1]
Laevichlamys multisquamata (many-ribbed scallop)[1]
Leiosolenus bisulcatus (mahogany datemussel)[1]
Lima lima (spiny fileclam)[1]
Limaria pellucida (Antillean fileclam)[1]
Lirophora paphia[1]
Lithophaga teres (black datemussel)[1]
Lithopoma caelatum (carved starsnail)[1]
Lithopoma tectum (West Indian starsnail)[1]
Lithopoma tuber (green starsnail)[1]
Lobatus costatus (milk conch)[1]
Lobatus gallus (roostertail conch)[1]
Lobatus gigas (pink or queen conch)[2]
Lucina pensylvanica (Pennsylvania lucine)[1]
Luria cinerea (atlantic gray cowrie)[1]
Lytechinus variegatus (green sea urchin)[1]
Lytechinus williamsi (Williams' variable sea urchin)[1]
Macrocypraea zebra (measled cowrie)[1]
Micropanope nuttingi (beaded mud crab)[1]
Microphrys antillensis (lobed decorator crab)[1]
Microphrys bicornutus (speck-claw decorator crab)[1]
Microphrys interruptus[1]
Mithraculus cinctimanus (banded clinging crab)[1]
Mithraculus ruber[1]
Mithraculus sculptus (green clinging crab)[1]
Mithrax aculeatus[1]
Mithrax hemphilli[1]
Mithrax holderi[1]
Mithrax spinosissimus (channel clinging crab)[1]
Mithrax verrucosus (paved clinging crab)[1]
Modiolus americanus (American horsemussel)[1]
Modulus modulus (buttonsnail)[1]
Monoplex macrodon (hairy triton)[1]
Monoplex nicobaricus (goldmouth triton)[1]
Mysia pellucida[1]
Naria spurca (Dirty Cowry)[1]
Pachycheles riisei (Riise porcelain crab)[1]
Pachygrapsus transversus (mottled shore crab)[1]
Paguristes cadenati (red reef hermit)[1]
Paguristes grayi (Gray's hermit crab)[1]
Paguristes tortugae (bandeye hermit)[1]
Pagurus bonairensis[1]
Pagurus brevidactylus (Hermit crab)[1]
Panopeus occidentalis (furrowed mud crab)[1]
Panulirus argus (Caribbean spiny lobster)[1]
Papyridea soleniformis (spiny papercockle)[1]
Paraliomera dispar (black coral crab)[1]
Paraliomera longimana (longarm coral crab)[1]
Parapinnixa bouvieri[1]
Parapinnixa hendersoni[1]
Pauleo jubatus[1]
Periclimenes pedersoni (Pederson cleaner shrimp)[1]
Periglypta listeri (princess venus)[1]
Petrolisthes galathinus (banded porcelain crab)[1]
Petrolisthes jugosus (redwhite porcelain crab)[1]
Pilumnus diomedeae[1]
Pilumnus gemmatus (tuberculate hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus holosericus (roseate hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus lacteus (velvet hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus longleyi (studded hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus marshi (quadrate hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus pannosus (beaded hairy crab)[1]
Pilumnus reticulatus[1]
Pilumnus sayi (spineback hairy crab)[1]
Pinna carnea (amber penshell)[1]
Pisania pusio (miniature trumpet triton)[1]
Pitar fulminatus (lightning pitar)[1]
Pitho aculeata (massive urn crab)[1]
Pitho lherminieri (broadback urn crab)[1]
Pitho quadridentata[1]
Pitho sexdentata[1]
Platydoris angustipes (Common leather doris)[1]
Podochela riisei[1]
Sinum perspectivum (white baby ear)[1]
Smaragdia viridis (emerald nerite)[1]
Stenocionops furcatus (furcate spider crab)[1]
Stenorhynchus seticornis (yellowline arrow crab)[1]
Stylocheilus longicauda (blue-ring seahare)[1]
Tegula lividomaculata (West Indian tegula)[1]
Tellina radiata (sunrise tellin)[1]
Tellinella listeri (speckled tellin)[1]
Tozeuma carolinense (arrow shrimp)[1]
Trachycardium isocardia (even pricklycockle)[1]
Tripneustes ventricosus (sea egg)[1]
Tritonia bayeri[1]
Tritoniopsis frydis[1]
Tucetona pectinata (comb bittersweet)[1]
Turbo castanea (chestnut turban)[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aetobatus narinari (White-spotted eagle ray)1
Balistes vetula (Turbot)1
Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)1
Cephalopholis cruentata (Grouper)1
Diodon hystrix (Ajargo)1
Epinephelus striatus (White grouper)1
Galeocerdo cuvier (Tiger-shark)1
Haemulon plumierii (White snapper)1
Haemulon sciurus (Yellow grunt)1
Lutjanus analis (Virgin snapper)1
Lutjanus griseus (Snapper)1
Lutjanus jocu (Snuggletooth snapper)1
Ocyurus chrysurus (Yellowtail snapper)1
Trachinotus falcatus (Yellow-wax pompano)1

Predators

Carcharhinus longimanus (Whitetip whaler)[1]
Carcharhinus perezii (Caribbean reef shark)[1]
Lutjanus campechanus (Red snapper)[1]
Scomberomorus regalis (painted mackerel)[1]
Synodus intermedius (Sand diver)[1]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Lepocreadium bimarinum[3]
Myzoxenus lachnolaimi[3]
Neobenedenia melleni[3]
Otobothrium dipsacus[1]
Preptetos trulla[3]
Proctoeces lintoni[1]
Schikhobalotrema acutum[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
Florida Aquarium
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Minnesota Zoological Garden
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
Rotterdam Zoo

Distribution

Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Bermuda; Canada; Caribbean Sea; Cayman Islands; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Discovery Bay; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; French Guiana; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guatemala; Gulf of Mexico; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Jamaica; Martinique; Mexico; Montserrat; Nicaragua; North Brazil Shelf; Panama; Puerto Rico; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; Scotian Shelf; South Brazil Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Is.; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Venezuela; Virgin Islands (UK); Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia (Canada), Bermuda, and northern Gulf of Mexico to northern South America.;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
2Queen Conch Predators: Not a Roadblock to Mariculture, Darryl E. Jory and Edwin S. Iversen, Proc. Gulf Caribb. Fish. Inst. 35:108-111. (1983)
3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access