Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Serranidae > Mycteroperca > Mycteroperca microlepis
 

Mycteroperca microlepis (Velvet rockfish; Grouper; Gag-velvet rockfish; Gag grouper; Gag; Charcoal belly)

Synonyms: Trisotropis microlepis
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Wikipedia Abstract

Mycteroperca microlepis (the gag, gag grouper, velvet rockfish or charcoal belly) is a species of grouper from warmer parts of the West Atlantic, including the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico. It is a drab, mottled-gray fish lacking the distinguishing features of most other groupers. Its pattern of markings resemble the box-shaped spots of the black grouper. It lacks the streamer-points on the tail fin that scamp (Mycteroperca phenax) and yellowmouth grouper (M.
View Wikipedia Record: Mycteroperca microlepis

Attributes

Migration [1]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States

Prey / Diet

Achelous spinimanus (blotched swimming crab)[2]
Alpheus heterochaelis (bigclaw snapping shrimp)[3]
Americamysis almyra[3]
Americamysis bahia[3]
Americamysis bigelowi[3]
Anchoa mitchilli (Bay anchovy)[2]
Arenaeus cribrarius (speckled swimming crab)[2]
Ariopsis felis (Sea catfish)[2]
Astrapogon alutus (Pensacola cardinalfish)[2]
Bathygobius soporator (Molly miller)[3]
Brevoortia patronus (Bunker)[2]
Calamus arctifrons (Grass porgy)[2]
Callinectes similis (lesser blue crab)[2]
Centropristis ocyurus (Sea bass)[2]
Chasmodes bosquianus (Striped blenny)[3]
Chilomycterus schoepfii (burrfish)[2]
Decapterus punctatus (Summer stonebrass)[2]
Dinocardium robustum (Atlantic giant cockle)[2]
Diplectrum bivittatum (Dwarf sand perch)[2]
Diplectrum formosum (Squirrelfish)[2]
Doryteuthis pealeii (longfin inshore squid)[2]
Dulichiella appendiculata[3]
Echiophis intertinctus (Spotted spoon-nose eel)[2]
Entomacrodus marmoratus (Seaweed blenny)[2]
Epinephelus morio (Red grouper)[2]
Farfantepenaeus aztecus (brown shrimp)[2]
Fundulus heteroclitus (mummichog)[3]
Fundulus majalis (Striped killifish)[3]
Gammarus mucronatus[3]
Gammarus palustris[3]
Gonodactylus bredini[2]
Haemulon aurolineatum (Seize)[2]
Haemulon plumierii (White snapper)[2]
Halichoeres bivittatus (Slippery dick)[2]
Hippolyte zostericola (zostera shrimp)[2]
Hoplunnis macrura (Silver conger)[2]
Hypleurochilus geminatus (Crested blenny)[2]
Hypsoblennius hentz (Feather blenny)[3]
Lagodon rhomboides (Salt-water bream)[2]
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)[2]
Lembos hypacanthus[3]
Leucothoe spinicarpa[3]
Lolliguncula brevis (Atlantic brief squid)[3]
Lutjanus griseus (Snapper)[3]
Lysiosquilla scabricauda (Scaly-tailed mantis shrimp)[2]
Megapitaria maculata (calico clam)[2]
Menippe mercenaria (Florida stone crab)[2]
Microgobius carri (Seminole goby)[2]
Monacanthus ciliatus (Leather-fish)[2]
Mugil cephalus (gray mullet)[2]
Mullus auratus (Goatfish)[2]
Myrophis punctatus (Speckled worm eel)[2]
Neomerinthe hemingwayi (Spinycheek scorpionfish)[2]
Neomysis americana (Mysid shrimp)[3]
Neopontonides beaufortensis (seawhip shrimp)[3]
Ophichthus gomesii (Gomes's snake eel)[2]
Opistognathus lonchurus (Moustache jawfish)[2]
Opsanus pardus (Leopard toadfish)[2]
Opsanus tau (Oyster toadfish)[3]
Orthopristis chrysoptera (Sailor's choice)[2]
Pagrus pagrus (Red porgy)[2]
Palaemonetes intermedius (brackish grass shrimp)[3]
Palaemonetes pugio (daggerblade grass shrimp)[3]
Palaemonetes vulgaris (marsh grass shrimp)[3]
Paraclinus marmoratus (Marbled blenny)[2]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[2]
Portunus gibbesii (iridescent swimming crab)[2]
Ptereleotris calliura (Blue goby)[2]
Ptereleotris helenae (Hovering goby)[2]
Rhomboplites aurorubens (Vermillion snapper)[2]
Rimapenaeus similis (roughback shrimp)[2]
Sardinella aurita (Alache)[2]
Sicyonia brevirostris (brown rock shrimp)[2]
Stegastes leucostictus (Yellow-belly)[2]
Stephanolepis hispidus (Triggerfish)[2]
Synodus foetens (Soapfish)[2]
Tozeuma carolinense (arrow shrimp)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)1
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)1
Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)1
Anchoa hepsetus (Broad-striped anchovy)1
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)1
Atlantoraja platana (Ray)1
Bairdiella chrysoura (Silver perch)1
Brevoortia aurea (Brazilian menhaden)1
Brevoortia tyrannus (Shad)1
Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark)1
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)1
Crocodylus acutus (American crocodile)1
Cynoscion striatus (Striped weakfish)1
Fundulus heteroclitus (mummichog)2
Gymnothorax moringa (White-jawed moray eel)1
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)1
Larimus fasciatus (Banded drum)2
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)1
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)1
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)1
Menticirrhus saxatilis (Northern kingfish)1
Micropogonias furnieri (Whitemouth drummer)1
Morone americana (Wreckfish)1
Myoxocephalus aenaeus (Little sculpin)1
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)3
Paralichthys orbignyanus1
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)2
Prionotus carolinus (Searobin)1
Prionotus evolans (Striped searobin)1
Pseudobatos percellens (fiddlefish)1
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)1
Rhinoptera bonasus (Skeete)1
Rhizoprionodon lalandii (Sharpnose shark)1
Sciaenops ocellatus (Spotted bass)3
Scomber scombrus (Split)1
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)1
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)1
Syngnathus floridae (Florida pipefish)3
Syngnathus fuscus (Northern pipefish)2
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)1
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Dissosaccus laevis[4]
Haliotrema macrobaculum[2]
Lecithochirium floridense[4]
Lecithochirium parvum[4]
Lepidapedon hancocki[2]
Neolepidapedoides macrum[4]
Prosorhynchus pacificus[4]
Pseudorhabdosynochus kritskyi[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
Florida Aquarium
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr

Distribution

Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Belize; Bermuda; Brazil; Cuba; Gulf of Mexico; Mexico; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; USA (contiguous states); Western Atlantic: North Carolina, USA (with juveniles occurring as far north as Massachusetts) to the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Rare in Bermuda; one record in Cuba; also reported from eastern Brazil.;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Ontogenetic Shifts in the Diet of Gag, Mycteroperca microlepis, (Goode and Bean), (Pisces: Serranidae), Michael D. Mullaney, Jr., Proceedings of the 43rd Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute, pp. 432-445 (1994)
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access