Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Scorpaeniformes > Cottidae > Myoxocephalus > Myoxocephalus scorpius
 

Myoxocephalus scorpius (Short-spined sea scorpion; Shortspined sea scorpion; Shorthorn sculpin; Scumpy; Scummy; Sculpin; Scully; Scopy; Scopin; Scolping; Pig-fish; Horny whore; Guffy; Goat sculpin; Father-lasher; Bull-rout; Bullhead; Arctic sculpin; European sculpin; Daddy sculpin; Short-spined; Sea-scorpion; Greenland sculpin; Greenland bullhead)

Synonyms: Acanthocottus scorpius; Cottus groenlandicus; Cottus scorpius; Cottus verrucosus; Myoxocephalus scorpius groenlandicus; Myoxocephalus scorpius scorpius; Myoxocephalus verrucosus; Myxocephalus scorpius
Language: Danish; Dutch; Estonian; Faroese; Finnish; French; German; Greenlandic; Icelandic; Inuktitut; Latvian; Lithuanian; Mandarin Chinese; Manx; Norwegian; Polish; Russian; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

Myoxocephalus verrucosus, also known as the warty sculpin, is a Northern Pacific species of sculpin in the family Cottidae.
View Wikipedia Record: Myoxocephalus scorpius

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Auyuittuq National Park II 4808115 Nunavut, Canada
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Firth of Lorn 51830 Scotland, United Kingdom
Flamborough Head 15597 England, United Kingdom  
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Isle of May 882 Scotland, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Lands End and Cape Bank 74557 England, United Kingdom  
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Loch Creran 3030 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Loch Laxford 3018 Scotland, United Kingdom
Loch nam Madadh 5734 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lochs Duich, Long and Alsh Reefs 5883 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lundy 7573 England, United Kingdom  
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Morvern Woods 4763 Scotland, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Quttinirpaaq (Ellesmere Island) National Park Reserve II 9436606 Nunavut, Canada
Ronas Hill – North Roe 12110 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Ruegen   Germany      
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Sanday 27112 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Sirmilik National Park II 5475284 Canada
Sound of Arisaig (Loch Ailort to Loch Ceann Traigh) 11260 Scotland, United Kingdom
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
St David`s / Ty Ddewi 2312 Wales, United Kingdom  
St Kilda 62932 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Sullom Voe 6668 Scotland, United Kingdom
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
Tayvallich Juniper and Coast 2999 Scotland, United Kingdom
Thanet Coast 6928 England, United Kingdom
The Lizard 8048 England, United Kingdom    
The Vadills 154 Scotland, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  
Yell Sound Coast 3807 Scotland, United Kingdom

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Acartia clausi[1]
Agonus cataphractus (Pogge)[1]
Anonyx sarsi[2]
Bathyporeia pilosa[3]
Buglossidium luteum (Yellow sole)[1]
Callionymus lyra (european dragonet)[1]
Carcinus maenas (green crab)[4]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[1]
Corophium volutator (mud shrimp)[1]
Corystes cassivelaunus (masked crab)[1]
Crangon allmanni[1]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[3]
Gammarellus homari[2]
Gammarus setosus[2]
Gasterosteus aculeatus (Alaskan stickleback)[1]
Idotea balthica (gewone zeepissebed)[1]
Jaera albifrons[1]
Lebbeus polaris (polar lebbeid)[1]
Limanda limanda (Sand dab)[1]
Liocarcinus holsatus (flying crab)[1]
Margarites groenlandicus umbilicalis[1]
Microsetella norvegica[1]
Modiolus barbatus (bearded mussel)[1]
Mysis mixta[1]
Neomysis integer[1]
Nephrops norvegicus (Norway lobster)[1]
Nereis pelagica (gewone zeeduizendpoot)[1]
Oithona similis[1]
Onisimus edwardsi[2]
Onisimus litoralis[2]
Pagurus bernhardus (Bernhard's hermit crab)[1]
Paroediceros lynceus[2]
Pelia mutica (cryptic teardrop crab)[5]
Pomatoschistus microps (Common goby)[1]
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)[1]
Porcellana longicornis (long-clawed porcelain crab)[1]
Processa canaliculata (processa shrimp)[1]
Pseudocalanus minutus[1]
Saduria entomon[1]
Semibalanus balanoides (Barnacle)[1]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[1]
Temora longicornis[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Actitis hypoleucos (Common Sandpiper)1
Anguilla anguilla (River eel)1
Bothus podas (Wide-eyed flounder)1
Carcinus maenas (green crab)1
Ciliata mustela (Rockling)1
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)1
Ctenolabrus rupestris (Rock cook)1
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)1
Gadus morhua (rock cod)2
Gobius niger (Black goby)1
Haematopus ostralegus (Eurasian Oystercatcher)1
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)1
Lepidorhombus boscii (Whiff)1
Liparis liparis (striped seasnail)2
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)2
Mullus surmuletus (Red mullet)1
Numenius arquata (Eurasian Curlew)2
Octopus vulgaris (common octopus)1
Pagellus acarne (Spanish seabream)1
Platalea leucorodia (Eurasian Spoonbill)1
Platichthys flesus (North Atlantic flounder)2
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)2
Pomadasys incisus (Bastard grunt)1
Pomatoschistus microps (Common goby)3
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)1
Raja brachyura (Blond ray)1
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)1
Rhinobatos rhinobatos (Mediterranean longnose)1
Scorpaena porcus (Black scorpion fish)1
Somateria mollissima (Common Eider)1

Predators

Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[1]
Ardea cinerea (Grey Heron)[1]
Cepphus grylle (Black Guillemot)[2]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[1]
Cryptocotyle lingua[1]
Delphinapterus leucas (Beluga)[1]
Derogenes varicus[1]
Erignathus barbatus (Bearded Seal)[1]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[1]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[1]
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)[1]
Lutra lutra (European Otter)[1]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[1]
Myoxocephalus quadricornis (Alaska fourhorn sculpin)[1]
Odobenus rosmarus (Walrus)[1]
Phalacrocorax aristotelis (Shag)[6]
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)[7]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[8]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[1]
Platichthys flesus (North Atlantic flounder)[1]
Podocotyle angulata[1]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[1]
Pusa hispida (Ringed Seal)[2]
Scophthalmus rhombus (Flounder)[1]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[1]
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)[1]

Providers

Mutual (symbiont) 
Cryptocotyle jejuna[1]
Cryptocotyle lingua[1]
Levinseniella brachysoma[1]
Maritrema subdolum[1]
Profilicollis botulus[1]
Sacculina carcini[1]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[9]
Ascaris soleae <Unverified Name>[9]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[9]
Contracaecum aduncum[9]
Contracaecum osculatum[9]
Corynosoma magdaleni[9]
Corynosoma semerme[9]
Corynosoma strumosum[9]
Corynosoma wegeneri[9]
Cosmocephalus obvelatus <Unverified Name>[9]
Cryptocotyle jejuna[1]
Cryptocotyle lingua[9]
Derogenes varicus[9]
Diplocotyle olrikii[9]
Echinorhynchus bothniensis[9]
Echinorhynchus gadi[9]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[9]
Echinorhynchus sphaericus <Unverified Name>[9]
Eubothrium salvelini[1]
Grillotia erinaceus[9]
Gyrodactylus groenlandicus[9]
Hemiurus levinseni[9]
Hysterothylacium auctum <Unverified Name>[9]
Hysterothylacium rigidum <Unverified Name>[9]
Lecithochirium rufoviride[9]
Neophasis oculata[9]
Nybelinia surmenicola[9]
Podocotyle atomon[9]
Podocotyle reflexa[9]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[9]
Progonus muelleri[9]
Prosorhynchus crucibulum[9]
Prosorhynchus squamatus[9]
Proteocephalus percae[9]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[9]
Pyramicocephalus phocarum[9]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[9]
Steganoderma formosum[9]
Stephanostomum baccatum[9]
Stephanostomum sobrinum <Unverified Name>[9]
Taenia punctata <Unverified Name>[9]
Tetracotyle encephali <Unverified Name>[9]
Thynnascaris adunca[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Biodome de Montreal
Oresundsakvariet (Oresund Aquarium)
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Universeum Science Center
Zoo am Meer Bremerhaven GmbH

Distribution

Alaska (USA); Arctic Ocean; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Baltic Sea; Beaufort Sea; Belgium; Canada; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Chukchi Sea; Denmark; East Greenland Shelf/Sea; East Siberian Sea; Eastern Atlantic: south-eastern coasts of Greenland, Jan Mayen Island, Iceland to British Isles and southward to Bay of Biscay, also North Sea, Baltic Sea, Spitsbergen and southern part of Barents Sea (including White Sea). Western Atlantic: James Bay ; Eastern Atlantic: south-eastern coasts of Greenland, Jan Mayen Island, Iceland to British Isles and southward to Bay of Biscay, also North Sea, Baltic Sea, Spitsbergen and southern part of Barents Sea (including White Sea). Western Atlantic: James Bay in Canada to New York, USA (Ref. 7251). Arctic Ocean.; Estonia; Faroe Plateau; Finland; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greenland; Gulf of Maine; Hudson Bay; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Isle of Man; Laptev Sea; Latvia; Lithuania; Netherlands; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; North Sea; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Northwest; Penobscot Bay; Poland; Russian Federation; Scotian Shelf; Sweden; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom; West Greenland Shelf;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
2Notes on fishes in Hornsund fjord area (Spitsbergen), Jan Marcin WĘSLAWSKI and Wojciech KULIŃSKI, POLISH POLAR RESEARCH (POL. POLAR RES.) Vol. 10 No. 2 p. 241-250 (1989)
3Trophodynamics in a Shallow Lagoon off Northwestern Europe (Culbin Sands, Moray Firth): Spatial and Temporal Variability of Epibenthic Communities, Their Diets, and Consumption Efficiency, Vanda Mariyam Mendonça, David George Raffaelli, Peter R. Boyle, and Chas Emes, Zoological Studies 48(2): 196-214 (2009)
4Energy flow of a boreal intertidal ecosystem, the Sylt-Rømø Bight, Dan Baird, Harald Asmus, Ragnhild Asmus, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 279: 45–61, 2004
5Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000)
6Feeding ecology of sympatric European shags Phalacrocorax aristotelis and great cormorants P. carbo in Iceland, Kristjan Lilliendahl, Jon Solmundsson, Marine Biology (2006) 149: 979–990
7Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979
8Annual Variation in Diet of Breeding Great Cormorants: Does it Reflect Varying Recruitment of Gadoids?, SVEIN-HÅKON LORENTSEN, DAVID GRÉMILLET AND GEIR HÅVARD NYMOEN, Waterbirds 27(2): 161-169, 2004
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access