Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Cichlidae > Oreochromis > Oreochromis aureus

Oreochromis aureus (Tilapia; Kurpertilapia; Jordan St. Peter's fish; Israeli tilapia; Golden tilapia; Blue tilapia)

Synonyms: Chromis aureus; Oreochromis auraeus; Oreochromis aurea; Sarotherodon aureum; Sarotherodon aureus; Tilapia aurea; Tilapia aurea exul; Tilapia kacherbi; Tilapia kashabi; Tilapia lemassoni; Tilapia monodi; Tilapia nilotica exul
Language: Afrikaans; Arabic; Finnish; German; Haoussa; Hausa; Hebrew; Igbo; Ijo; Kanuri; Kim; Krio; Mandarin Chinese; Nupe; Other; Spanish; Swedish; Wolof; Yoruba

Wikipedia Abstract

The blue tilapia or Israeli tilapia, Oreochromis aureus, is a species of fish in the Cichlidae family. Native to Northern and Western Africa, and the Middle East, through introductions it is now also established elsewhere, including parts of the United States, where it has been declared an invasive species and has caused significant environmental damage. It is known as blue kurper in South Africa.
View Wikipedia Record: Oreochromis aureus

Invasive Species

Oreochromis aureus (blue tilapia) is native to parts of Africa and the Middle East and is an important food source throughout the world. Oreochromis aureus are easily raised as they are resilient and prolific and have a high grain-to-feed conversion rate. Worldwide introductions for use in aquaculture have provided an essential source of protein to many nations. However, these characteristics have allowed them to dominate many of their introduced ranges by displacing native species and restructuring aquatic communities in areas where they have established by means of escape from confinement or deliberate release.
View ISSG Record: Oreochromis aureus


Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Diet [2]  Omnivore, Planktivore, Detritivore
Adult Length [1]  18 inches (46 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  On/In self
Litter Size [1]  1,800
Maximum Longevity [1]  6 years
Migration [2]  Potamodromous


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Appalachian Piedmont United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Colorado Mexico, United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
East Texas Gulf United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Florida Peninsula United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    
Lower Rio Grande - Bravo Mexico, United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Puerto Rico - Virgin Islands United Kingdom, United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    
Sabine - Galveston United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
US Southern Plains United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Vegas - Virgin United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Omo Strict Natural Reserve Forest Reserve 328086 Nigeria  

Prey / Diet

Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[3]
Bosmina longirostris[3]
Keratella cochlearis[3]


Anhinga anhinga (Anhinga)[3]


Parasitized by 
Centrocestus formosanus <Unverified Name>[4]
Cichlidogyrus aegypticus[4]
Cichlidogyrus arthracanthus[4]
Cichlidogyrus cirratus[4]
Cichlidogyrus ergensi[4]
Cichlidogyrus halli[4]
Cichlidogyrus longicornis[4]
Cichlidogyrus sclerosus[4]
Cichlidogyrus thurstonae[4]
Cichlidogyrus tiberianus[4]
Cichlidogyrus tilapiae[4]
Clinostomum complanatum[4]
Contracaecum multipapillatum <Unverified Name>[4]
Gnathostoma binucleatum <Unverified Name>[4]
Goezia nonipapillata <Unverified Name>[4]
Goezia sinamora <Unverified Name>[4]
Gyrodactylus cichlidarum[4]
Neobenedenia melleni[4]
Saccocoelioides cichlidorum[3]
Saccocoelioides sogandaresi[3]
Schulmanella petruschewskii <Unverified Name>[4]
Sciadicleithrum bravohollisae <Unverified Name>[4]
Scutogyrus longicornis[4]
Spirocamallanus pereirai[4]
Thynnascaris habena <Unverified Name>[4]

Range Map

Africa and Eurasia: Jordan Valley, Lower Nile, Chad Basin, Benue, middle and upper Niger, Senegal River (Ref. 21). Introduced in the oasis of Azraq (Jordan) as well as in warm water ponds of USA, South and Central America and South East Asia. At least ; Africa and Eurasia: Jordan Valley, Lower Nile, Chad Basin, Benue, middle and upper Niger, Senegal River (Ref. 21). Introduced in the oasis of Azraq (Jordan) as well as in warm water ponds of USA, South and Central America and South East Asia. At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction.; Africa-Inland Waters; America, North - Inland waters; America, South - Inland waters; Antigua and Barbuda; Arkansas; Asia - Inland waters; Bahamas; Benue River; Brazil; Cameroon; Chad; China; Costa Rica; Cuba; Cyprus; Côte d'Ivoire; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Egypt; El Salvador; Ethiopian; Former USSR - Inland waters; French Polynesia; Guatemala; Haiti; Israel; Japan; Jordan; Kainji Lake; Kuwait; Laguna de Bay; Lake Chad/Chari River; Madagascar; Mali; Mexico; Myanmar; Nearctic; Neotropical; Netherlands Antilles; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Nile; Oceania - Inland waters; Oman; Oriental; Pakistan; Palearctic; Panama; Peru; Philippines; Puerto Rico; Russian Federation; Saudi Arabia; Senegal; Singapore; South Africa; Syrian Arab Republic; Taiwan; Thailand; Turkey; USA (contiguous states); Uganda; United Arab Emirates; Yili River; Zambia;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access