Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Paralichthyidae > Paralichthys > Paralichthys dentatus
 

Paralichthys dentatus (fluke; Summer flounder; Gulf flounder; Flounder)

Synonyms: Pleuronectes dentatus
Language: Danish; Dutch; French; Mandarin Chinese; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Spanish; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Summer Flounder (Paralichthys dentatus) is a marine flatfish that is found in the Atlantic Ocean off the East coast of the United States and Canada. It is especially abundant in waters from North Carolina to Massachusetts.
View Wikipedia Record: Paralichthys dentatus

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States

Prey / Diet

Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)[1]
Anchoa mitchilli (Bay anchovy)[2]
Bairdiella chrysoura (Silver perch)[2]
Crangon septemspinosa (sevenspine bay shrimp)[2]
Cynoscion regalis (Weakfish)[2]
Doryteuthis pealeii (longfin inshore squid)[1]
Etrumeus acuminatus (Atlantic red herring)[1]
Faughnia haani (Mantis shrimp)[2]
Fundulus heteroclitus (mummichog)[3]
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)[2]
Lolliguncula brevis (Atlantic brief squid)[2]
Micropogonias undulatus (Atlantic croacker)[2]
Neomysis americana (Mysid shrimp)[2]
Ovalipes ocellatus (ocellate lady crab)[3]
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa mediocris (Hickory shad)1
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)2
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)3
Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)1
Anchoa hepsetus (Broad-striped anchovy)1
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)1
Atlantoraja platana (Ray)1
Brevoortia aurea (Brazilian menhaden)1
Brevoortia tyrannus (Shad)1
Brosme brosme (Tusk)1
Carcharhinus obscurus (Whaler shark)5
Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark)8
Carcharias taurus (Spotted sand tiger shark)1
Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)3
Centropomus undecimalis (Thin snook)1
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)4
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)1
Coelorinchus carminatus (Longnose grenadier)1
Cynoscion arenarius (Sand seatrout)1
Cynoscion nothus (Silver weakfish)1
Cynoscion regalis (Weakfish)6
Cynoscion striatus (Striped weakfish)1
Dasyatis americana (Kit)1
Dasyatis centroura (clam cracker)2
Dasyatis say (Say's stingray)2
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)1
Euthynnus alletteratus (Little tunny)1
Gadus morhua (rock cod)1
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)1
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)1
Haemulon aurolineatum (Seize)1
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)1
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)2
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)1
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)1
Kajikia audax (Stripey)1
Lagenorhynchus acutus (Atlantic White-sided Dolphin)1
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)1
Larimus fasciatus (Banded drum)1
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)2
Lepidochelys kempii (Atlantic Ridley, Kemp’s Ridley Seaturtle)2
Lepophidium profundorum (Fawn cusk-eel)1
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)5
Leucoraja garmani (Freckled skate)1
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)3
Limanda ferruginea (rusty flounder)2
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)1
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)1
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)2
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)1
Menticirrhus americanus (Woundhead)1
Menticirrhus saxatilis (Northern kingfish)4
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)3
Micropogonias furnieri (Whitemouth drummer)1
Micropogonias undulatus (Atlantic croacker)3
Morone americana (Wreckfish)2
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)1
Mustelus canis (Dogfish)4
Mycteroperca microlepis (Velvet rockfish)3
Myoxocephalus aenaeus (Little sculpin)2
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)2
Ophichthus cruentifer (Snake eel)1
Ophidion marginatum (Striped cusk-eel)1
Paralichthys orbignyanus1
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)1
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)1
Pollachius virens (Sillock)1
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)6
Prionotus carolinus (Searobin)2
Prionotus evolans (Striped searobin)3
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)3
Rachycentron canadum (Sergent fish)1
Raja eglanteria (Clearnose skate)3
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)1
Rhinobatos percellens (fiddlefish)1
Rhizoprionodon lalandii (Sharpnose shark)1
Rhizoprionodon terraenovae (Atlantic sharp-nosed shark)3
Rhomboplites aurorubens (Vermillion snapper)1
Saurida brasiliensis (Brazilian lizardfish)1
Sciaenops ocellatus (Spotted bass)3
Scomber scombrus (Split)1
Scomberomorus cavalla (Spanish mackerel)2
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)3
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)1
Squatina californica (Pacific angelshark)1
Squatina dumeril (Atlantic angelshark)3
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)3
Syngnathus fuscus (Northern pipefish)1
Synodus foetens (Soapfish)2
Thunnus tonggol (Oriental bonito)1
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)1
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)3
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)3
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Bothriocephalus scorpii[4]
Bucephalopsis paralichthydis <Unverified Name>[4]
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[4]
Callitetrarhynchus speciosus[4]
Ceratobothrium xanthocephalum[4]
Dichelyne cylindricus <Unverified Name>[4]
Dollfusentis chandleri[4]
Echinorhynchus gadi[4]
Grillotia erinaceus[4]
Grillotia smarisgora[4]
Heteronybelinia estigmena[4]
Heteronybelinia palliata[4]
Hirudinella ventricosa[4]
Hysterothylacium habena <Unverified Name>[4]
Lecithochirium synodi[4]
Lepidapedon elongatum[4]
Lepocreadium areolatum[4]
Lepocreadium setiferoides[4]
Microphallus turgidus <Unverified Name>[4]
Neoheterobothrium affine[4]
Opechona pyriforme <Unverified Name>[4]
Opecoeloides fimbriatus[4]
Opecoeloides vitellosus[4]
Otobothrium cysticum[4]
Parahemiurus merus[4]
Pomphorhynchus rocci[4]
Pterobothrium heteracanthum[4]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[4]
Serrasentis sagittifer[4]
Southwellina hispida[4]
Stephanostomum dentatum[4]
Stephanostomum tenue[4]
Tentacularia coryphaenae[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Buttonwood Park Zoo
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr

Distribution

Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Canada; China; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Northwest Atlantic: Maine (rarely Nova Scotia, Canada) to northern Florida, USA.; Scotian Shelf; USA (contiguous states);

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Group expert : Amaoka, K., 2012-10-02, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000) 2Latour, Robert J., et al. "The trophic dynamics of summer flounder (Paralichthys dentatus) in Chesapeake Bay." Fishery Bulletin 106.1 (2008): 47+. Academic OneFile. Web. 23 July 2010 3 Steimle FW, Pikanowski RA, McMillan DG, Zetlin CA, Wilk SJ. 2000. Demersal Fish and American Lobster Diets in the Lower Hudson - Raritan Estuary. US Dep Commer, NOAA Tech Memo NMFS NE 161; 106 p. 4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011