Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Gadiformes > Gadidae > Pollachius > Pollachius virens
 

Pollachius virens (Sillock; Saithe; Poodler; Pollock; Kench cure; Green cod; Gloshan; Glassan; Coley; Coal-fish; Coalfish; Billet; American pollack)

Synonyms: Gadus carbonarius; Gadus colinus; Gadus purpureus; Gadus sey; Gadus virens; Merlangus carbonarius; Merlangus purpureus; Merlangus virens; Polachius virens; Pollachius carbonarius
Language: Danish; Dutch; Faroese; French; German; Icelandic; Italian; Mandarin Chinese; Manx; Norwegian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Spanish; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

Coalfish redirects here; that is also a common name for Anoplopoma fimbria in Canada. Pollachius virens is a species of marine fish in the Pollachius genus. Together with Pollachius pollachius it is generally referred to in the U.S. as Pollock. Other names include the Boston blues, coalfish (or coley) and saithe in the UK. This species can be separated from P. pollachius by looking at the relative lengths of the upper and lower jaws. P.
View Wikipedia Record: Pollachius virens

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  38.80 lbs (17.60 kg)
Female Maturity [3]  2 years
Male Maturity [2]  2 years 3 months
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Maximum Longevity [3]  25 years
Water Biome [1]  Pelagic, Coastal

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Firth of Lorn 51830 Scotland, United Kingdom
Flamborough Head 15597 England, United Kingdom  
Inverpolly 29349 Scotland, United Kingdom
Isle of May 882 Scotland, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Kejimkujik Seaside Adjunct National Park II 4970 Nova Scotia, Canada
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Loch Creran 3030 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Loch Laxford 3018 Scotland, United Kingdom
Loch nam Madadh 5734 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lochs Duich, Long and Alsh Reefs 5883 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Monach Islands 9011 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Mousa 1311 Scotland, United Kingdom
North Bull Island Nature Reserve IV 3544 Ireland  
North Rona 1553 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Papa Stour 5132 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Rinns of Islay 2841 Scotland, United Kingdom
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Sanday 27112 Scotland, United Kingdom    
St David`s / Ty Ddewi 2312 Wales, United Kingdom  
St Kilda 62932 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Sullom Voe 6668 Scotland, United Kingdom
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
The Vadills 154 Scotland, United Kingdom
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany

Prey / Diet

Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)[4]
Calanus finmarchicus[5]
Gobiusculus flavescens (Two-spotted goby)[5]
Gonatus fabricii (boreoatlantic armhook squid)[6]
Illex illecebrosus (northern shortfin squid)[6]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[7]
Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill)[4]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[8]
Pandalus borealis (northern shrimp)[4]
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)2
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)3
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)5
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)2
Argentina silus (Atlantic argentine)2
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)2
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)3
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)2
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)2
Centroscyllium fabricii (Black dogfish)2
Ctenolabrus rupestris (Rock cook)2
Cystophora cristata (Hooded Seal)2
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)2
Dipturus linteus (Sharp-nosed skate)2
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)3
Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)2
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)2
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)2
Gadus morhua (rock cod)8
Galeus melastomus (Black-mouth catshark)2
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)2
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)2
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)3
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)3
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)2
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)2
Larus marinus (Great Black-backed Gull)2
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)3
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)3
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)5
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)3
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)3
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)2
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)4
Raja clavata (Roker)2
Rajella fyllae (Round ray)2
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)5
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)2
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)2
Triglops murrayi (Moustache sculpin)2
Trisopterus capelanus (Poor cod)2
Uria aalge (Common Murre)2
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)4

Predators

Dipturus linteus (Sharp-nosed skate)[9]
Phalacrocorax aristotelis (Shag)[10]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[11]
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)[12]
Todarodes sagittatus[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anacanthocheilus rotundatus <Unverified Name>[13]
Anisakis simplex[13]
Ascarophis filiformis <Unverified Name>[13]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[13]
Brachyphallus crenatus[13]
Contracaecum osculatum[13]
Cryptocotyle lingua[13]
Cucullanus cirratus <Unverified Name>[13]
Derogenes varicus[13]
Diclidophora denticulata[13]
Echinorhynchus armoricanus[13]
Echinorhynchus gadi[13]
Genolinea laticauda[13]
Grillotia erinaceus[13]
Gyrodactylus pterygialis[13]
Hemiurus communis[13]
Hemiurus levinseni[13]
Hemiurus luehei[13]
Hepatoxylon trichiuri[13]
Lecithaster gibbosus[13]
Lepidapedon elongatum[13]
Lepidapedon rachion[13]
Podocotyle atomon[13]
Podocotyle reflexa[13]
Prosorhynchoides gracilescens[13]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[13]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[13]
Scolex polymorphus <Unverified Name>[13]
Udonella caligorum[13]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium du Quebec
Biodome de Montreal
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Universeum Science Center
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr

Distribution

Arctic Ocean; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Baltic Sea; Beaufort Sea; Belgium; Canada; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Denmark; East Greenland Shelf/Sea; East Siberian Sea; Eastern Atlantic: Barents Sea, Spitsbergen to Bay of Biscay, around Iceland. Western Atlantic: southwest Greenland, Hudson Strait to North Carolina, although rare at the extremes of the range. Migrations for spawning are known to occur. Also long-dis; Eastern Atlantic: Barents Sea, Spitsbergen to Bay of Biscay, around Iceland. Western Atlantic: southwest Greenland, Hudson Strait to North Carolina, although rare at the extremes of the range. Migrations for spawning are known to occur. Also long-distance north-south migrations for Europe and the US.; Faeroe Islands; Faroe Plateau; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greenland; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Isle of Man; Laptev Sea; Latvia; Lithuania; Netherlands; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; North Sea; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Penobscot Bay; Russian Federation; Scotian Shelf; Svalbard and Jan Mayen; Sweden; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom; West Greenland Shelf;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , FishBase in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 4Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000) 5PRELIMINARY REPORT FROM A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE DIET OF FOUR GADOID FISHES IN A FJORD OF WESTERN NORWAY, A.G. Vea Salvanes, International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, C.M. 1986/G: 71, Demersal Fish Committee 6CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 7The role of capelin (Mallotus villosus) in the foodweb of the Barents Sea, A. V. Dolgov, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59: 1034–1045. 2002 8Trophic ecology of blue whiting in the Barents Sea, Andrey V. Dolgov, Edda Johannesen, Mikko Heino, and Erik Olsen, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 67: 483–493 9Predator-Prey Relationships and Food Sources of the Skagerrak Deep-Water Fish Assemblage, O. A. Bergstad, Å. D. Wik and Ø. Hildre, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 31, 2003, pp. 165-180 10Feeding ecology of sympatric European shags Phalacrocorax aristotelis and great cormorants P. carbo in Iceland, Kristjan Lilliendahl, Jon Solmundsson, Marine Biology (2006) 149: 979–990 11Annual Variation in Diet of Breeding Great Cormorants: Does it Reflect Varying Recruitment of Gadoids?, SVEIN-HÅKON LORENTSEN, DAVID GRÉMILLET AND GEIR HÅVARD NYMOEN, Waterbirds 27(2): 161-169, 2004 12THE DIET OF HARBOUR PORPOISE (PHOCOENA PHOCOENA) IN THE NORTHEAST ATLANTIC, M. B. SANTOS & G. J. PIERCE, Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review 2003, 41, 355–390 13Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011