Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Gadiformes > Gadidae > Pollachius > Pollachius virens
 

Pollachius virens (Sillock; Saithe; Poodler; Pollock; Kench cure; Green cod; Gloshan; Glassan; Coley; Coal-fish; Coalfish; Billet; American pollack)

Synonyms: Gadus carbonarius; Gadus colinus; Gadus purpureus; Gadus sey; Gadus virens; Merlangus carbonarius; Merlangus purpureus; Merlangus virens; Polachius virens; Pollachius carbonarius
Language: Danish; Dutch; Faroese; French; German; Icelandic; Italian; Mandarin Chinese; Manx; Norwegian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Spanish; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

Coalfish redirects here; that is also a common name for Anoplopoma fimbria (sablefish) in Canada.Saithe (/seɪð/ or /seɪθ/), Pollachius virens, is a species of marine fish in the Pollachius genus. Together with Pollachius pollachius it is generally referred to in the U.S. as pollock. Other names include the Boston blues (separate from bluefish), coalfish (or coley) and saithe in the UK.This species can be separated from P.
View Wikipedia Record: Pollachius virens

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  38.80 lbs (17.60 kg)
Female Maturity [3]  2 years
Male Maturity [2]  2 years 3 months
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Maximum Longevity [3]  25 years
Migration [4]  Oceanodromous
Water Biome [1]  Pelagic, Coastal

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Firth of Lorn 51830 Scotland, United Kingdom
Flamborough Head 15597 England, United Kingdom  
Inverpolly 29349 Scotland, United Kingdom
Isle of May 882 Scotland, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Kejimkujik Seaside Adjunct National Park II 4970 Nova Scotia, Canada
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Loch Creran 3030 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Loch Laxford 3018 Scotland, United Kingdom
Loch nam Madadh 5734 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lochs Duich, Long and Alsh Reefs 5883 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Monach Islands 9011 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Mousa 1311 Scotland, United Kingdom
North Bull Island Nature Reserve IV 3544 Ireland  
North Rona 1553 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Papa Stour 5132 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Rinns of Islay 2841 Scotland, United Kingdom
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Sanday 27112 Scotland, United Kingdom    
St David`s / Ty Ddewi 2312 Wales, United Kingdom  
St Kilda 62932 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Sullom Voe 6668 Scotland, United Kingdom
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
The Vadills 154 Scotland, United Kingdom
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany

Prey / Diet

Acartia clausi[5]
Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)[6]
Ammodytes marinus (sand eel)[5]
Ampelisca typica[5]
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)[5]
Anchoa spinifer (Spicule anchovy)[5]
Anomalocera patersoni[5]
Antedon bifida[5]
Apherusa bispinosa[5]
Arctozenus risso (Spotted barracudina)[5]
Arenicola marina (arénicole)[5]
Argentina sphyraena (Lesser silver smelt)[5]
Argyropelecus aculeatus (marine hatchetfish)[5]
Argyropelecus olfersii (Hatchetfish)[5]
Astropecten articulatus (royal sea star)[5]
Atylus falcatus[5]
Atylus swammerdami[5]
Bathyporeia elegans[5]
Bodotria scorpioides[5]
Buccinum undatum (common whelk)[5]
Calanus finmarchicus[7]
Calanus glacialis[5]
Calanus hyperboreus[5]
Caprella linearis[5]
Chelidonichthys lucerna (Sapphirine gurnard)[5]
Cirolana parva[5]
Clio pyramidata (pyramid clio)[5]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[5]
Corophium volutator (mud shrimp)[5]
Crangon allmanni[5]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[5]
Cyclothone braueri (Bent - tooth lightfish)[5]
Dexamine spinosa[5]
Diarthrodes nobilis[5]
Dichelopandalus leptocerus (bristled longbeak)[5]
Doryteuthis pleii (arrow squid)[5]
Echiodon drummondii (Pearlfish)[5]
Ericthonius rubricornis[5]
Eurytemora herdmani[5]
Euspira pulchella (common necklace shell)[5]
Fenestraria rhopalophylla (babies toes)[5]
Gadiculus argenteus (Silvery pout)[5]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[5]
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)[5]
Gobiusculus flavescens (Two-spotted goby)[7]
Gonatus fabricii (boreoatlantic armhook squid)[8]
Gracilechinus acutus[5]
Guernea coalita[5]
Hediste diversicolor (veelkleurige zeeduizendpoot)[5]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[5]
Hyperia galba[5]
Hyperoplus immaculatus (Corbin's sand eel)[5]
Hyperoplus lanceolatus (greater sand eel)[5]
Idotea neglecta[5]
Illex illecebrosus (northern shortfin squid)[8]
Jassa falcata (Mottled tube-making amphipod)[5]
Lacuna vincta (northern lacuna)[5]
Limanda limanda (Sand dab)[5]
Liocarcinus holsatus (flying crab)[5]
Loligo forbesii (Veined Squid)[5]
Loligo vulgaris (European Squid)[5]
Lycodes vahlii (Vahl's eelpout)[5]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[9]
Maurolicus muelleri (Silvery lightfish)[5]
Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill)[6]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[5]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[5]
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)[5]
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)[5]
Metridia longa[5]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[10]
Microstomus kitt (Sweet fluke)[5]
Monoculodes carinatus[5]
Monopseudocuma gilsoni[5]
Myoxocephalus scorpius (Short-spined sea scorpion)[5]
Necora puber (velvet crab)[5]
Neomysis integer[5]
Nephrops norvegicus (Norway lobster)[5]
Obelia geniculata (knotted thread hydroid)[5]
Oithona spinirostris[5]
Ophiocomina nigra (Brittlestar)[5]
Pagurus bernhardus (Bernhard's hermit crab)[5]
Pandalus borealis (northern shrimp)[6]
Pandalus montagui (Aesop shrimp)[5]
Parathemisto oblivia[5]
Pasiphaea sivado (white glass shrimp)[5]
Patella pellucida (blue-rayed limpet)[5]
Perioculodes longimanus[5]
Phtisica marina[5]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[5]
Pomatoschistus microps (Common goby)[5]
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)[7]
Pseudocalanus elongatus[5]
Pseudocuma longicorne[5]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[5]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[5]
Semibalanus balanoides (Barnacle)[5]
Sepiola atlantica (Atlantic Bobtail)[5]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[5]
Temora longicornis[5]
Themisto abyssorum[5]
Themisto libellula[5]
Thysanoessa inermis[5]
Thysanoessa longicaudata[5]
Thysanoessa raschii (Arctic krill)[5]
Tortanus discaudatus[5]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[5]
Trisopterus esmarkii (Norway pout)[5]
Trisopterus minutus (poor cod)[5]
Urothoe elegans[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)2
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)3
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)5
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)2
Argentina silus (Atlantic argentine)2
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)2
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)3
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)2
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)2
Centroscyllium fabricii (Black dogfish)2
Ctenolabrus rupestris (Rock cook)2
Cystophora cristata (Hooded Seal)2
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)2
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)3
Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)2
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)2
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)2
Gadus morhua (rock cod)8
Galeus melastomus (Black-mouth catshark)2
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)2
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)2
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)3
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)3
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)2
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)2
Larus marinus (Great Black-backed Gull)2
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)3
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)3
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)5
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)3
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)3
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)2
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)4
Raja clavata (Roker)2
Rajella fyllae (Round ray)2
Rajella lintea (Sharp-nosed skate)2
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)5
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)2
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)2
Triglops murrayi (Moustache sculpin)2
Trisopterus capelanus (Poor cod)2
Uria aalge (Common Murre)2
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)4

Predators

Aethia psittacula (Parakeet Auklet)[5]
Aethia pusilla (Least Auklet)[5]
Alle alle (Little Auk)[5]
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[5]
Ardea cinerea (Grey Heron)[5]
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)[5]
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)[5]
Brachyramphus brevirostris (Kittlitz's Murrelet)[5]
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)[5]
Brachyramphus perdix (Long-billed Murrelet)[5]
Cepphus carbo (Spectacled Guillemot)[5]
Cepphus columba (Pigeon Guillemot)[5]
Chroicocephalus saundersi (Saunders's Gull)[5]
Cystophora cristata (Hooded Seal)[5]
Delphinapterus leucas (Beluga)[5]
Eudyptes pachyrhynchus (Fiordland Penguin)[5]
Eudyptes robustus (Snares Penguin)[5]
Eudyptes sclateri (Erect-crested Penguin)[5]
Eudyptula minor (Fairy Penguin)[5]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[5]
Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)[5]
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)[5]
Fratercula corniculata (Horned Puffin)[5]
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)[5]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[5]
Gonatus fabricii (boreoatlantic armhook squid)[5]
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)[5]
Hydroprogne caspia (Caspian Tern)[5]
Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus (Great Black-headed Gull)[5]
Ichthyaetus relictus (Relict Gull)[5]
Lagenorhynchus acutus (Atlantic White-sided Dolphin)[5]
Larus canus (Mew Gull)[5]
Larus hyperboreus (Glaucous Gull)[5]
Lecithaster gibbosus[5]
Megadyptes antipodes (Yellow-eyed Penguin)[5]
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)[5]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[5]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[5]
Microcarbo coronatus (Crowned Cormorant)[5]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[5]
Molva molva (Ling)[5]
Morus bassanus (Northern Gannet)[5]
Morus serrator (Australasian Gannet)[5]
Myxine glutinosa (Atlantic hagfish)[5]
Onychoprion aleuticus (Aleutian Tern)[5]
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[5]
Pagophila eburnea (Ivory Gull)[5]
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)[5]
Petromyzon marinus (Eel sucker)[5]
Phalacrocorax aristotelis (Shag)[11]
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)[5]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[12]
Phalacrocorax pelagicus (Pelagic Cormorant)[5]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[5]
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)[13]
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)[5]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[5]
Rajella lintea (Sharp-nosed skate)[14]
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)[5]
Salvelinus alpinus (Arctic charr)[5]
Sebastes mentella (Redfish)[5]
Somniosus microcephalus (gray shark)[5]
Spheniscus magellanicus (Magellanic Penguin)[5]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[5]
Stercorarius parasiticus (Parasitic Jaeger)[5]
Sterna forsteri (Forster's Tern)[5]
Sterna hirundo (Common Tern)[5]
Sternula albifrons (Little Tern)[5]
Sternula antillarum (Least Tern)[5]
Synthliboramphus antiquus (Ancient Murrelet)[5]
Synthliboramphus wumizusume (Japanese Murrelet)[5]
Thalassarche cauta (Shy Albatross)[5]
Thalassarche eremita (Chatham Albatross)[5]
Thalassarche melanophris (Black-browed Albatross)[5]
Thalassarche salvini (Salvin's Albatross)[5]
Thalasseus bernsteini (Chinese Crested Tern)[5]
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)[5]
Todarodes sagittatus (European flying squid)[8]
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)[5]
Uria aalge (Common Murre)[5]
Uria lomvia (Thick-billed Murre)[5]
Xema sabini (Sabine's Gull)[5]

Providers

Parasite of 
Anisakis simplex[5]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[5]
Contracaecum osculatum[5]
Cryptocotyle lingua[5]
Derogenes varicus[5]
Diclidophora denticulata[5]
Echinorhynchus armoricanus[5]
Genolinea laticauda[5]
Grillotia erinaceus[5]
Gyrodactylus pterygialis[5]
Hemiurus communis[5]
Hemiurus levinseni[5]
Hemiurus luehei[5]
Hepatoxylon trichiuri[5]
Lecithaster gibbosus[5]
Lepidapedon elongatum[5]
Lepidapedon rachion[5]
Podocotyle atomon[5]
Podocotyle reflexa[5]
Prosorhynchoides gracilescens[5]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[5]
Udonella caligorum[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anacanthocheilus rotundatus <Unverified Name>[15]
Anisakis simplex[15]
Ascarophis filiformis <Unverified Name>[15]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[15]
Brachyphallus crenatus[15]
Contracaecum osculatum[15]
Cryptocotyle lingua[15]
Cucullanus cirratus <Unverified Name>[15]
Derogenes varicus[15]
Diclidophora denticulata[15]
Echinorhynchus armoricanus[15]
Echinorhynchus gadi[15]
Genolinea laticauda[15]
Grillotia erinaceus[15]
Gyrodactylus pterygialis[15]
Hemiurus communis[15]
Hemiurus levinseni[15]
Hemiurus luehei[15]
Hepatoxylon trichiuri[15]
Lecithaster gibbosus[15]
Lepidapedon elongatum[15]
Lepidapedon rachion[15]
Podocotyle atomon[15]
Podocotyle reflexa[15]
Prosorhynchoides gracilescens[15]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[15]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[15]
Scolex polymorphus <Unverified Name>[15]
Udonella caligorum[15]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium du Quebec
Biodome de Montreal
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Universeum Science Center
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr

Distribution

Arctic Ocean; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Baltic Sea; Beaufort Sea; Belgium; Canada; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Denmark; East Greenland Shelf/Sea; East Siberian Sea; Eastern Atlantic: Barents Sea, Spitsbergen to Bay of Biscay, around Iceland. Western Atlantic: southwest Greenland, Hudson Strait to North Carolina, although rare at the extremes of the range. Migrations for spawning are known to occur. Also long-dis; Eastern Atlantic: Barents Sea, Spitsbergen to Bay of Biscay, around Iceland. Western Atlantic: southwest Greenland, Hudson Strait to North Carolina, although rare at the extremes of the range. Migrations for spawning are known to occur. Also long-distance north-south migrations for Europe and the US.; Faeroe Islands; Faroe Plateau; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greenland; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Isle of Man; Laptev Sea; Latvia; Lithuania; Netherlands; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; North Sea; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Penobscot Bay; Russian Federation; Scotian Shelf; Svalbard and Jan Mayen; Sweden; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom; West Greenland Shelf;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 4Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 6Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000) 7PRELIMINARY REPORT FROM A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE DIET OF FOUR GADOID FISHES IN A FJORD OF WESTERN NORWAY, A.G. Vea Salvanes, International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, C.M. 1986/G: 71, Demersal Fish Committee 8CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 9The role of capelin (Mallotus villosus) in the foodweb of the Barents Sea, A. V. Dolgov, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59: 1034–1045. 2002 10Trophic ecology of blue whiting in the Barents Sea, Andrey V. Dolgov, Edda Johannesen, Mikko Heino, and Erik Olsen, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 67: 483–493 11Feeding ecology of sympatric European shags Phalacrocorax aristotelis and great cormorants P. carbo in Iceland, Kristjan Lilliendahl, Jon Solmundsson, Marine Biology (2006) 149: 979–990 12Annual Variation in Diet of Breeding Great Cormorants: Does it Reflect Varying Recruitment of Gadoids?, SVEIN-HÅKON LORENTSEN, DAVID GRÉMILLET AND GEIR HÅVARD NYMOEN, Waterbirds 27(2): 161-169, 2004 13THE DIET OF HARBOUR PORPOISE (PHOCOENA PHOCOENA) IN THE NORTHEAST ATLANTIC, M. B. SANTOS & G. J. PIERCE, Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review 2003, 41, 355–390 14Predator-Prey Relationships and Food Sources of the Skagerrak Deep-Water Fish Assemblage, O. A. Bergstad, Å. D. Wik and Ø. Hildre, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 31, 2003, pp. 165-180 15Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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