Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Pomacanthidae > Pomacanthus > Pomacanthus paru
 

Pomacanthus paru (French angelfish; French angel; Angelfish)

Synonyms: Chaetodon aureus; Chaetodon paru; Pomacanthus aureus
Language: Danish; French; German; Japanese; Papiamento; Polish; Portuguese; Spanish; Swedish; Wayuu

Wikipedia Abstract

The French angelfish, Pomacanthus paru, is a large angelfish of the family Pomacanthidae, found in the western Atlantic from New York and the Bahamas to Brazil, and also the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean, including the Antilles, Roatan, and the eastern Atlantic from around Ascension Island and St. Paul's Rocks, at depths of between 2 and 100 m. Length is up to 41 cm. The French angelfish is common in shallow reefs, occurs usually in pairs often near sea fans.
View Wikipedia Record: Pomacanthus paru

Attributes

Water Biome [1]  Reef

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve VI 358906 Mexico    
Cayos Cochinos Archipelago National Park Natural Marine Monument   Honduras  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Isla Mujeres, Punta Cancun y Punta Nizuc National Park II 21428 Quintana Roo, Mexico    
Parque Marino Nacional Sistema Arrecifal Veracruzano National Park II 129688 Mexico      
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Saba Marine Park National Marine Park II 5573 Netherlands Antilles  
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      

Prey / Diet

Agelas dispar[2]
Aiolochroia crassa[3]
Amphimedon compressa (Red Finger Sponge)[3]
Amphimedon erina[2]
Aplysina cauliformis[2]
Aplysina fistularis (Yellow tube sponge)[2]
Aplysina fulva[2]
Aplysina lacunosa (Giant tube sponge)[2]
Ascidia nigra (Black sea squirt)[4]
Callyspongia armigera[5]
Callyspongia vaginalis[5]
Cervicornia cuspidifera[2]
Chondrilla nucula (Chicken liver sponge)[5]
Chondrosia collectrix[5]
Clathrina coriacea (white clathrina)[2]
Cliona varians[3]
Cribrochalina dura[2]
Cribrochalina vasculum[2]
Desmacella meliorata[3]
Dictyonella arenosa[2]
Dictyonella funicularis[2]
Dysidea janiae[2]
Ectyoplasia ferox[2]
Gelliodes ramosa[5]
Geodia neptuni[2]
Geodia papyracea[2]
Gorgonia flabellum (venus sea fan)[4]
Hyrtios violaceus[2]
Igernella notabilis[2]
Iotrochota birotulata (Black bush sponge)[3]
Ircinia campana (Stinking vase sponge)[2]
Ircinia felix (Stinking vase sponge)[2]
Isaurus duchassaingi[2]
Isaurus tuberculatus[2]
Mycale laxissima[2]
Myrmekioderma rea[3]
Neofibularia nolitangere (Touch-me-not sponge)[5]
Neopetrosia rosariensis[2]
Neopetrosia subtriangularis[2]
Palythoa mammillosa (knobby zoanthid)[2]
Palythoa variabilis (Brown colonial anemone)[2]
Parazoanthus parasiticus (Yellow colonial anemone)[2]
Parazoanthus swiftii (Brown colonial anemone)[2]
Parazoanthus tunicans[2]
Petrosia pellasarca[2]
Plakortis angulospiculatus[3]
Smenospongia aurea[2]
Spheciospongia vesparium (Common loggerhead sponge)[5]
Spirastrella coccinea[5]
Strongylacidon griseum[5]
Tectitethya crypta[2]
Tedania ignis (Fire sponge)[5]
Verongula gigantea (Giant bowl sponge)[2]
Verongula reiswigi[2]
Verongula rigida[2]
Xestospongia muta (giant barrel sponge)[2]
Xestospongia portoricensis[2]
Zoanthus pulchellus (Mat anemone)[2]
Zoanthus sociatus (Green sea mat)[4]
Zoanthus solanderi (Green colonial anemone)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Abudefduf saxatilis (Sergeant-major)1
Abudefduf taurus (Pilotfish)1
Acanthostracion quadricornis (Trunkfish)1
Cantherhines macrocerus (Whitespotted filefish)3
Cantherhines pullus (Tobaccofish)3
Chaetodon capistratus (School mistress)1
Chelonia mydas (Green Turtle)1
Eretmochelys imbricata (Hawksbill)2
Holacanthus ciliaris (Yellow angelfish)4
Holacanthus passer (whitestripe angelfish)1
Holacanthus tricolor (Yellow nanny)10
Pomacanthus arcuatus (Pot cover)11
Pomacanthus zonipectus (Cortez angelfish)1

Predators

Carcharhinus perezii (Caribbean reef shark)[2]
Scomberomorus cavalla (Spanish mackerel)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Antorchis urna[6]
Cleptodiscus reticulatus[2]
Faustula keksooni <Unverified Name>[6]
Neobenedenia melleni[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Acquario di Genova
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Cameron Park Zoo
Florida Aquarium
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Louisville Zoological Garden
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Randers Regnskov
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rotterdam Zoo
West Edmonton Mall Marine Life Center
Wonders of Wildlife Museum

Distribution

Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Ascension Island; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Bermuda; Brazil; Caribbean Sea; Cayman Islands; Colombia; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Discovery Bay; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; French Guiana; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Gulf of Mexico; Guyana; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Mexico; Montserrat; Nicaragua; North Brazil Shelf; Panama; Puerto Rico; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Paul's Rocks; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; South Brazil Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Is.; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Venezuela; Virgin Islands (UK); Western Atlantic: Florida, USA and Bahamas to Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean (Ref. 26938). Eastern Atlantic: off Ascension Island (Ref. 7379) and St. Paul's Rocks (Ref. 13121).;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3The feeding ecology of three species of Caribbean angelfishes (family Pomacanthidae), Thomas F. Hourigan, Frank G. Stanton, Phillip J. Motta, Christopher D. Kelley & Bruce Carlson, Environmental Biology of Fishes Vol. 24. No. 2. pp. 105-116. 1989
4Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967)
5Sponge-feeding fishes of the West Indies, J. E. Randall and W. D. Hartman, Marine Biol. 1, 216-225 (1968)
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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