Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Gobiidae > Pomatoschistus > Pomatoschistus minutus
 

Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby; Sand goby; Common goby; Goby)

Synonyms: Gobius cobitiformis; Gobius ekstromii; Gobius minutus; Gobius minutus guitelli; Gobius minutus major; Gobius taalmankipii; Gobius unipunctatus; Pomatoschistus minutus minutus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The sand goby (Pomatoschistus minutus), also known as a polewig or pollybait, is a species of ray-finned fish native to marine and brackish waters European waters from the Baltic Sea through the Mediterranean Sea and into the Black Sea where it occurs in sandy or muddy areas of inshore waters at depths of from 4 to 200 metres (13 to 656 ft). This species can reach a length of 11 centimetres (4.3 in) TL. This species is sometimes kept in public aquariums.
View Wikipedia Record: Pomatoschistus minutus

Attributes

Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [3]  1 year
Maximum Longevity [1]  3 years
Migration [2]  Oceanodromous

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ascrib, Isay and Dunvegan 6388 Scotland, United Kingdom
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Braunton Burrows 3328 England, United Kingdom
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Chesil and the Fleet 4032 England, United Kingdom
Clogwyni Pen Llyn/ Seacliffs of Lleyn 2591 Wales, United Kingdom
Eileanan agus Sgeiran Lios mór 2816 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Essex Estuaries 114016 England, United Kingdom
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Firth of Lorn 51830 Scotland, United Kingdom
Flamborough Head 15597 England, United Kingdom  
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Loch Creran 3030 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Loch Laxford 3018 Scotland, United Kingdom
Loch nam Madadh 5734 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lochs Duich, Long and Alsh Reefs 5883 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lundy 7573 England, United Kingdom  
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Mousa 1311 Scotland, United Kingdom
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
Papa Stour 5132 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Ronas Hill – North Roe 12110 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Ruegen   Germany      
Sanday 27112 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
Sound of Arisaig (Loch Ailort to Loch Ceann Traigh) 11260 Scotland, United Kingdom
South Hams 320 England, United Kingdom  
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Sullom Voe 6668 Scotland, United Kingdom
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
Taynish and Knapdale Woods 2388 Scotland, United Kingdom
The Vadills 154 Scotland, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tintagel–Marsland–Clovelly Coast 6004 England, United Kingdom  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Wolin i Uznam 76089 Poland    
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  
Zatoka Pucka i Pólwysep Helski 66334 Poland    

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Acartia clausi[4]
Atylus swammerdami[5]
Bathyporeia pelagica[4]
Capitella capitata (Threadworm)[5]
Carcinus maenas (green crab)[4]
Corophium volutator (mud shrimp)[6]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[7]
Eurytemora affinis[4]
Eurytemora velox[4]
Fenestraria rhopalophylla (babies toes)[4]
Gammarus crinicornis[5]
Gammarus locusta[4]
Gastrosaccus spinifer[5]
Hediste diversicolor (veelkleurige zeeduizendpoot)[4]
Heteromastus filiformis (draadworm)[6]
Jaera albifrons[4]
Lagis koreni (Köcherwurm)[5]
Lamprops fasciatus[4]
Lanice conchilega (schelpkokerworm)[5]
Longipedia coronata[4]
Maera grossimana[5]
Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill)[6]
Mesopodopsis slabberi[8]
Mytilus edulis (Blue mussel)[4]
Neomysis integer[8]
Oithona similis[4]
Pandalus montagui (Aesop shrimp)[4]
Paracalanus parvus[4]
Pariambus typicus[5]
Peringia ulvae (Laver spire shell)[4]
Philocheras trispinosus[5]
Polydora hoplura[4]
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)[4]
Praunus flexuosus (chameleon shrimp)[4]
Pseudocalanus elongatus[4]
Pygospio elegans[6]
Rhopalophthalmus mediterraneus[4]
Schistomysis ornata[4]
Schistomysis spiritus[5]
Scoloplos armiger (wapenworm)[6]
Temora longicornis[5]
Tharyx killariensis[6]
Tubificoides benedii[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)1
Alosa sapidissima (American shad)1
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)1
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)1
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)2
Aphia minuta (Transparent goby)1
Argentina silus (Atlantic argentine)1
Arnoglossus laterna (Scald-fish)1
Atherina boyeri (Big-scale sand smelt)1
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)1
Bothus podas (Wide-eyed flounder)1
Brosme brosme (Tusk)1
Calidris alpina (Dunlin)3
Calidris minutilla (Least Sandpiper)1
Calidris pusilla (Semipalmated Sandpiper)1
Carcinus maenas (green crab)3
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)1
Cepola macrophthalma (Red bandfish)1
Cetorhinus maximus (Sun-fish)1
Clupea harengus (Yawling)2
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)2
Ctenolabrus rupestris (Rock cook)1
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)1
Dicentrarchus labrax (White salmon)1
Echiichthys vipera (Lesser weever)1
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)1
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)1
Gadus morhua (rock cod)2
Galeus melastomus (Black-mouth catshark)1
Haematopus ostralegus (Eurasian Oystercatcher)1
Hediste diversicolor (veelkleurige zeeduizendpoot)1
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)2
Larus canus (Mew Gull)1
Lepidorhombus boscii (Whiff)1
Limanda limanda (Sand dab)1
Limosa lapponica (Bar-tailed Godwit)2
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)1
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)1
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)3
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)1
Mullus barbatus (red mullet)2
Mullus surmuletus (Red mullet)1
Myoxocephalus scorpius (Short-spined sea scorpion)1
Nezumia bairdii (Marlin-spike grenadier)1
Numenius arquata (Eurasian Curlew)1
Oceanodroma leucorhoa (Leach's Storm-Petrel)1
Octopus vulgaris (common octopus)1
Pagellus acarne (Spanish seabream)1
Phycis chesteri (Longfin hake)1
Platalea leucorodia (Eurasian Spoonbill)1
Platichthys flesus (North Atlantic flounder)1
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)4
Pluvialis squatarola (Grey Plover)1
Pollachius virens (Sillock)1
Pomadasys incisus (Bastard grunt)1
Pomatoschistus lozanoi (Lozano's goby)4
Pomatoschistus microps (Common goby)7
Raja brachyura (Blond ray)1
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)1
Raja undulata (Painted ray)1
Recurvirostra avosetta (Pied Avocet)1
Rhinobatos rhinobatos (Mediterranean longnose)1
Scomber scombrus (Split)1
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)1
Scorpaena porcus (Black scorpion fish)1
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)1
Scyliorhinus retifer (Chain dogfish)1
Sebastes fasciatus (Acadian redfish)1
Somateria mollissima (Common Eider)1
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)1
Symphurus jenynsi (Jenyn's tonguefish)1
Tadorna tadorna (Common Shelduck)1
Trisopterus luscus (Whiting-pout)2
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)1
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)1

Predators

Alosa fallax (Twaite shad)[4]
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[4]
Anguilla anguilla (River eel)[4]
Chelidonichthys cuculus (cockoo gurnard)[4]
Chelidonichthys lucerna (Sapphirine gurnard)[4]
Ciliata mustela (Rockling)[4]
Cryptocotyle lingua[4]
Ctenolabrus rupestris (Rock cook)[9]
Echiichthys vipera (Lesser weever)[4]
Enchelyopus cimbrius (Rockling)[4]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[4]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[10]
Galeorhinus galeus (Vitamin shark)[4]
Gobius niger (Black goby)[9]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[4]
Lecithaster gibbosus[4]
Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis (whiff)[4]
Limanda limanda (Sand dab)[4]
Loligo forbesii (Veined Squid)[11]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[4]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[6]
Myoxocephalus scorpius (Short-spined sea scorpion)[4]
Necora puber (velvet crab)[12]
Perca fluviatilis (River perch)[4]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[4]
Platichthys flesus (North Atlantic flounder)[4]
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)[4]
Podocotyle staffordi[4]
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)[10]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[10]
Pomatoschistus lozanoi (Lozano's goby)[5]
Pomatoschistus microps (Common goby)[4]
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)[4]
Raja clavata (Roker)[13]
Raja undulata (Painted ray)[14]
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)[4]
Sander lucioperca (Pike-perch)[4]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[4]
Scophthalmus rhombus (Flounder)[4]
Solea solea (True sole)[4]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[4]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[4]
Trisopterus capelanus (Poor cod)[10]
Trisopterus luscus (Whiting-pout)[4]
Trisopterus minutus (poor cod)[4]
Zeus faber (European john dory)[4]

Providers

Mutual (symbiont) 
Gymnophallus choledochus[4]
Gymnophallus somateriae[4]
Himasthla continua[4]
Himasthla elongata[4]
Lacunovermis macomae[4]
Levinseniella brachysoma[4]
Maritrema subdolum[4]
Monorchis parvus[4]
Parvatrema minutum[4]
Profilicollis botulus[4]
Psilostomum brevicolle[4]
Renicola roscovita[4]
Sacculina carcini[4]
Parasite of 
Acanthostomum balthicum[4]
Anisakis simplex[4]
Asymphylodora demeli[4]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[4]
Bucephalus minimus[4]
Bunodera luciopercae[4]
Cleidodiscus capax[4]
Clinostomum marginatum[4]
Cryptocotyle concava[4]
Cryptocotyle jejuna[4]
Cryptocotyle lingua[4]
Derogenes varicus[4]
Diphyllobothrium latum[4]
Diplostomum spathaceum[4]
Gyrodactylus arcuatus[4]
Gyrodactylus bubyri[4]
Gyrodactylus gondae[4]
Gyrodactylus micropsi[4]
Gyrodactylus rugiensis[4]
Gyrodactylus rugiensoides[4]
Hemiurus communis[4]
Lecithaster gibbosus[4]
Lecithochirium musculus[4]
Leptorhynchoides thecatus[4]
Macvicaria alacris[4]
Microphallus primas[4]
Podocotyle atomon[4]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[4]
Proteocephalus percae[4]
Schistocephalus solidus[4]
Steringotrema pagelli[4]
Tylodelphys podicipina[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus anguillae[15]
Acanthostomum balthicum[15]
Anisakis simplex[15]
Aphalloides timmi <Unverified Name>[15]
Ascarophis arctica <Unverified Name>[15]
Asymphylodora demeli[15]
Bothriocephalus gregarius <Unverified Name>[15]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[15]
Brachyphallus crenatus[15]
Brachyphallus musculus <Unverified Name>[15]
Bucephalus minimus[15]
Bunodera luciopercae[15]
Camallanus lacustris[15]
Cosmocephalus obvelatus <Unverified Name>[15]
Cryptocotyle concava[15]
Cryptocotyle lingua[15]
Cucullanus cirratus <Unverified Name>[15]
Cucullanus heterochrous <Unverified Name>[15]
Cucullanus minutus <Unverified Name>[15]
Derogenes varicus[15]
Dichelyne minutus <Unverified Name>[15]
Diphyllobothrium latum[15]
Diplostomum spathaceum[15]
Echinorhynchus gadi[15]
Gyrodactylus arcuatus[15]
Gyrodactylus bubyri[15]
Gyrodactylus gondae[15]
Gyrodactylus micropsi[15]
Gyrodactylus rugiensis[15]
Gyrodactylus rugiensoides[15]
Hemiurus communis[15]
Hysterothylacium auctum <Unverified Name>[15]
Lecithaster gibbosus[15]
Microphallus primas[15]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[15]
Plagioporus alacer <Unverified Name>[15]
Podocotyle atomon[15]
Polymorphus minutus[15]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[15]
Proteocephalus gobiorum <Unverified Name>[15]
Proteocephalus percae[15]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[15]
Schistocephalus solidus[15]
Steringotrema pagelli[15]
Tylodelphys podicipina[15]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
London Aquarium
Oresundsakvariet (Oresund Aquarium)
Rotterdam Zoo
Universeum Science Center
Zoological Society of London

Distribution

Aegean Sea; Albania; Algeria; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Black Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Cantabrian Sea; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Croatia; Denmark; Eastern Atlantic: from Norway to Spain (Ref. 51442); also Mediterranean Sea (Ref. 51442) and Black Sea, but probably not throughout. <i>Pomatoschistus minutus elongatus</i> exists in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.; England and Wales (UK); Estonia; Faroe Plateau; Finland; France; Galician Shelf; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greece; Iberian Coastal; Ireland; Isle of Man; Italy; Latvia; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Lithuania; Malta; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Morocco; Netherlands; North Sea; Northern Ireland; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Poland; Portugal; Russian Federation; Scotland (UK); Sea of Azov; Sea of Marmara; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Tunisia; Turkey; Ukraine; United Kingdom;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5The food of Pomatoschistus minutus (Pisces, Gobiidae) in Belgian coastal waters, and a comparison with the food of its potential competitor P. lozanoi, O. Hamerlynck and A. Cattrusse, Journal of Fish Biology (1994) 44, 753-771 6Energy flow of a boreal intertidal ecosystem, the Sylt-Rømø Bight, Dan Baird, Harald Asmus, Ragnhild Asmus, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 279: 45–61, 2004 7Trophodynamics in a Shallow Lagoon off Northwestern Europe (Culbin Sands, Moray Firth): Spatial and Temporal Variability of Epibenthic Communities, Their Diets, and Consumption Efficiency, Vanda Mariyam Mendonça, David George Raffaelli, Peter R. Boyle, and Chas Emes, Zoological Studies 48(2): 196-214 (2009) 8The mysid-feeding guild of demersal fishes in the brackish zone of the Westerschelde estuary, K. Hostens and J. Mees, Journal of Fish Biology (1999) 55, 704-719 9Dietary composition and the potential of food competition between 0-group cod (Gadus morhua L.) and some other fish species in the littoral zone, Karen Fjøsne and Jakob Gjøsæter, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 53: 757–770. 1996 10PRELIMINARY REPORT FROM A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE DIET OF FOUR GADOID FISHES IN A FJORD OF WESTERN NORWAY, A.G. Vea Salvanes, International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, C.M. 1986/G: 71, Demersal Fish Committee 11CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 12Feeding ecology of the velvet swimming crab Necora puber in mussel raft areas of the Ria de Arousa (Galicia,NW Spain), Juan Freire, Eduardo González-Gurriarán, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 119: 139-154, 1995 13Diet comparison of four ray species (Raja clavata, Raja brachyura, Raja montagui and Leucoraja naevus) caught along the Portuguese continental shelf, Inês Farias, Ivone Figueiredo, Teresa Moura, Leonel Serrano Gordo, Ana Neves and Bárbara Serra-Pereira, Aquat. Living Resour. 19, 105–114 (2006) 14Ontogenetic dietary shift and feeding strategy of Raja undulata Lacepe&#768;de, 1802 (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae) on the Portuguese continental shelf, Teresa Moura, Ivone FigueIredo, Inês Farias, Bárbara Serra-Pereira, Ana Neves, Maria de Fátima Borges and Leonel Serrano Gordo, Scientia Marina 72(2) June 2008, 311-318 15Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
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