Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Scorpaeniformes > Triglidae > Prionotus > Prionotus carolinus
 

Prionotus carolinus (Searobin; Northern searobin)

Synonyms: Prionotus affinis; Prionotus palmipes; Prionotus pileatus; Trigla carolina; Trigla palmipes
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Wikipedia Abstract

Prionotus carolinus, commonly known as the northern sea robin, common sea robin or gurnard, is a species of ray-finned fish found in shallow water on the east coast of the United States.
View Wikipedia Record: Prionotus carolinus

Attributes

Water Biome [1]  Coastal

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States

Prey / Diet

Ameritella agilis (northern dwarf tellin)[2]
Cancer irroratus (rock crab)[3]
Cancer plebejus (Atlantic rock crab)[2]
Crangon septemspinosa (sevenspine bay shrimp)[4]
Gammarus lawrencianus[4]
Neomysis americana (Mysid shrimp)[4]
Oxyurostylis smithi[2]
Rhepoxynius epistomus[3]
Unciola irrorata[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa mediocris (Hickory shad)1
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)1
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)2
Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)1
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)1
Brevoortia aurea (Brazilian menhaden)1
Brevoortia tyrannus (Shad)1
Brosme brosme (Tusk)1
Calamus leucosteus (Whitebone porgy)1
Carcharhinus obscurus (Whaler shark)1
Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)1
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)3
Citharichthys arctifrons (Gulf Stream flounder)1
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)1
Coelorinchus caelorhincus (Saddled grenadier)1
Cynoscion regalis (Weakfish)3
Cynoscion striatus (Striped weakfish)1
Dasyatis say (Say's stingray)1
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)1
Dipturus laevis (Barndoor skate)1
Fundulus heteroclitus (mummichog)1
Gadus morhua (rock cod)1
Haemulon aurolineatum (Seize)1
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)3
Larimus fasciatus (Banded drum)1
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)3
Lepidochelys kempii (Atlantic Ridley, Kemp’s Ridley Seaturtle)1
Lepophidium profundorum (Fawn cusk-eel)2
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)4
Leucoraja garmani (Freckled skate)2
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)2
Limanda ferruginea (rusty flounder)2
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)3
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)1
Menticirrhus americanus (Woundhead)1
Menticirrhus saxatilis (Northern kingfish)3
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)3
Micropogonias furnieri (Whitemouth drummer)1
Morone americana (Wreckfish)2
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)1
Mustelus canis (Dogfish)2
Mycteroperca microlepis (Velvet rockfish)1
Myliobatis freminvillei (Blue-nosed ray)1
Myoxocephalus aenaeus (Little sculpin)3
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)2
Ophichthus cruentifer (Snake eel)1
Ophidion marginatum (Striped cusk-eel)1
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)2
Paralichthys orbignyanus1
Peristedion miniatum (Armored searobin)2
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)2
Prionotus evolans (Striped searobin)3
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)6
Raja eglanteria (Clearnose skate)2
Rhomboplites aurorubens (Vermillion snapper)1
Scomber scombrus (Split)1
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)3
Scyliorhinus retifer (Chain dogfish)1
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)4
Syngnathus fuscus (Northern pipefish)1
Tautoga onitis (Tautog)1
Tautogolabrus adspersus (Sea perch)1
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)4
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)5
Zoarces americanus (Ocean pout)1

Predators

Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark)[5]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[3]
Squatina dumeril (Atlantic angelshark)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Grillotia erinaceus[6]
Orbocotyle prionoti[6]

Distribution

Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Canada; Laguna de Términos; Mexico; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Scotian Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Trinidad and Tobago; USA (contiguous states); Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia in Canada to central Florida in USA. Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 26938).;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000)
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4 Steimle FW, Pikanowski RA, McMillan DG, Zetlin CA, Wilk SJ. 2000. Demersal Fish and American Lobster Diets in the Lower Hudson - Raritan Estuary. US Dep Commer, NOAA Tech Memo NMFS NE 161; 106 p.
5DIET OF THE SANDBAR SHARK, CARCHARHINUS PLUMBEUS, IN CHESAPEAKE BAY AND ADJACENT WATERS, Julia K. Ellis, Masters Thesis, The College of William and Mary, 2003
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access