Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Sphyraenidae > Sphyraena > Sphyraena barracuda
 

Sphyraena barracuda (Striped seapike; Short barracuda; Great barracuda; Great barra cuda; Commerson's sea pike; Barracuda; Barra)

Synonyms: Esox barracuda; Sphyraena becuna; Sphyraena commersoni; Sphyraena commersonii; Sphyraena dussumieri; Sphyraena picuda; Sphyraena sphyraena picuda
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Wikipedia Abstract

The great barracuda (Sphyraena barracuda) also known as the giant barracuda, is a species of barracuda found in subtropical oceans around the world. It often grows to over 6 feet (1.8 m) long and is a type of ray-finned fish.
View Wikipedia Record: Sphyraena barracuda

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  52.91 lbs (24.00 kg)
Female Maturity [3]  4 years
Male Maturity [2]  2 years
Maximum Longevity [3]  14 years
Water Biome [1]  Reef, Coastal

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Cuba - Cayman Islands Cayman Islands, Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    
Florida Peninsula United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    
Windward & Leeward Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    
Yucatan Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve VI 358906 Mexico    
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Cayos Cochinos Archipelago National Park Natural Marine Monument   Honduras  
Christmas Island National Park II 21698 Christmas Island, Australia
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Isla Mujeres, Punta Cancun y Punta Nizuc National Park II 21428 Quintana Roo, Mexico    
Parque Marino Nacional Sistema Arrecifal Veracruzano National Park II 129688 Mexico      
Pulu Keeling National Park II 6469 Cocos (Keeling) Islands    
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      
Shipstern Nature Reserve IV 20453 Belize
Shoalwater and Corio Bays Area Ramsar Site   Queensland, Australia

Prey / Diet

Ablennes hians (Stickfish)[4]
Abudefduf saxatilis (Sergeant-major)[5]
Abylopsis tetragona[5]
Acanthurus bahianus (Shitty trooper)[4]
Acanthurus chirurgus (Doctorfish)[5]
Acanthurus coeruleus (Yellow doctorfish)[5]
Acartia lilljeborgii[5]
Acartia spinata[5]
Acartia tonsa[5]
Archosargus probatocephalus (Southern sheeps head)[5]
Atherinomorus stipes (Hardhead silversides)[5]
Brachyscelus crusculum[5]
Canthigaster rostrata (Sharpnose pufferfish)[4]
Caranx crysos (Yellow tail cavalli)[4]
Caranx latus (Yellowjack)[5]
Caranx ruber (Bar jack)[5]
Centropages furcatus[5]
Chromis cyanea (Blue chromis)[5]
Chromis multilineata (Yellow-edge chromis)[5]
Clepticus parrae (Sorrel chub)[5]
Corycaeus amazonicus[5]
Corycaeus subulatus[5]
Decapterus punctatus (Summer stonebrass)[5]
Diodon holocanthus (Ajargo)[5]
Diodon hystrix (Ajargo)[5]
Diphyes bojani[5]
Echidna catenata (Little banded eel)[4]
Euchaeta marina[5]
Eucinostomus gula (Silver mojarra)[5]
Eudoxoides spiralis[5]
Eurydice littoralis[5]
Euterpina acutifrons[5]
Farranula gracilis[5]
Flaccisagitta enflata[5]
Fritillaria haplostoma[5]
Glossocephalus milneedwardsi[5]
Gramma loreto (Fairy basslet)[5]
Gramma melacara (Blackcap Basslet)[5]
Harengula clupeola (Sardine)[4]
Harengula humeralis (Yellowbill sprat)[5]
Hypoatherina harringtonensis (Slender silverside)[5]
Jenkinsia lamprotaenia (Sweethead fry)[5]
Krohnitta subtilis[5]
Kyphosus incisor (Yellow sea chub)[5]
Kyphosus sectatrix (Rudderfish)[5]
Labidocera acutifrons[5]
Lensia subtiloides[5]
Lestrigonus bengalensis[5]
Menidia beryllina (Waxen silverside)[5]
Microsetella rosea[5]
Octopus briareus (Caribbean reef octopus)[5]
Octopus vulgaris (common octopus)[5]
Ocyurus chrysurus (Yellowtail snapper)[4]
Oikopleura dioica[5]
Oikopleura longicauda[5]
Oithona colcarva[5]
Oithona nana[5]
Oithona oculata[5]
Oithona plumifera[5]
Oithona simplex[5]
Oncaea mediterranea[5]
Oncaea venusta[5]
Opisthonema oglinum (Atlantic thread herring)[5]
Opistognathus aurifrons (Yellowhead jawfish)[5]
Paracalanus aculeatus[5]
Paracalanus crassirostris[5]
Paracalanus parvus[5]
Penilia avirostris[5]
Platybelone argalus (keeltail needlefish)[5]
Scarus guacamaia (Blue rainbow)[5]
Scarus iseri (Striped parrotfish)[5]
Selar crumenophthalmus (Steenbrass)[5]
Serratosagitta serratodentata[5]
Sparisoma aurofrenatum (Black parrot)[5]
Sparisoma chrysopterum (Redtail parrotfish)[5]
Sparisoma rubripinne (Yellowtail parrotfish)[5]
Sparisoma viride (Stoplight parrotfish)[5]
Sphyraena picudilla (Southern sennet)[4]
Spratelloides delicatulus (White bait)[6]
Synodus intermedius (Sand diver)[5]
Synodus myops (Striped lizardfish)[4]
Undinula vulgaris[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthocybium solandri (Wahoo fish)1
Anous minutus (Black Noddy)2
Carangoides bartholomaei (Yellowjack)1
Carangoides plagiotaenia (Barcheek kingfish)1
Caranx ignobilis (Yellow-fin trevally)1
Caranx melampygus (black ulua)1
Caranx ruber (Bar jack)1
Cephaloscyllium umbratile (Swell shark)1
Cheilodipterus artus (Arrow-tooth cardinal)1
Chirocentrus dorab (Dorab wolf-herring)1
Echeneis naucrates (White tailed remore)1
Epinephelus striatus (White grouper)1
Gnathanodon speciosus (yellow jack)1
Grammatorcynus bicarinatus (largescaled tunny)1
Grammatorcynus bilineatus (Shark mackerel)1
Lutjanus analis (Virgin snapper)1
Lutjanus bohar (twospot red snapper)1
Mycteroperca tigris (Tiger rockfish)1
Mycteroperca venenosa (Yellow-finned grouper)1
Neoniphon opercularis (blackfin soldier)1
Noctilio leporinus (greater bulldog bat)1
Rhizoprionodon lalandii (Sharpnose shark)1
Scomberoides lysan (White fish)1
Scomberomorus cavalla (Spanish mackerel)1
Sphyraena flavicauda (Shortjawed barracuda)1
Synodus foetens (Soapfish)1
Thunnus atlanticus (Deep-bodied tunny)1
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)1

Predators

Carcharhinus falciformis (Silky shark)[5]
Carcharhinus perezii (Caribbean reef shark)[5]
Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark)[5]
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)[5]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[5]
Lutjanus griseus (Snapper)[5]
Noctilio leporinus (greater bulldog bat)[7]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Bolbosoma vasculosum[8]
Bucephalopsis arcuata <Unverified Name>[8]
Bucephalopsis longicirrus <Unverified Name>[8]
Bucephalopsis longovifera[8]
Bucephalus carangoides[8]
Bucephalus kaku[8]
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[8]
Claribulla longula[8]
Corynosoma strumosum[8]
Cotyloatlantica pretiosa[8]
Deretrema sphyraena <Unverified Name>[8]
Didymocylindrus apharyngi <Unverified Name>[8]
Didymocystis pseudobranchialis <Unverified Name>[8]
Didymozoon apharyngi <Unverified Name>[8]
Hirudinella ventricosa[8]
Hysterothylacium marinum[8]
Opegaster hawaiiensis <Unverified Name>[8]
Otobothrium dipsacus[8]
Plerurus digitatus[8]
Plerurus sphyraenae <Unverified Name>[8]
Prosorhynchus longicollis[8]
Pseudochauhanea elegans[8]
Pseudochauhanea mexicana[8]
Pseudochauhanea sphyraenae[8]
Pseudolamellodiscus nossibei <Unverified Name>[8]
Pseudolamellodiscus sphyraenae <Unverified Name>[8]
Pseudotobothrium dipsacum[8]
Raphidascaris anchoviellae <Unverified Name>[8]
Rhinecotyle deloyai[8]
Stephanostomum gracile[8]
Stephanostomum imparispine[8]
Udonella caligorum[8]
Uterovesiculurus sphyraena <Unverified Name>[8]
Vallisiopsis sphyraenae[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Acquario di Genova
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
Florida Aquarium
John G. Shedd Aquarium

Distribution

Agulhas Current; American Samoa; Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Arabian Sea; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Australia; Bahamas; Barbados; Bay of Bengal; Belize; Bermuda; Brazil; Calamianes Islands; Calauag Bay; Cambodia; Canary Current; Caribbean Sea; Carigara Bay; Cayman Islands; Celestún Biosphere Reserve; Chagos Islands; China; Christmas Island (Aust.); Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Colombia; Cook Islands; Coral Sea and GBR; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Discovery Bay; Djibouti; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; Egypt; Fiji Islands; French Guiana; Gabon; Great Barrier Reef; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guam; Guatemala; Gulf of Aden; Gulf of Aqaba; Gulf of Mexico; Guyana; Haiti; Hawaii (USA); Honduras; Hong Kong; India; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Indian Ocean, Western; Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and east coast of Africa to Hawaii and the Marquesan and Tuamoto islands. Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (USA), Bermuda, and throughout the Caribbean Sea to Brazil (Ref. 9626). Eastern Atlantic: Sierra Leone, Côte d'Ivoire, Tog; Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and east coast of Africa to Hawaii and the Marquesan and Tuamoto islands. Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (USA), Bermuda, and throughout the Caribbean Sea to Brazil (Ref. 9626). Eastern Atlantic: Sierra Leone, Côte d'Ivoire, Togo, Nigeria, Senegal (Ref. 6949), Mauritania (Ref. 5377), St. Paul's Rocks (Ref. 13121), and São Tomé Island (Ref. 34088).; Indonesia; Indonesian Sea; Insular Pacific-Hawaiian; Jamaica; Japan; Jordan; Kenya; Kimbe Bay; Kuroshio Current; Lagonoy Gulf; Lingayen Gulf; Lord Howe Island; Madagascar; Madeira Islands; Malaysia; Maldives; Marquesas Islands; Marshall Islands; Martinique; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mexico; Micronesia,Fed.States of; Milne Bay; Montserrat; Mozambique; Myanmar; New Caledonia; Nicaragua; Niue; Norfolk Island; North Australian Shelf; North Brazil Shelf; North Marianas; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Ogasawara Islands; Oman; Ormoc Bay; Pacific Central-American Coastal; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Southwest; Pacific, Western Central; Pagbilao Bay; Pakistan; Palau; Panama; Papua New Guinea; Peng-hu Island; Persian Gulf; Philippines; Polynesian Waters; Puerto Rico; Ragay Gulf; Red Sea; Réunion; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Paul's Rocks; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; Samar Sea; Samoa; San Miguel Bay; San Pedro Bay; Sao Tomé and Principe; Sargasso Sea; Seychelles; Shiliao River; Sikao Creek; Sogod Bay; Somali Coastal Current; Somalia; South Africa; South Brazil Shelf; South China Sea; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Sulu-Celebes Sea; Suriname; Taiwan; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Thailand; Tonga; Trindade Island; Trinidad and Tobago; Tuamoto Islands; Tubbataha Reefs; Turks and Caicos Is.; Tuvalu; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Vanuatu; Venezuela; Viet Nam; Virgin Islands (UK); Wake Island; Yellow Sea; Yemen;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
4Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967)
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Predators of Tuna Baitfish and the Effects of Baitfishing on the Subsistence Reef Fisheries of Fiji, S.J.M. Blaber, D.A. Milton, N.J.F. Rawlinson and A. Sesewa, Tuna Baitfish in Fiji and Solomon Islands: proceedings of a workshop, Suva, Fiji, 17-18 August 1993. ACIAR Proceedings No. 52. p. 51-61
7Diet of the fishing bat Noctilio leporinus (Linnaeus) (Mammalia, Chiroptera) in a mangrove area of southern Brazil, Marcelo O. Bordignon, Rev. Bras. Zool. [online]. 2006, vol.23, n.1, pp. 256-260
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access