Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Clupeiformes > Clupeidae > Sprattus > Sprattus sprattus

Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait; Sprat; Baltic sprat; Russlet; Russian sardine; Garvie; Garvock; European sprat; Brisling)

Synonyms: Clupanodon phalerica; Clupea latulus; Clupea papalina; Clupea schoneveldii; Clupea sprattus; Clupea sprattus balticus; Clupea sulinae; Meletta vulgaris; Spratella pumila; Spratella serdinka; Spratella sprattus baltica; Sprattus sprattus balticus; Sprattus sprattus phalearicus; Sprattus sprattus phalerica; Sprattus sprattus phalericus; Sprattus sprattus sprattus; Spratus spratus
Language: Albanian; Bulgarian; Catalan; Croatian; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Estonian; Faroese; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Icelandic; Italian; Latvian; Lithuanian; Maltese; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Slovenian; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish

Wikipedia Abstract

The European sprat, Sprattus sprattus, also known as bristling, brisling or skipper, is a small, herring-like, marine fish. Found in European waters, it has silver grey scales and white-grey flesh. Specific seas in which the species occurs include the Irish Sea, Black Sea, Baltic Sea and Sea of the Hebrides. The fish is around 12% fat in its flesh and is a source of many vitamins.
View Wikipedia Record: Sprattus sprattus


Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [3]  2 years
Maximum Longevity [1]  6 years
Migration [2]  Oceanodromous
Speed [4]  0.56 MPH (.25 m/s)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Karadagskiy Zapovednik Nature Zapovednik 13876 Ukraine  
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Ruegen   Germany      
Saltfleetby–Theddlethorpe Dunes and Gibraltar Point 2373 England, United Kingdom  
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
The Broads 14554 England, United Kingdom  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  


Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)[5]
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)[6]
Hexanchus griseus (Bluntnose six-gill shark)[7]
Morus bassanus (Northern Gannet)[8]
Salmo salar (Atlantic salmon)[9]
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)[10]
Trachurus mediterraneus (Mediterranean scad)[11]
Uria aalge (Common Murre)[12]


Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[13]
Aphanurus stossichi[13]
Ascaris clupeae <Unverified Name>[13]
Ascaris gracilescens <Unverified Name>[13]
Brachyphallus crenatus[13]
Contracaecum osculatum[13]
Cosmocephalus obvelatus <Unverified Name>[13]
Cotylurus pileatus[13]
Cryptocotyle lingua[13]
Derogenes adriaticus[13]
Derogenes varicus[13]
Ectenurus virgulus[13]
Gyrodactylus harengi[13]
Hemiurus communis[13]
Hemiurus luehei[13]
Lecithaster confusus[13]
Lecithaster gibbosus[13]
Mazocraes heterocotyle <Unverified Name>[13]
Opechona bacillaris[13]
Pronoprymna ventricosum[13]
Pseudacanthocotyloides heterocotyle <Unverified Name>[13]
Pseudobacciger harengulae[13]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[13]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Stiftelsen Atlanterhavsparken


Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Baltic Sea; Estonia; Latvia; Northeast Atlantic: North Sea and Baltic south to Morocco; also the Mediterranean, Adriatic and Black seas.; Russian Federation;



Attributes / relations provided by 1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4"Pelagic Fishes and Their Macroplankton Prey: Swimming Speeds", Sergey M. Ignatyev, Proceedings • Forage Fishes in Marine Ecosystems, Alaska Sea Grant College Program, AK-SG-97-01, 1997, p. 31-39 5Diet of minke whales Balaenoptera acutorostrata in Scottish (UK) waters with notes on strandings of this species in Scotland 1992-2002, G.J. Pierce, M.B. Santos, R.J. Reid, I.A.P. Patterson and H.M. Ross, J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. (2004), 84, 1241-1244 6Intraspecific dietary variation in the short-beaked common dolphin Delphinus delphis in the Bay of Biscay: importance of fat fish, Laureline Meynier, Claire Pusineri, Jérôme Spitz, M. Begoña Santos, Graham J. Pierce, Vincent Ridoux, MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Vol. 354: 277–287, 2008 7BLUNTNOSE SIXGILL SHARK, HEXANCHUS GRISEUS (BONNATERRE, 1788), IN THE EASTERN NORTH SICILIAN WATERS, Antonio Celona, Alessandro De Maddalena, Teresa Romeo, Boll. Mus. civ. St. nat. Venezia, 56 (2005) p. 137-151 8Annual variation in diets, feeding locations and foraging behaviour of gannets in the North Sea: flexibility, consistency and constraint, K. C. Hamer, E. M. Humphreys, S. Garthe, J. Hennicke, G. Peters, D. Grémillet, R. A. Phillips, M. P. Harris, S. Wanless, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 338: 295–305, 2007 9Hansson, S., Karlsson, L., Ikonen, E., Christensen, O., Mitans, A., Uzars, D., Petersson, E. and Ragnarsson, B. (2001), "Stomach analyses of Baltic salmon from 1959–1962 and 1994–1997: possible relations between diet and yolk-sac-fry mortality (M74)". Journal of Fish Biology, 58: 1730–1745 10Feeding habits and trophic levels of Mediterranean fish, Konstantinos I. Stergiou & Vasiliki S. Karpouzi, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 11: 217–254, 2002 11Diet Composition of Horse Mackerel, Trachurus mediterraneus ponticus Aleev, 1956 (Osteichthyes: Carangidae) in the Bulgarian Black Sea Waters, Maria Hristova Yankova, Violin Stoyanov Raykov, Petya Bogomilova Frateva, Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 8: 321-327 (2008) 12Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979 13Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access