Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Carangidae > Trachurus > Trachurus trachurus
 

Trachurus trachurus (Scad; Pollock; Horse-mackerel; Horse mackerel; European horse mackerel; Common scad; Atlantic horse mackerel)

Synonyms: Branchialepes tabulae; Scomber trachurus; Trachurus capensis; Trachurus europaeus; Trachurus trachurus capensis; Trachurus vulgaris
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Wikipedia Abstract

The Atlantic horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus) is a species of jack mackerel in the family Carangidae. It gets its common name from the legend that other smaller species of fish could ride on its back over great distances.
View Wikipedia Record: Trachurus trachurus

Attributes

Migration [1]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany

Prey / Diet

Acartia clausi[2]
Acartia longiremis[2]
Acentrogobius moloanus (Barcheek Amoya)[2]
Ammodytes tobianus (lesser sand eel)[2]
Aphia minuta (Transparent goby)[2]
Atherina boyeri (Big-scale sand smelt)[3]
Boops boops (Bream)[3]
Buglossidium luteum (Yellow sole)[2]
Calanus finmarchicus[2]
Callionymus lyra (european dragonet)[2]
Carcinus maenas (green crab)[2]
Centropages typicus[2]
Chlorotocus crassicornis (green shrimp)[2]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[2]
Corycaeus anglicus[2]
Crystallogobius linearis (Crystal goby)[2]
Doryteuthis pleii (arrow squid)[2]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[2]
Euterpina acutifrons[2]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[2]
Fenestraria rhopalophylla (babies toes)[2]
Gadiculus argenteus (Silvery pout)[2]
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)[2]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[2]
Hippolyte zostericola (zostera shrimp)[2]
Limanda limanda (Sand dab)[2]
Macropipus tuberculatus (portunid crab)[2]
Maurolicus muelleri (Silvery lightfish)[2]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[2]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[2]
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)[2]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[2]
Microsetella norvegica[2]
Microstomus kitt (Sweet fluke)[2]
Myoxocephalus scorpius (Short-spined sea scorpion)[2]
Oithona helgolandica[2]
Oithona similis[2]
Ophiothrix fragilis (common brittlestar)[2]
Pagurus bernhardus (Bernhard's hermit crab)[2]
Pandalus montagui (Aesop shrimp)[2]
Paracalanus parvus[2]
Pasiphaea sivado (white glass shrimp)[2]
Phrynorhombus norvegicus (Norwegian topknot)[2]
Pleurobrachia pileus (Sea gooseberry)[2]
Pomatoschistus microps (Common goby)[2]
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)[2]
Pomatoschistus pictus (Painted goby)[2]
Pseudocalanus elongatus[2]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[2]
Scophthalmus maximus (Turbot)[2]
Sepiola atlantica (Atlantic Bobtail)[2]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[2]
Syngnathus acus (longnosed pipefish)[2]
Syngnathus rostellatus (Lesser pipefish)[2]
Temora longicornis[2]
Tisbe furcata[2]
Todaropsis eblanae (Lesser Flying Squid)[2]
Trachinus draco (Greater weever)[2]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[2]
Trisopterus esmarkii (Norway pout)[2]
Trisopterus luscus (Whiting-pout)[2]
Trisopterus minutus (poor cod)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)1
Seriola rivoliana (Pacific amberjack)1

Predators

Alopias vulpinus (Zorro thresher shark)[2]
Architeuthis dux (giant squid)[4]
Arctocephalus pusillus (Brown Fur Seal)[2]
Atractoscion aequidens (Trag)[2]
Balaenoptera edeni (Bryde's whale)[2]
Belone belone (Garfish)[2]
Calonectris diomedea (Cory's Shearwater)[2]
Centrophorus squamosus (Nilsons deepsea dogfish)[2]
Chelidonichthys lucerna (Sapphirine gurnard)[2]
Chlidonias albostriatus (Black-fronted Tern)[2]
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)[5]
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)[2]
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)[2]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[2]
Fregata minor (Great Frigatebird)[2]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[2]
Galeorhinus galeus (Vitamin shark)[2]
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)[2]
Gygis alba (White Tern)[2]
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)[2]
Hydroprogne caspia (Caspian Tern)[2]
Lagenorhynchus acutus (Atlantic White-sided Dolphin)[2]
Lagenorhynchus albirostris (White-beaked Dolphin)[6]
Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis (whiff)[2]
Leucocarbo chalconotus (bronze shag)[2]
Leucocarbo onslowi (Chatham Islands shag)[2]
Leucocarbo ranfurlyi (Bounty Islands shag)[2]
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)[2]
Loligo forbesii (Veined Squid)[4]
Loligo vulgaris (European Squid)[2]
Lophius budegassa (Blackbellied angler)[2]
Lophius piscatorius (Monkfish)[2]
Lutjanus campechanus (Red snapper)[2]
Makaira nigricans (Ocean guard)[7]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[2]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[2]
Merluccius capensis (Cape hake)[2]
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)[2]
Microcarbo coronatus (Crowned Cormorant)[2]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[2]
Morus serrator (Australasian Gannet)[2]
Mustelus punctulatus (Black spotted smooth hound)[8]
Onychoprion fuscatus (Sooty Tern)[2]
Papasula abbotti (Abbott's Booby)[2]
Pelecanus conspicillatus (Australian Pelican)[2]
Pelecanus thagus (Peruvian Pelican)[2]
Phaethon aethereus (Red-billed Tropicbird)[2]
Phaethon lepturus (White-tailed Tropicbird)[2]
Phaethon rubricauda (Red-tailed Tropicbird)[2]
Phalacrocorax capensis (Cape cormorant)[9]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[2]
Phalacrocorax featherstoni (Pitt Island shag)[2]
Phalacrocorax fuscescens (Black-faced Cormorant)[2]
Phalacrocorax harrisi (Flightless Cormorant)[2]
Phalacrocorax punctatus (spotted shag)[2]
Phalacrocorax sulcirostris (Little Black Cormorant)[2]
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)[2]
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)[2]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[2]
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)[2]
Procellaria aequinoctialis (White-chinned Petrel)[2]
Puffinus assimilis (Little Shearwater)[2]
Puffinus auricularis (Townsend's Shearwater)[2]
Puffinus carneipes (Flesh-footed Shearwater)[2]
Puffinus huttoni (Hutton's Shearwater)[2]
Puffinus lherminieri (Audubon's Shearwater)[2]
Puffinus pacificus (Wedge-tailed Shearwater)[2]
Raja brachyura (Blond ray)[10]
Raja clavata (Roker)[10]
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)[10]
Rhizoprionodon acutus (Yellow dog shark)[11]
Rostroraja alba (White skate)[2]
Sarda sarda (Stripe-backed pelamis)[2]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[2]
Scophthalmus maximus (Turbot)[2]
Scophthalmus rhombus (Flounder)[2]
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)[2]
Spheniscus demersus (Jackass Penguin)[2]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[2]
Sterna acuticauda (Black-bellied Tern)[2]
Sterna forsteri (Forster's Tern)[2]
Sternula albifrons (Little Tern)[2]
Sternula antillarum (Least Tern)[2]
Sternula lorata (Peruvian Tern)[2]
Sternula nereis (Fairy Tern)[2]
Sternula saundersi (Saunders's Tern)[2]
Sula dactylatra (Masked Booby)[2]
Sula granti (Nazca Booby)[2]
Sula leucogaster (Brown Booby)[2]
Sula nebouxii (Blue-footed Booby)[2]
Sula sula (Red-footed Booby)[2]
Thalassarche bulleri (Buller's Albatross)[2]
Thalassarche carteri (Indian Yellow-nosed Albatross)[2]
Thalassarche cauta (Shy Albatross)[2]
Thalassarche salvini (Salvin's Albatross)[2]
Thalasseus bengalensis (Lesser Crested Tern)[2]
Thalasseus bergii (Swift Tern)[2]
Thalasseus elegans (Elegant Tern)[2]
Thalasseus maximus (Royal Tern)[2]
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)[2]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[2]
Triakis megalopterus (Spotty)[2]
Trisopterus luscus (Whiting-pout)[2]
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)[2]
Uranoscopus scaber (Stargazer)[3]
Zeus faber (European john dory)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ancylocoelium typicum[12]
Anisakis pegreffii <Unverified Name>[12]
Anisakis physeteris <Unverified Name>[12]
Anisakis simplex[12]
Aphanurus stossichi[12]
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[12]
Cemocotyle trachuri[12]
Christianella minuta <Unverified Name>[12]
Contracaecum aduncum[12]
Corynosoma strumosum[12]
Cosmocephalus obvelatus <Unverified Name>[12]
Derogenes varicus[12]
Dionchus trachuri[12]
Ectenurus lepidus[12]
Ectenurus trachuri[12]
Ectenurus virgulus[12]
Gastrocotyle trachuri[12]
Grillotia erinaceus[12]
Grillotia minuta[12]
Haplocladus typicus <Unverified Name>[12]
Helicometra pulchella[12]
Hysterothylacium fabri <Unverified Name>[12]
Lacistorhynchus tenuis[12]
Lecithochirium musculus[12]
Lecithocladium angustiovum <Unverified Name>[12]
Lecithocladium excisum[12]
Lepocreadium pyriforme[12]
Longicollum pagrosomi[12]
Monascus filiformis[12]
Nybelinia lingualis[12]
Nybelinia sakanariae[12]
Paracuaria tridentata <Unverified Name>[12]
Prodistomum orientalis[12]
Prodistomum polonii[12]
Pseudaxine trachuri[12]
Pseudaxinoides vietnamensis[12]
Pseudopecoeloides carangis[12]
Pseudopecoeloides chloroscombri[12]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[12]
Rhadinorhynchus cadenati[12]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[12]
Tergestia acanthocephala[12]
Tergestia laticollis[12]
Tergestia pauca[12]
Tormopsolus carangi <Unverified Name>[12]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
London Aquarium
Oresundsakvariet (Oresund Aquarium)
Rotterdam Zoo
Universeum Science Center

Distribution

Mediterranean and eastern Atlantic: Norway to South Africa, round the coast to Maputo.;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 3Feeding habits and trophic levels of Mediterranean fish, Konstantinos I. Stergiou & Vasiliki S. Karpouzi, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 11: 217–254, 2002 4CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 5DIET AND FEEDING OF DOLPHIN (CORYPHAENA HIPPURUS) IN WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN WATERS, Enric Massutí, Salud Deudero, Pilar Sánchez and Beatriz Morales-Nin, BULLETIN OF MARINE SCIENCE, 63(2): 329–341, 1998 6Seasonal distribution of white-beaked dolphins (Lagenorhynchus albirostris) in UK waters with new information on diet and habitat use, Sarah J. Canning, M. Begoña Santos, Robert J. Reid, Peter G.H. Evans, Richard C. Sabin, Nick Bailey and Graham J. Pierce, Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 2008, 88(6), 1159–1166 7Diet of the blue marlin, Makaira nigricans, off the south coast of Portugal, Pedro Veiga, José Xavier, Carlos Assis and Karim Erzini 8Reproductive biology and diet of Mustelus punctulatus (Risso, 1826) (Chondrichthyes: Triakidae) from the Gulf of Gabe&#768;s, central Mediterranean Sea, Bechir Saïdi, Mohamed Nejmeddine Bradaï and Abderrahman Bouaïn, Scientia Marina 73(2) June 2009, 249-258, Barcelona (Spain) 9SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL PATTERNS OF DIET IN THE CAPE CORMORANT OFF SOUTHERN AFRICA, DAVID CAMERON DUFFY, RORY PAUL WILSON, AND MARIE PIERRE WILSON, The Condor 89:830-834 (1987) 10Diet comparison of four ray species (Raja clavata, Raja brachyura, Raja montagui and Leucoraja naevus) caught along the Portuguese continental shelf, Inês Farias, Ivone Figueiredo, Teresa Moura, Leonel Serrano Gordo, Ana Neves and Bárbara Serra-Pereira, Aquat. Living Resour. 19, 105–114 (2006) 11Food composition and distribution of elasmobranches on the shelf and upper slope of the Eastern Central Atlantic., Patokina F.A., Litvinov F.F., ICES CM 2005/N:26 12Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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