Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Cypriniformes > Cyprinidae > Leuciscus > Leuciscus idus

Leuciscus idus (Ide; Orfe; Silver orfe; Golden orfe; Geese)

Synonyms: Cyprinus idbarus; Cyprinus idus; Cyprinus jeses; Cyprinus microlepidotus; Cyprinus orfus; Cyprinus orphus; Idus idus; Idus melanotus; Idus miniatus; Idus oxianus; Leuciscus idus idus; Leuciscus idus lapponicus; Leuciscus idus oxianus; Leuciscus neglectus; Squalius oxianus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The ide (Leuciscus idus), or orfe is a freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae found across northern Europe and Asia. It occurs in larger rivers, ponds, and lakes, typically in schools. The name is from Swedish id, originally referring to its bright color (compare the German dialect word aitel 'a kind of bright fish' and Old High German eit 'funeral pyre, fire').The body has a typical cyprinid shape and generally silvery appearance, while the fins are a pinkish red in varying degrees.
View Wikipedia Record: Leuciscus idus

Invasive Species

Leuciscus idus (orfe) are a large-bodied freshwater fish native to Europe. They are valued as a sport fish in many countries and have been introduced to a number of locations for this purpose. Concerns have been raised about their potential to damage to native aquatic ecosystems but there seems to be a lack of information regarding any proven effects.
View ISSG Record: Leuciscus idus


Adult Weight [2]  4.85 lbs (2.20 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  5 years 6 months
Male Maturity [2]  5 years
Diet [3]  Carnivore
Adult Length [1]  30 inches (76 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Phytophils
Brood Guarder [1]  No
Litter Size [1]  114,000
Maximum Longevity [1]  30 years
Migration [3]  Potamodromous


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Chesapeake Bay United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Northeast US & Southeast Canada Atlantic Drainages Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Dolina Wieprzy i Studnicy 35457 Poland  
Drahendorfer Spreeniederung 1528 Germany  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Kivach Zapovednik IV 26885 Karelia, Russia
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Matheswall/Schmielensee 265 Germany  
Müggelspreeniederung 1558 Germany  
Neusiedler See-Osterreichischer Teil   Austria      
Oberlauf der Milz 158 Germany  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Reserve Srebarna Managed Reserve IV 2294 Bulgaria  
Ruegen   Germany      
Säveån, nedre delen 84 Sweden  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Stadthavel 639 Germany  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  

Prey / Diet

Alburnus alburnus (Bleak)[4]
Equisetum fluviatile (water horsetail)[5]
Potamogeton perfoliatus (claspingleaf pondweed)[5]
Rutilus rutilus (Roach)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Hydraecia micacea (potato stem worm)1
Liriomyza virgo1
Rutilus rutilus (Roach)1


Esox lucius (Jack)[4]


Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus anguillae[6]
Acanthocephalus clavula[6]
Acanthocephalus lucii[6]
Allocreadium isoporum <Unverified Name>[6]
Allocreadium transversale <Unverified Name>[6]
Anguillicola crassus <Unverified Name>[6]
Apharyngostrigea cornu <Unverified Name>[6]
Apophallus muehlingi[6]
Ascaris cuneiformis <Unverified Name>[6]
Ascaris leucisciidi <Unverified Name>[6]
Aspidogaster limacoides[6]
Asymphylodora markewitschi <Unverified Name>[6]
Asymphylodora tincae[6]
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi[6]
Bucephalus polymorphus[6]
Bunocotyle cingulata[6]
Bunodera luciopercae[6]
Camallanus lacustris[6]
Camallanus truncatus[6]
Capillaria brevispicula <Unverified Name>[6]
Capillaria tomentosa <Unverified Name>[6]
Caryophyllaeides fennica <Unverified Name>[6]
Caryophyllaeus brachycollis <Unverified Name>[6]
Caryophyllaeus laticeps <Unverified Name>[6]
Corynosoma strumosum[6]
Cotylurus pileatus[6]
Cotylurus platycephalus <Unverified Name>[6]
Cucullanus dogieli <Unverified Name>[6]
Cyathocephalus truncatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Cyathocotyle prussica <Unverified Name>[6]
Dactylogyrus alatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Dactylogyrus cordus <Unverified Name>[6]
Dactylogyrus crucifer[6]
Dactylogyrus fuhaiensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Dactylogyrus haplogonoides <Unverified Name>[6]
Dactylogyrus idus <Unverified Name>[6]
Dactylogyrus izjumovae <Unverified Name>[6]
Dactylogyrus micracanthus[6]
Dactylogyrus ramulosus <Unverified Name>[6]
Dactylogyrus robustus <Unverified Name>[6]
Dactylogyrus similis[6]
Dactylogyrus sphyrna[6]
Dactylogyrus tuba <Unverified Name>[6]
Dactylogyrus wunderi[6]
Dactylogyrus xinjiangensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Dactylogyrus yinwenyingae <Unverified Name>[6]
Desmidocercella numidica <Unverified Name>[6]
Digramma interrupta <Unverified Name>[6]
Dioctophyme renale[6]
Diplostomulum clavatum <Unverified Name>[6]
Diplostomum chromatophorum[6]
Diplostomum clavatum[6]
Diplostomum helveticum[6]
Diplostomum paraspathaceum[6]
Diplostomum rutili[6]
Diplostomum spathaceum[6]
Diplozoon homoion <Unverified Name>[6]
Diplozoon megan <Unverified Name>[6]
Diplozoon paradoxum[6]
Echinorhynchus cinctulus[4]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[6]
Eustrongylides excisus <Unverified Name>[6]
Gyrodactylus carassii <Unverified Name>[6]
Gyrodactylus decorus <Unverified Name>[6]
Gyrodactylus elegans[6]
Gyrodactylus leucisci <Unverified Name>[6]
Gyrodactylus medius[6]
Gyrodactylus prostae <Unverified Name>[6]
Gyrodactylus scardiniensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Gyrodactylus tulensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Gyrodactylus vimbi <Unverified Name>[6]
Hysteromorpha triloba[6]
Ichthyocotylurus erraticus[6]
Ichthyocotylurus pileatus[6]
Ichthyocotylurus platycephalus[6]
Ichthyocotylurus variegatus[6]
Ligula intestinalis[6]
Metagonimus yokogawai[6]
Metorchis albidus[6]
Metorchis bilis <Unverified Name>[6]
Metorchis xanthostomus[6]
Molnaria intestinalis <Unverified Name>[6]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[6]
Nicolla skrjabini <Unverified Name>[6]
Opisthorchis felineus <Unverified Name>[6]
Palaeorchis incognitus <Unverified Name>[6]
Paracoenogonimus ovatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Paradiplozoon homoion[6]
Paradiplozoon leucisci <Unverified Name>[6]
Paradiplozoon megan <Unverified Name>[6]
Parasymphylodora parasquamosa <Unverified Name>[6]
Philometra abdominalis <Unverified Name>[6]
Philometra ovata <Unverified Name>[6]
Philometra rischta <Unverified Name>[6]
Philometra sanguinea <Unverified Name>[6]
Phyllodistomum dogieli <Unverified Name>[6]
Phyllodistomum elongatum <Unverified Name>[6]
Phyllodistomum folium[6]
Phyllodistomum pseudofolium <Unverified Name>[6]
Polymorphus phippsi[6]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[6]
Posthodiplostomum brevicaudatum[6]
Posthodiplostomum cuticola[6]
Proteocephalus torulosus[6]
Pseudamphistomum truncatum[6]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[6]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[6]
Rhabdochona denudata[6]
Rhipidocotyle illense[4]
Sanguinicola volgensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Schulmanella petruschewskii <Unverified Name>[6]
Sphaerostomum bramae <Unverified Name>[6]
Sphaerostomum globiporum <Unverified Name>[6]
Spiroxys contorta <Unverified Name>[6]
Tetracotyle echinata <Unverified Name>[6]
Tetracotyle percae-fluviatilis <Unverified Name>[6]
Tetracotyle variegatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[6]
Tylodelphys clavata[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Dierenpark Emmen
Dierenpark Wissel
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Ouwehand Zoo
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurt
Twycross Zoo
Universeum Science Center
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)
Zoo Parc Overloon


Afghanistan; America, North - Inland waters; Amudar'ya; Armenia; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Australian; Austria; Azerbaijan; Baltic Sea; Belarus; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; China; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Dneper; Don; Elbe; Erqishi River; Estonia; Europe - Inland waters; Europe and Asia: Baltic, Black, northern Caspian and North Sea basins, Atlantic basin southward to Seine and lower Loire drainages (France). Absent in Scandinavia north of 69°N. In Asia, eastward to Lena drainage and Aral basin. Introduced to Great Britain and northern Italy (Ref. 59043). Transported to several countries in Europe and the United States for ornament (Ref. 4537).; Europe and Asia: Rhine basin to the west of the Yakutsk-Sakha Republic. Transported to several countries in Europe and the United States for ornament (Ref. 4537).; Finland; France; Georgia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Hungary; Kazakhstan; Kuban River; Lake Baikal; Latvia; Lena; Lithuania; Loire; Moldova, Republic of; Mongolia; Nearctic; Netherlands; New Zealand; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Oceania - Inland waters; Onega River; Palearctic; Poland; Rhine; Romania; Russian Federation; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovakia; Sweden; Switzerland; USA (contiguous states); Ukraine; United Kingdom; Ural; Uzbekistan; Volga; Yili River;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Åge Brabrand, Food of roach (Rutilus rutilus) and ide (Leusiscus idus): significance of diet shift for interspecific competition in omnivorous fishes, Oecologia Volume 66, Number 4 (1985), 461-467
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access