Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Rajiformes > Rajidae > Raja > Raja rhina
 

Raja rhina (Longnose skate)

Synonyms: Raia rhina
Language: Dutch; Mandarin Chinese; Polish; Salish; Spanish; Tsimshian

Attributes

Female Maturity [1]  10 years
Litter Size [1]  82
Maximum Longevity [1]  26 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada

Prey / Diet

Ammodytes hexapterus (Stout sand lance)[2]
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)[2]
Chilara taylori (Spotted cusk-eel)[3]
Chionoecetes bairdi (southern Tanner crab)[4]
Citharichthys sordidus (Sanddab)[3]
Citharichthys stigmaeus (Speckled sanddab)[5]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[2]
Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)[2]
Cryptacanthodes aleutensis (Red devil)[2]
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)[2]
Diaphus theta (California headlightfish)[5]
Doryteuthis opalescens (california market squid)[3]
Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta)[5]
Eualus avinus (beaked eualid)[4]
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[2]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[2]
Genyonemus lineatus (White croaker)[3]
Glyptocephalus zachirus (Witch)[3]
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)[2]
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)[2]
Isopsetta isolepis (Butter sole)[5]
Limanda aspera (Yellowfin sole)[2]
Lycodes brevipes (Shortfin eelpout)[2]
Lycodes diapterus (Black eelpout)[3]
Lyopsetta exilis (Slender sole)[2]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[2]
Merluccius productus (Whiting)[3]
Microstomus pacificus (Slippery sole)[2]
Neocrangon communis (gray shrimp)[4]
Neocrangon resima[3]
Octopus rubescens (East Pacific red octopus)[3]
Pandalopsis dispar (sidestriped shrimp)[2]
Pandalus borealis (northern shrimp)[2]
Pandalus eous (Alaskan pink shrimp)[4]
Pandalus goniurus (humpy shrimp)[2]
Pandalus jordani (ocean shrimp)[5]
Parophrys vetulus (English sole)[2]
Pasiphaea pacifica (Pacific glass shrimp)[3]
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)[2]
Porichthys notatus (Midshipman)[5]
Protomyctophum thompsoni (Bigeye lanternfish)[2]
Sebastes diploproa (Splitnose rockfish)[2]
Sebastes jordani (Slender rockfish)[3]
Sebastes saxicola (Stripetail rockfish)[3]
Sebastolobus alascanus (Channel rockcod)[2]
Sergestes similis[5]
Stenobrachius leucopsarus (Smallfin lanternfish)[3]
Tarletonbeania crenularis (Blue lanternfish)[2]
Thysanoessa inermis[4]
Thysanoessa spinifera[2]
Trichodon trichodon (Sandfish)[2]
Zalembius rosaceus (Pink surfperch)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alopias vulpinus (Zorro thresher shark)2
Anoplopoma fimbria (Skil)2
Arctocephalus townsendi (Guadalupe Fur Seal)2
Atheresthes evermanni (Kamchatka flounder)2
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)3
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)1
Balaenoptera musculus (Blue Whale)1
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)1
Bathyraja aleutica (Aleutian skate)6
Bathyraja interrupta (Sandpaper skate)7
Bathyraja maculata (White-blotched skate)1
Bathyraja matsubarai (Dusky-purple skate)1
Bathyraja trachura (Roughtail skate)1
Benthalbella dentata (Pearleye)1
Beringraja binoculata (Big skate)2
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)2
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)2
Caulolatilus princeps (Bighead tilefish)1
Cepphus columba (Pigeon Guillemot)1
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)1
Chauliodus macouni (Fanged viperfish)1
Citharichthys sordidus (Sanddab)1
Clupea pallasii pallasii (Pacific herring)1
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)2
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)2
Enhydra lutris (Sea Otter)1
Eopsetta jordani (Petrale sole)1
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)1
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)2
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)3
Genyonemus lineatus (White croaker)1
Hemilepidotus jordani (Yellow Irish lord)1
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)2
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)2
Kajikia audax (Stripey)1
Kogia breviceps (Pygmy Sperm Whale)2
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)1
Larus californicus (California Gull)1
Larus canus (Mew Gull)1
Larus glaucescens (Glaucous-winged Gull)1
Larus heermanni (Heermann's Gull)1
Larus occidentalis (Western Gull)1
Lepidopsetta polyxystra (Northern rock sole)1
Limanda aspera (Yellowfin sole)2
Lissodelphis borealis (Northern Right Whale Dolphin)2
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)1
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)1
Merluccius productus (Whiting)1
Metacarcinus magister (Dungeness crab)1
Mirounga angustirostris (Northern Elephant Seal)3
Nansenia candida (Bluethroat argentine)1
Oceanodroma leucorhoa (Leach's Storm-Petrel)1
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)2
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)1
Phalacrocorax penicillatus (Brandt's Cormorant)1
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)1
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)1
Phocoenoides dalli (Dall's Porpoise)4
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)1
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)1
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)1
Puffinus creatopus (Pink-footed Shearwater)1
Puffinus griseus (Sooty Shearwater)2
Puffinus tenuirostris (Short-tailed Shearwater)2
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)1
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)1
Sarda chiliensis (bonite du pacifique oriental)1
Sebastes flavidus (Yellowtail rockfish)1
Sebastes goodei (Rockfish)1
Sebastes pinniger (Rockfish)1
Somniosus pacificus (Pacific Sleeper Shark)1
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)1
Synthliboramphus antiquus (Ancient Murrelet)1
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)1
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)1
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)2
Uria aalge (Common Murre)1
Zalophus californianus (California Sealion)3

Predators

Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocotyle pacifica <Unverified Name>[6]
Grillotia musculara[6]
Pinguicollum pinguicollum[6]
Piscicapillaria freemani <Unverified Name>[6]
Pseudacanthocotyla pacifica[6]

Distribution

Alaska (USA); California Current; Canada; Eastern Pacific: Navarin Canyon in the Bering Sea and Unalaska Island, Alaska to Cedros Island, Baja California, Mexico.; Gulf of Alaska; Mexico; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; USA (contiguous states); West Bering Sea;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 3Food habits of the longnose skate, Raja rhina (Jordan and Gilbert, 1880), in central California waters, Heather J. Robinson, Gregor M. Cailliet, David A. Ebert, Environ Biol Fish (2007) 80:165–179 4Diet and trophic ecology of skates in the Gulf of Alaska (Raja and Bathyraja spp.): ecological information for ecosystem–based management of demersal resources, David A. Ebert, Joseph J. Bizzarro, Simon C. Brown, Mariah D. Boyle, and Gregor M. Cailliet, NPRB Project 621 Final Report (2008) 5Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository. 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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