Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Cichlidae > Astronotus > Astronotus ocellatus

Astronotus ocellatus (Velvet cichlid; Red oscar; Oscar; Marble cichlid)

Synonyms: Acara compressus; Acara hyposticta; Astronotus ocellatus ocellatus; Astronotus ocellatus zebra; Astronotus orbiculatus; Cychla rubroocellata; Lobotes ocellatus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The oscar (Astronotus ocellatus) is a species of fish from the cichlid family known under a variety of common names, including tiger oscar, velvet cichlid, and marble cichlid. In South America, where the species naturally resides, A. ocellatus specimens are often found for sale as a food fish in the local markets. The fish has been introduced to other areas, including China, Australia, and the United States. It is considered a popular aquarium fish in the U.S.
View Wikipedia Record: Astronotus ocellatus


Female Maturity [2]  1 year
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Adult Length [2]  18 inches (46 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In a nest
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Lithophils (rock-gravel)
Brood Guarder [2]  Yes
Litter Size [2]  3,000
Maximum Longevity [2]  10 years
Water Biome [1]  Rivers and Streams


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Apalachicola United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Florida Peninsula United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    
Hawaiian Islands United States Oceania Oceanic Islands    
Puerto Rico - Virgin Islands United Kingdom, United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  

Prey / Diet

Echinochloa polystachya (creeping rivergrass)[3]


Caiman crocodilus (Common caiman, Spectacled caiman)[3]


Parasitized by 
Goezia spinulosa <Unverified Name>[4]
Gussevia asota <Unverified Name>[4]
Gussevia astronoti <Unverified Name>[4]
Gussevia elephus <Unverified Name>[4]
Gussevia obtusa <Unverified Name>[4]
Gussevia rogersi <Unverified Name>[4]
Proteocephalus gibsoni <Unverified Name>[4]
Proteocephalus ocellatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Proteocephalus percae[3]
Sciadicleithrum tortrix <Unverified Name>[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Acquario di Genova
Artis Zoo
Biodome de Montreal
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Burger's Zoo
Cameron Park Zoo
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Dierenpark Emmen
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Florida Aquarium
Hansenberg Organia
Helsinki Zoo
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Kyiv Zoological Park
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Moulton College
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
National Zoo & Aquarium
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Odense Zoologiske Have
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Papiliorama Swiss Tropical Gardens
Parc de Lunaret
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Phoenix Zoo
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Randers Regnskov
Riga Zoo
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
Tallinn Zoo
Tropical World
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna


Africa-Inland Waters; Amazon; America, North - Inland waters; America, South - Inland waters; Argentina; Asia - Inland waters; Brazil; Canada; Colombia; Côte d'Ivoire; Ethiopian; French Guiana; Guam; Hawaii (USA); Nearctic; Neotropical; Oceania - Inland waters; Oriental; Orinoco; Peru; Puerto Rico; Singapore; South America: Amazon River basin in Peru, Colombia and Brazil; French Guiana. Reported from Argentina (Ref. 9086).; USA (contiguous states); Venezuela;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access