Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Pleuronectidae > Hippoglossoides > Hippoglossoides platessoides
 

Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab; dab; Plaice; Long rough dab; Canadian plaice; American plaice)

Synonyms: Hippoglossoides platessoides limandoides; Hypoglossoides platessoides; Pleuronectes limandoides; Pleuronectes platessoides
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Wikipedia Abstract

The American plaice or sole, Hippoglossoides platessoides, is a flatfish that belongs, along with other right-eyed flounders, to the Pleuronectidae family. American plaice are an Atlantic species. Their range is from southern Labrador to Rhode Island. They spawn in the Gulf of Maine, with peak activity in April and May. They grow to a maximum length of 70 centimetres (28 in). The species is considered by the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization to be overfished, with no signs of recovery.
View Wikipedia Record: Hippoglossoides platessoides

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  7.76 lbs (3.52 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  8 years 9 months
Male Maturity [1]  4 years
Maximum Longevity [2]  30 years
Migration [3]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
The Broads 14554 England, United Kingdom  

Prey / Diet

Abra alba (white furrow shell)[4]
Abra prismatica[4]
Aequipecten opercularis (Scallop)[4]
Aetideopsis armata[4]
Agonus cataphractus (Pogge)[4]
Amblyops abbreviata[4]
Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)[5]
Ammodytes marinus (sand eel)[4]
Ampelisca brevicornis[4]
Ampelisca diadema[4]
Ampelisca macrocephala[4]
Ampelisca odontoplax[4]
Ampharete grubei[4]
Amphicteis gunneri[4]
Amphilochus tenuimanus[4]
Amphiura filiformis (brittlestar)[4]
Amphiura sundevalli[4]
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)[4]
Aphia minuta (Transparent goby)[4]
Aphrodita aculeata (Sea mouse)[4]
Arctica islandica (Cyprine)[6]
Arrhis phyllonyx[4]
Astarte arctica (Arctic astarte)[4]
Asterias amurensis (Flatbottom seastar)[4]
Bathyarca glacialis (glacial bathyark)[4]
Bodotria scorpioides[4]
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)[4]
Buccinum undatum (common whelk)[4]
Byblis gaimardi[4]
Calanus finmarchicus[4]
Calathura brachiata[4]
Callionymus lyra (european dragonet)[4]
Calocaris macandreae[4]
Cerastoderma edule (Common cockle)[4]
Cheirocratus sundevallii[4]
Chionoecetes opilio (snow crab)[7]
Chlamys islandica (Iceland scallop)[6]
Clione limacina (Naked sea butterfly)[4]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[4]
Corbula gibba (basket shell)[4]
Corystes cassivelaunus (masked crab)[4]
Crangon allmanni[4]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[4]
Ctenodiscus crispatus (Mud star)[4]
Cyclocardia borealis (northern cyclocardia)[6]
Cyrtodaria siliqua (northern propellerclam)[4]
Dendronotus frondosus (frond-aeolis)[4]
Diastylis glabra[4]
Diastylis lucifera[4]
Diastylis rathkei[4]
Diastylis spinulosa[4]
Dichelopandalus leptocerus (bristled longbeak)[4]
Dyopedos monacanthus[4]
Echinarachnius parma (common sand dollar)[6]
Echinocardium cordatum (Heart urchin)[4]
Echiurus echiurus (Echiurud worm)[4]
Enchelyopus cimbrius (Rockling)[4]
Ericthonius difformis[4]
Erythrops erythrophthalma[4]
Euchone papillosa[4]
Eudorella emarginata[4]
Euspira pulchella (common necklace shell)[4]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[4]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[4]
Gaetanus tenuispinus[4]
Gastrosaccus spinifer[4]
Glyphanostomum pallescens[4]
Golfingia vulgaris[4]
Halirages fulvocinctus[4]
Haploops setosa[4]
Haploops tubicola[4]
Hiatella arctica (Arctic hiatella)[4]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[4]
Hippomedon denticulatus[4]
Hyas araneus (Atlantic lyre crab)[4]
Lagis koreni (Köcherwurm)[4]
Lamprops fuscatus[4]
Leptocheirus pinguis[4]
Leptomysis gracilis[4]
Leptomysis lingvura[4]
Leucon nasica[4]
Limacina helicina (helicid pteropod)[4]
Limanda limanda (Sand dab)[4]
Liocarcinus holsatus (flying crab)[4]
Longipedia coronata[4]
Lumpenus fabricii (Slender eelblenny)[4]
Lumpenus lampretaeformis (serpent blenny)[5]
Macropipus tuberculatus (portunid crab)[4]
Maldane sarsi (bambooworm)[4]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[5]
Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill)[4]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[5]
Melinna elisabethae[4]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[4]
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)[4]
Metridia longa[4]
Microdeutopus gryllotalpa[4]
Microstomus kitt (Sweet fluke)[4]
Molva molva (Ling)[4]
Monoculodes tesselatus[4]
Munida rugosa (Long-clawed squat lobster)[4]
Munnopsis typica[4]
Mysis mixta[4]
Nephrops norvegicus (Norway lobster)[4]
Ophelina acuminata[4]
Ophiacantha bidentata[4]
Ophiocten sericeum[4]
Ophiopholis aculeata (daisy brittle star)[4]
Ophiopus arcticus[4]
Ophioscolex glacialis[4]
Ophiothrix fragilis (common brittlestar)[4]
Ophiura albida (brittlestar)[4]
Ophiura robusta[4]
Ophiura sarsii[6]
Pagurus bernhardus (Bernhard's hermit crab)[4]
Pagurus prideauxi (Brown-legged hermit crab)[4]
Pagurus pubescens[4]
Pandalus borealis (northern shrimp)[5]
Pandalus montagui (Aesop shrimp)[4]
Parasagitta elegans (elegant arrow worm)[4]
Parerythrops obesa[4]
Philocheras gorei[4]
Philomedes lilljeborgi[4]
Pholis gunnellus (Tissy)[4]
Phyllodoce groenlandica[4]
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)[4]
Portlandia intermedia (intermediate yoldia)[4]
Potamilla neglecta[4]
Processa canaliculata (processa shrimp)[4]
Propebela turricula[4]
Protomedeia fasciata[4]
Pseudocalanus elongatus[4]
Pseudocuma longicorne[4]
Rhachotropis aculeata[4]
Robertsonia tenuis[4]
Rossia palpebrosa (warty bobtail squid)[4]
Sabella pavonina (slijkkokerworm)[4]
Sabinea sarsii (Sars shrimp)[4]
Sabinea septemcarinata (sevenline shrimp)[4]
Schistomysis ornata[4]
Sepiola atlantica (Atlantic Bobtail)[4]
Spatangus purpureus (violet heart-urchin)[4]
Spiochaetopterus typicus[4]
Spiophanes kroyeri[4]
Spirontocaris spinus (parrot shrimp)[4]
Spisula solida (Solid surf clam)[4]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[4]
Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (Green sea urchin)[4]
Strongylocentrotus pallidus (White sea urchin)[4]
Temora longicornis[4]
Terebellides pacifica[4]
Testudinalia testudinalis (plant limpet)[4]
Themisto abyssorum[4]
Themisto libellula[4]
Thysanoessa inermis[4]
Thysanoessa raschii (Arctic krill)[4]
Triglops murrayi (Moustache sculpin)[4]
Triglops pingelii (Ribbed sculpin)[4]
Trisopterus esmarkii (Norway pout)[4]
Turritella communis[4]
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)[4]
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)[4]
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)[4]
Venustaconcha ellipsiformis (ellipse)[4]
Westwoodilla caecula[4]
Zoarces americanus (Ocean pout)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alca torda (Razorbill)1
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)1
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)2
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)4
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)4
Anarhichas minor (Spotted wolf-fish)3
Artediellus atlanticus (Atlantic hookear)1
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)2
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)2
Balaenoptera borealis (Sei Whale)1
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)1
Bathyraja spinicauda (Spiny-tailed skate)2
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)1
Brosme brosme (Tusk)1
Careproctus reinhardti (Longfin seasnail)1
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)1
Centroscyllium fabricii (Black dogfish)1
Cepphus grylle (Black Guillemot)1
Cystophora cristata (Hooded Seal)2
Dasyatis centroura (clam cracker)1
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)1
Delphinapterus leucas (Beluga)1
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)2
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)1
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)1
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)3
Gadus morhua (rock cod)4
Gadus ogac (White sea nonmigratory cod)1
Gaidropsarus argentatus (Treebearded rockling)1
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)1
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)2
Hemitripterus bolini (Bigmouth sculpin)1
Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling)2
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)3
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)3
Lagenorhynchus acutus (Atlantic White-sided Dolphin)1
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)1
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)1
Larus marinus (Great Black-backed Gull)1
Lepidopsetta polyxystra (Northern rock sole)2
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)1
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)1
Limanda aspera (Yellowfin sole)1
Limanda ferruginea (rusty flounder)1
Liparis gibbus (Dusky snailfish)1
Lycodes esmarkii (Esmark's eelpout)1
Lycodes reticulatus (Arctic eelpout)1
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)4
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)3
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)1
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)4
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)1
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)3
Morus bassanus (Northern Gannet)1
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)1
Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus (Sculpin)1
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)1
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)2
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)1
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)1
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)1
Pleuronectes quadrituberculatus (Alaska plaice)3
Pollachius virens (Sillock)3
Rajella fyllae (Round ray)2
Rajella lintea (Sharp-nosed skate)1
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)2
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)1
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)1
Sebastes mentella (Redfish)1
Somateria spectabilis (King Eider)1
Somniosus microcephalus (gray shark)1
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)1
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)1
Stercorarius parasiticus (Parasitic Jaeger)1
Tautoga onitis (Tautog)1
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)2
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)1
Triglops murrayi (Moustache sculpin)2
Uria aalge (Common Murre)1
Uria lomvia (Thick-billed Murre)1
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)3
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)1
Zoarces americanus (Ocean pout)2

Predators

Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)[4]
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[8]
Brosme brosme (Tusk)[4]
Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)[4]
Chelidonichthys lucerna (Sapphirine gurnard)[4]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[4]
Cystophora cristata (Hooded Seal)[4]
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)[8]
Erignathus barbatus (Bearded Seal)[9]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[4]
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)[4]
Gadiculus argenteus (Silvery pout)[4]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[4]
Galeorhinus galeus (Vitamin shark)[4]
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)[4]
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)[10]
Hemitripterus americanus (Wip)[4]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[4]
Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Halibut)[4]
Homo sapiens (man)[4]
Lagenorhynchus acutus (Atlantic White-sided Dolphin)[4]
Lagenorhynchus albirostris (White-beaked Dolphin)[11]
Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis (whiff)[4]
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)[4]
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)[4]
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)[4]
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)[6]
Lophius budegassa (Blackbellied angler)[4]
Lophius piscatorius (Monkfish)[4]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[4]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[4]
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)[4]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[4]
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[4]
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)[4]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[4]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[4]
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)[4]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[4]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[4]
Pusa hispida (Ringed Seal)[4]
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)[4]
Scophthalmus maximus (Turbot)[4]
Scophthalmus rhombus (Flounder)[4]
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)[4]
Sebastes mentella (Redfish)[4]
Somniosus microcephalus (gray shark)[12]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[4]
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)[4]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[4]
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[13]
Aporocotyle simplex[13]
Ascarophis arctica <Unverified Name>[13]
Brachyphallus crenatus[13]
Contracaecum aduncum[13]
Contracaecum osculatum[13]
Corynosoma semerme[13]
Corynosoma strumosum[13]
Corynosoma wegeneri[13]
Cryptocotyle lingua[13]
Cucullanus heterochrous <Unverified Name>[13]
Derogenes varicus[13]
Diplocotyle olrikii[13]
Echinorhynchus gadi[13]
Echinorhynchus laurentianus[13]
Fellodistomum fellis[13]
Genolinea laticauda[13]
Gonocerca macroformis <Unverified Name>[13]
Grillotia erinaceus[13]
Hemiurus levinseni[13]
Hysterothylacium auctum <Unverified Name>[13]
Hysterothylacium rigidum <Unverified Name>[13]
Lecithaster gibbosus[13]
Neophasis burti[13]
Otodistomum veliporum[13]
Podocotyle atomon[13]
Progonus muelleri[13]
Prosorhynchus squamatus[13]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[13]
Pseudozoogonoides subaequiporus[13]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[13]
Scolex polymorphus <Unverified Name>[13]
Spinitectus oviflagellis <Unverified Name>[13]
Stenakron vetustum[13]
Stephanostomum baccatum[13]
Steringophorus furciger[13]
Zoogonoides viviparus[13]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium du Quebec
Stiftelsen Atlanterhavsparken

Distribution

Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Canada; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; China; Denmark; East Greenland Shelf/Sea; Eastern Atlantic: off eastern Greenland and from the English Channel to the coast of Murmansk. Western Atlantic: southern Labrador in Canada and western Greenland to Rhode Island in USA (Ref. 7251). Two subspecies were recognized, <i>H. p. platessoide; Eastern Atlantic: off eastern Greenland and from the English Channel to the coast of Murmansk. Western Atlantic: southern Labrador in Canada and western Greenland to Rhode Island in USA (Ref. 7251). Two subspecies were recognized, <i>H. p. platessoides</i> from northwestern Atlantic, and <i>H. p. limandoides</i> from the northeastern Atlantic (Ref. 51668).; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greenland; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Isle of Man; Netherlands; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; North Sea; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Penobscot Bay; Poland; Scotian Shelf; Sweden; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom; West Greenland Shelf;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 3Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Condition and Feeding of American Plaice (Hippoglossoides platessoides) in the North Atlantic with Emphasis on the Flemish Cap, Concepción González, Esther Román and Xabier Paz, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 37: 87–102 (2006) 6Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000) 7Feeding Habits of Fish Species Distributed on the Grand Bank, Concepción González1, Xabier Paz, Esther Román, and María Hermida, NAFO SCR Doc. 06/31, Serial No. N5251 (2006) 8Feeding and Food Consumption by the Barents Sea Skates, A.V. Dolgov, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 35: 495–503 9Feeding habits of bearded seals (Erignathus barbatus) from the Svalbard area, Norway, A. M. Hjelset1, M. Andersen, I. Gjertz, C. Lydersen and B. Gulliksen, Polar Biology, Volume 21, Number 3 / February, 1999, pages 186-193 10Offshore diet of grey seals Halichoerus grypus near Sable Island, Canada, W. D. Bowen, G . D. Harrison, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 112: 1-11, 1994 11Seasonal distribution of white-beaked dolphins (Lagenorhynchus albirostris) in UK waters with new information on diet and habitat use, Sarah J. Canning, M. Begoña Santos, Robert J. Reid, Peter G.H. Evans, Richard C. Sabin, Nick Bailey and Graham J. Pierce, Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 2008, 88(6), 1159–1166 12McMeans, Bailey C., et al. "The role of Greenland sharks (Somniosus microcephalus) in an Arctic ecosystem: assessed via stable isotopes and fatty acids." Marine Biology 160.5 (2013): 1223+. Academic OneFile. Web. 14 July 2014. 13Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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