Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Cyprinodontiformes > Fundulidae > Lucania > Lucania parva

Lucania parva (Rainwater killifish)

Synonyms: Cyprinodon parvus; Limia venusta; Lucania affinis
Language: Mandarin Chinese; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

Maximum size: 62 mm SL (Gunter 1950). Coloration: Body not barred (Hubbs et al. 1991). Back silvery to light green, with a narrow, dark middorsal stripe. Scales on sides outlined in melanophores, creating cross-hatched pattern, which is especially prominent in breeding males. Forward and upper surfaces of the head speckled with melanophores, which also extend onto the underside of the lower jaw. Belly and undersides of body are silver. Fins generally lack pigmentation, except for some melanophores along the rays. In breeding males, dorsal fin has a black anterior blotch and dark marginal and basal bands that may include orange pigmentation. Caudal, anal, and pelvic fins red to orange, with black marginal bands (Gunter 1950; Simpson and Gunter 1956; Ross 2001).
View Wikipedia Record: Lucania parva


Female Maturity [1]  4 months 26 days
Diet [2]  Omnivore, Planktivore
Adult Length [1]  2.4 inches (6 cm)
Migration [2]  Amphidromous


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Bonneville United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Sacramento - San Joaquin United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Upper Rio Grande - Bravo Mexico, United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Golden Gate National Recreation Area V 26135 California, United States
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States

Prey / Diet

Fenestraria rhopalophylla (babies toes)[3]
Gammarus mucronatus[3]
Grandidierella bonnieroides[3]


Centropomus undecimalis (Thin snook)[3]
Cynoscion nebulosus (Spotted weakfish)[3]
Lagodon rhomboides (Salt-water bream)[3]
Lepisosteus oculatus (Spotted gar)[3]
Mycteria americana (Wood Stork)[3]
Sciaenops ocellatus (Spotted bass)[3]


Parasitized by 
Neoechinorhynchus doryphorus[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo

Range Map

America, North - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Gulf of Mexico; Mexico; Nearctic; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; USA (contiguous states); Western Atlantic: Massachusetts and northern Gulf of Mexico to Florida Keys in USA and northeastern Mexico. Ascends Rio Grande and Pecos River in Texas and New Mexico in USA (Ref. 5723).;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access