Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Centrarchidae > Micropterus > Micropterus salmoides

Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass; Largemouth black bass; Large-mouth bass; Largemouth bass; Largemouth; Green bass; Black bass; Bass; American black bass)

Synonyms: Aplites salmoides; Grystes megastoma; Grystes nigricans; Grystes salmoides; Huro nigricans; Huro salmoides; Labrus salmoides; Perca nigricans
Language: Afrikaans; Cantonese; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Finnish; French; German; Hungarian; Italian; Japanese; Korean; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Persian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Slovak; Spanish; Swedish; Venda

Invasive Species

Micropterus salmoides (bass) has been widely introduced throughout the world due to its appeal as a sport fish and for its tasty flesh. In some places introduced Micropterus salmoides have affected populations of small native fish through predation, sometimes resulting in the their decline or extinction. Its diet includes fish, crayfish, amphibians and insects.
View ISSG Record: Micropterus salmoides


Adult Weight [3]  12.19 lbs (5.53 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  4 years 6 months
Male Maturity [3]  3 years 6 months
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Adult Length [2]  38 inches (97 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In a nest
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Polyphils
Brood Guarder [2]  Yes
Litter Size [2]  109,314
Maximum Longevity [2]  23 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Alaska & Canada Pacific Coastal Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Appalachian Piedmont United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Bonneville United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Chesapeake Bay United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Colorado Mexico, United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Columbia Glaciated Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Columbia Unglaciated United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Death Valley United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
East Texas Gulf United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
English - Winnipeg Lakes Canada, United States Nearctic Large Lakes    
Gila Mexico, United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Hawaiian Islands United States Oceania Oceanic Islands    
Lahontan United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Laurentian Great Lakes Canada, United States Nearctic Large Lakes    
Middle Missouri United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northeast US & Southeast Canada Atlantic Drainages Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Oregon & Northern California Coastal United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Oregon Lakes United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Puerto Rico - Virgin Islands United Kingdom, United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    
Sabine - Galveston United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Sacramento - San Joaquin United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Southern California Coastal - Baja California Mexico, United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
St. Lawrence Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Teays - Old Ohio United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Upper Mississippi United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Upper Missouri Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Upper Rio Grande - Bravo Mexico, United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Upper Snake United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
US Southern Plains United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Vegas - Virgin United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Amistad National Recreation Area   Texas, United States
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Carl Sandburg Home National Hist. Site National Historic Site III 271 North Carolina, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Chickasaw National Recreation Area V 7025 Oklahoma, United States
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Congaree Swamp National Park II 6095 South Carolina, United States
Cosumnes River Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 2138 California, United States
Cumberland Island National Seashore II 20629 Georgia, United States
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Fathom Five National Marine Park II   Ontario, Canada
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Fort Necessity National Battlefield III 1019 Pennsylvania, United States
George WA Carver National Monument V 210 Missouri, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area V   Texas, United States
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Manassas National Battlefield Park III 5132 Virginia, United States
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Nipomo Dunes Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 3725 California, United States
North Temperate Lakes LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Wisconsin, United States
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge IV 38256 Florida, United States
Paul do Boquilobo Biosphere Reserve Nature Reserve IV 1352 Portugal  
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Reserva de la Biosfera de Doñana Biosphere Reserve II 123801 Spain
Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site   New York, United States      
Saint Croix International Historic Site   Maine, United States
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Shiga Highland Biosphere Reserve 32124 Honshu, Japan  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
Wilson's Creek National Battlefield V   Missouri, United States


Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Acrocheilus alutaceus (Squaremouth)[4]
Alligator mississippiensis (Alligator, Gator, American alligator, Florida alligator, Mississippi alligator, Louisiana alligator.)[4]
Amazilia tzacatl (Rufous-tailed Hummingbird)[4]
Ambloplites rupestris (Rock bass)[4]
Ameiurus natalis (Yellow bullhead)[5]
Americamysis almyra[4]
Anas fulvigula (Mottled Duck)[4]
Anax junius (green darner)[5]
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)[5]
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[5]
Aquarius remigis (Common water strider)[5]
Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[4]
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)[5]
Bosmina longirostris[4]
Callinectes sapidus (blue crab)[4]
Calopteryx maculata (Ebony jewelwing)[5]
Carassius gibelio (Prussian carp)[4]
Caridina denticulata (sawtooth caridina)[4]
Centrarchus macropterus (peacock sunfish)[4]
Chaoborus punctipennis[4]
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)[5]
Clupeonella abrau (abrau sprat)[4]
Conochilus unicornis (rotifer)[4]
Coptodon zillii (Zilli's tilapia)[4]
Corydalus cornutus (dobsonfly)[5]
Crangonyx gracilis (northern lake crangonyctid)[4]
Cyathura polita (Slender isopod)[4]
Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)[5]
Daphnia ambigua (Water flea)[5]
Daphnia parvula[4]
Daphnia pulex (Water flea)[4]
Diacyclops thomasi[4]
Diaphanosoma birgei[4]
Dolomedes triton (Six-spottedfishingspider)[5]
Dorosoma cepedianum (American gizzard shad)[4]
Dorosoma petenense (Threadfin shad)[4]
Enteromius paludinosus (Straightfin barb)[4]
Epischura lacustris[4]
Etheostoma olmstedi (Tessellated darter)[5]
Gambusia affinis (Live-bearing tooth-carp)[4]
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)[4]
Gammarus mucronatus[4]
Gobiosoma bosc (Naked goby)[4]
Gymnogobius urotaenia[4]
Holopedium gibberum[4]
Hyalella azteca (Scud)[5]
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)[5]
Ischnura posita (Fragile forktail)[5]
Kellicottia bostoniensis[4]
Kellicottia longispina[4]
Keratella cochlearis[4]
Keratella crassa[4]
Keratella hiemalis[4]
Keratella taurocephala[4]
Labidesthes sicculus (Brook silverside)[4]
Lepomis cyanellus (Green sunfish)[4]
Lepomis gibbosus (kiver)[4]
Lepomis macrochirus (Bluegill)[4]
Leptodiaptomus minutus[4]
Libellula lydia (Common whitetail)[5]
Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri (Aquatic worm)[5]
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)[5]
Lithobates pipiens (Northern Leopard Frog)[6]
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)[5]
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)[5]
Macrobdella decora (Freshwater leech)[5]
Menidia beryllina (Waxen silverside)[4]
Mesocyclops edax[4]
Micropterus dolomieu (Smallmouth bass)[4]
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)[4]
Mugil cephalus (gray mullet)[4]
Mylocheilus caurinus (Redmouth sucker)[4]
Najas pectinata[4]
Notemigonus crysoleucas (Golden shiner minnow)[5]
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)[5]
Oncorhynchus mykiss (redband trout)[4]
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon or king salmon)[4]
Pacifastacus leniusculus (signal crayfish)[4]
Palaemon paucidens (lake prawn)[4]
Perca flavescens (Yellow perch)[4]
Pimephales notatus (Bluntnose minnow)[4]
Poecilia reticulata (millions fish)[4]
Polyarthra remata[4]
Polyarthra vulgaris[4]
Polyphemus pediculus[4]
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)[5]
Procambarus clarkii (red swamp crawfish)[4]
Pseudacris cadaverina (California Treefrog)[6]
Pseudorasbora parva (Topmouth minnow)[4]
Ptychocheilus oregonensis (Seatrout)[4]
Rhinogobius giurinus (Goby)[4]
Rhithropanopeus harrisii (estuarine mud crab)[4]
Richardsonius balteatus (Silver-sided minnow)[4]
Rutilus rutilus (Roach)[4]
Salaria fluviatilis (Freshwater blenny)[4]
Salvinia molesta (aquarium watermoss)[4]
Sander vitreus (Walleye)[4]
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)[5]
Sida crystallina[4]
Sympetrum corruptum (variegated meadowhawk)[4]
Syngnathus scovelli (Scovell's pipefish)[4]
Taphromysis louisianae[4]
Trichocerca cylindrica[4]
Tridentiger obscurus (Dusky tripletooth goby)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)3
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)2
Agkistrodon piscivorus (conanti)1
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)4
Alauda arvensis (Sky Lark)1
Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)3
Ameiurus melas (Black bullhead)1
Ameiurus natalis (Yellow bullhead)6
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)9
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)4
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)5
Anthus pratensis (Meadow Pipit)1
Anthus trivialis (Tree Pipit)1
Apus apus (Common Swift)1
Apus melba (Alpine swift)1
Archilochus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird)2
Archoplites interruptus (Sacramento perch)1
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)5
Aythya affinis (Lesser Scaup)1
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)3
Charadrius vociferus (Killdeer)3
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)9
Corvus corone (Carrion Crow)1
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)2
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)1
Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)4
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)3
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)2
Erithacus rubecula (European Robin)1
Etheostoma olmstedi (Tessellated darter)4
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)6
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)2
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)1
Heterodon platirhinos (Eastern Hognose Snake)2
Hypentelium nigricans (Northern hog sucker)6
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)11
Lanius collurio (Red-backed Shrike)1
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)3
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)11
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)6
Locustella naevia (Common Grasshopper Warbler)1
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)4
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)2
Merops apiaster (European Bee-eater)1
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)1
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)3
Neoitamus socius1
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)4
Notemigonus crysoleucas (Golden shiner minnow)5
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)7
Nucifraga caryocatactes (Spotted Nutcracker)1
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)1
Perca flavescens (Yellow perch)1
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)4
Phoenicurus ochruros (Black Redstart)1
Phoenicurus phoenicurus (Common Redstart)1
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)1
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)11
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)4
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)3
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)1
Scalopus aquaticus (Eastern Mole)1
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)8
Strix varia (Barred Owl)5
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)1
Sylvia communis (Common Whitethroat)1
Sylvia curruca (Lesser Whitethroat)1
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)3
Thymallus arcticus (Arctic grayling)1
Tringa melanoleuca (Greater Yellowlegs)1
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)1


Alligator mississippiensis (Alligator, Gator, American alligator, Florida alligator, Mississippi alligator, Louisiana alligator.)[4]
Ambloplites rupestris (Rock bass)[4]
Amia calva (Bowfin)[4]
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)[5]
Aonyx capensis (African Clawless Otter)[7]
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)[5]
Cathartes aura (Turkey Vulture)[5]
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)[5]
Diacyclops thomasi[4]
Egretta caerulea (Little Blue Heron)[8]
Egretta tricolor (Tricolored Heron)[8]
Esox lucius (Jack)[4]
Esox masquinongy (Maskinonge)[4]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[4]
Hydrictis maculicollis (Spotted-necked Otter)[9]
Ichthyomyzon castaneus (Chestnut lamprey)[4]
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)[5]
Lichia amia (leer fish)[4]
Mesocyclops edax[4]
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)[4]
Mycteria americana (Wood Stork)[4]
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)[5]
Pandion haliaetus (Osprey)[4]
Perca flavescens (Yellow perch)[4]
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)[5]
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)[4]


Hydrilla verticillata (waterthyme)[5]
Lemna minor (common duckweed)[5]
Peltandra virginica (green arrow arum)[5]
Phragmites australis (common reed)[5]
Platanus mexicana (American sycamore)[5]
Pontederia cordata (Pickerel Weed)[5]
Potamogeton lucens (long-leaf pondweed)[5]
Salix nigra (black willow)[5]
Saururus cernuus (lizard's tail)[5]
Scirpus cyperinus (Woolly Grass Bulrush)[5]
Typha latifolia (Reedmace)[5]


Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus dirus[10]
Acolpenteron ureteroecetes[10]
Actinocleidus fergusoni <Unverified Name>[10]
Actinocleidus fusiformis <Unverified Name>[10]
Alloglossidium kenti <Unverified Name>[10]
Amphimerus elongatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Azygia angusticauda[10]
Bothriocephalus claviceps[10]
Bothriocephalus cuspidatus[10]
Bothriocephalus formosus[10]
Bunodera luciopercae[10]
Caecincola latostoma[10]
Caecincola parvulus[10]
Camallanus oxycephalus <Unverified Name>[10]
Clavunculus bursatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Clinostomum complanatum[10]
Contracaecum spiculigerum[10]
Crepidostomum cooperi[10]
Cryptogonimus chili[10]
Diplostomulum metacercaria <Unverified Name>[10]
Diplostomum spathaceum[10]
Echinochasmus donaldsoni[10]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[10]
Eustrongylides ignotus <Unverified Name>[10]
Genarchopsis goppo[10]
Gnathostoma nipponicum <Unverified Name>[10]
Goezia sinamora <Unverified Name>[10]
Goezia spinulosa <Unverified Name>[10]
Gyrodactylus macrochiri[10]
Haplocleidus furcatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Homalometron armatum[10]
Huffmanela huffmani <Unverified Name>[10]
Leptorhynchoides thecatus[10]
Leuceruthrus micropteri[10]
Neoechinorhynchus cylindratus[10]
Neoechinorhynchus prolixoides[10]
Onchocleidus dispar <Unverified Name>[10]
Onchocleidus furcatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Onchocleidus helicis <Unverified Name>[10]
Onchocleidus principalis <Unverified Name>[10]
Phyllodistomum lohrenzi <Unverified Name>[10]
Polyacanthorhynchus kenyensis[10]
Polymorphus brevis[10]
Pomphorhynchus bulbocolli[10]
Pomphorhynchus lucyi[10]
Pomphorhynchus rocci[10]
Prohemistomum chandleri <Unverified Name>[10]
Proteocephalus ambloplitis <Unverified Name>[10]
Proteocephalus fluviatilis <Unverified Name>[10]
Proteocephalus pearsei <Unverified Name>[10]
Proterometra macrostoma[10]
Rhabdochona lichtenfelsi <Unverified Name>[10]
Rhabdochona milleri[10]
Schyzocotyle acheilognathi[10]
Spinitectus carolini <Unverified Name>[10]
Spinitectus micracanthus <Unverified Name>[10]
Spiroxys contorta <Unverified Name>[10]
Thometrema lotzi[10]
Tylodelphys scheuringi <Unverified Name>[10]
Urocleidus principalis <Unverified Name>[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Audubon Zoo
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Buttonwood Park Zoo
Caldwell Zoo
Cameron Park Zoo
Chicago Zoological Park
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Dakota Zoo
ECHO Lake Aquarium & Science Center
Florida Aquarium
Jackson Zoological Park
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Louisville Zoological Garden
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Museum de Besanconsalmoides
Nat'l Mississippi River Museum & Aquar
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science
Vancouver Aquarium Marine Science Ctr
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr
Wonders of Wildlife Museum

Range Map

Africa-Inland Waters; Algeria; America, North - Inland waters; America, South - Inland waters; Argentina; Asia - Inland waters; Australian; Austria; Belarus; Belgium; Bolivia; Botswana; Brazil; Cameroon; Canada; China; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Danube; Denmark; Dominican Republic; Egypt; El Salvador; Estonia; Ethiopian; Europe - Inland waters; Fiji Islands; Finland; Former USSR - Inland waters; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Great Lake; Guam; Guatemala; Han; Hawaii (USA); Honduras; Hong Kong; Hungary; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Italy; Japan; Kariba; Kenya; Korea, Dem. People's Rep; Korea, Republic of; Kum; Lake Biwa; Lake Lanao; Lake Victoria; Lake Waccamaw; Latvia; Lesotho; Lithuania; Loire; Madagascar; Malawi; Malaysia; Mauritius; Mexico; Mississippi; Missouri; Morocco; Nakdong; Namibia; Nearctic; Neotropical; Netherlands; New Caledonia; North America: St. Lawrence - Great Lakes, Hudson Bay (Red River), and Mississippi River basins; Atlantic drainages from North Carolina to Florida and to northern Mexico. The species has been introduced widely as a game fish and is now cosmopolitan. Se; North America: St. Lawrence - Great Lakes, Hudson Bay (Red River), and Mississippi River basins; Atlantic drainages from North Carolina to Florida and to northern Mexico. The species has been introduced widely as a game fish and is now cosmopolitan. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.; Norway; Oceania - Inland waters; Oriental; Palearctic; Panama; Philippines; Poland; Portugal; Puerto Rico; Rio Grande; Russian Federation; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovakia; South Africa; Spain; Swaziland; Sweden; Switzerland; Taiwan; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Tigris; Tunisia; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Ukraine; United Kingdom; Volga; Zambezi; Zambia; Zimbabwe;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
6Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177
7Aonyx capensis, Serge Larivière, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 671, pp. 1–6 (2001)
8del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
9Lutra maculicollis, Serge Larivière, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 712, pp. 1–6 (2002)
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access