Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Scorpaeniformes > Cottidae > Myoxocephalus > Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus
 

Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus (Sculpin; Great sculpin)

Synonyms: Cottus polyacanthocephalus
Language: Japanese; Korean; Mandarin Chinese; Polish; Russian

Wikipedia Abstract

Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus, also known as the great sculpin, is a North Pacific species of sculpin in the family Cottidae. Its range encompasses the Bering Sea and the Aleutian Islands, and extends from Hokkaido and the Kamchatka Peninsula to the Puget Sound, Washington.It is the largest member of the genus Myoxocephalus and the second most common in the Bering Sea. It can grow to a size of 80 cm and 9 kg weight.Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus is a predatory fish.
View Wikipedia Record: Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus

Attributes

Migration [1]  Amphidromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada

Prey / Diet

Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[2]
Chionoecetes bairdi (southern Tanner crab)[2]
Chionoecetes opilio (snow crab)[3]
Erimacrus isenbeckii (hair crab)[2]
Eumicrotremus soldatovi (spinous lumpfish)[3]
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[3]
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)[2]
Hyas coarctatus (Arctic lyre crab)[2]
Lepidopsetta bilineata (Rock sole)[2]
Limanda aspera (Yellowfin sole)[2]
Liparis latifrons[3]
Lithodes aequispinus (golden king crab)[2]
Littorina scutulata (checkered periwinkle)[4]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[2]
Oregonia gracilis (graceful decorator crab)[3]
Pandalus goniurus (humpy shrimp)[2]
Paralithodes camtschaticus (red king crab)[3]
Paralithodes platypus (blue king crab)[3]
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)[2]
Sclerocrangon boreas (sculptured shrimp)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Albatrossia pectoralis (Pectoral rattail)1
Alcichthys elongatus2
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)1
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)1
Anarhichas minor (Spotted wolf-fish)1
Atheresthes evermanni (Kamchatka flounder)1
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)1
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)1
Bathyraja aleutica (Aleutian skate)2
Bathyraja maculata (White-blotched skate)2
Bathyraja matsubarai (Dusky-purple skate)1
Bathyraja minispinosa (Smallthorn skate)1
Bathyraja parmifera (Flathead skate)1
Bathyraja violacea (Okhotsk skate)1
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)1
Cepphus columba (Pigeon Guillemot)1
Dexistes rikuzenius (Rikuzen flounder)1
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)1
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)1
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)1
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)4
Gadus morhua (rock cod)1
Haliaeetus pelagicus (Steller's Sea-Eagle)1
Hemilepidotus jordani (Yellow Irish lord)2
Hemitripterus bolini (Bigmouth sculpin)1
Hemitripterus villosus (Shaggy sculpin)1
Hexagrammos decagrammus (Kelp greenling)1
Hexagrammos otakii (Greenling)2
Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling)1
Hippoglossoides dubius (Flathead flounder)1
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)1
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)1
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)2
Lamna ditropis (Salmon shark)1
Lepidopsetta polyxystra (Northern rock sole)1
Limanda aspera (Yellowfin sole)1
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)1
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)1
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)1
Myoxocephalus ochotensis (Okhotsk sculpin)4
Physiculus japonicus (Japanese codling)2
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)1
Pleuronectes quadrituberculatus (Alaska plaice)1
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)1
Somniosus pacificus (Pacific Sleeper Shark)1
Tanakius kitaharae (Willowy flounder)1
Uria aalge (Common Murre)1

Predators

Beringraja binoculata (Big skate)[2]
Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling)[5]
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[6]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[6]
Brachyphallus crenatus[6]
Contracaecum osculatum[6]
Diplocotyle olrikii[6]
Echinorhynchus gadi[6]
Genolinea anura[6]
Genolinea laticauda[6]
Neophasis oculatus[6]
Podocotyle enophrysi[6]
Progonus muelleri[6]
Prosorhynchus squamatus[6]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[6]
Tubulovesicula lindbergi[6]

Distribution

Alaska (USA); Canada; East Bering Sea; Gulf of Alaska; Japan; Korea, Republic of; Kuroshio Current; North Pacific: Hokkaido, Japan and Kamchatka, Russia through the Aleutian Islands to the Bering Sea coast of Alaska and Puget Sound, Washington, USA.; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; Russian Federation; Sea of Japan; Sea of Okhotsk; USA (contiguous states); West Bering Sea;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 3Feeding Interactions and Diet of Carnivorous Fishes in the Shelikhov Bay of the Sea of Okhotsk, V. V. Napazakov, Russian Journal of Marine Biology, 2008, Vol. 34, No. 7, pp. 452–460 4Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979 5The Diet of White-Spotted Greenling Hexagrammos stelleri (Hexagrammidae) on the West Kamchatka Shelf, V. V. Napazakov, Journal of Ichthyology, 2010, Vol. 50, No. 1, pp. 100–104 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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