Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Pleuronectidae > Platichthys > Platichthys stellatus
 

Platichthys stellatus (Starry flounder; Long-jaw flounder; Grindstone; Flounder; Emerywheel)

Synonyms: Platichthys rugosus; Pleuronectes stellatus
Language: Alutiiq; Danish; French; German; Haida; Inuktitut; Japanese; Korean; Mandarin Chinese; Polish; Portuguese; Russian; Salish; Tsimshian

Wikipedia Abstract

The starry flounder (Platichthys stellatus) is a common flatfish found around the margins of the North Pacific.The distinctive features of the starry flounder include the combination of black and white-to-orange bar on the dorsal and anal fins, as well as the skin covered with scales modified into tiny star-shaped plates or tubercles (thus both the common name and species epithet), resulting in a rough feel. The eyed side is black to dark brown, while the lower side is white or cream-colored.
View Wikipedia Record: Platichthys stellatus

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  11.03 lbs (5.01 kg)
Maximum Longevity [3]  24 years
Migration [2]  Catadromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Nipomo Dunes Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 3725 California, United States
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Ammodytes hexapterus (Stout sand lance)[4]
Amphiodia craterodmeta[5]
Echinarachnius parma (common sand dollar)[4]
Echiurus echiurus (Echiurud worm)[4]
Eleginus gracilis (Wachna cod)[4]
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[4]
Lumpenus fabricii (Slender eelblenny)[4]
Pelonaia corrugata[4]
Stegophiura nodosa[4]
Yoldia hyperborea (northern yoldia)[5]

Predators

Aequorea victoria (Water jellyfish)[4]
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)[6]
Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)[4]
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)[6]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[4]
Lethenteron camtschaticum (Arctic lamprey)[4]
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)[7]
Parahucho perryi (Stringfish)[4]
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)[4]
Phalacrocorax penicillatus (Brandt's Cormorant)[7]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Clavinema mariae <Unverified Name>[8]
Corynosoma strumosum[8]
Diplocotyle olrikii[8]
Echinorhynchus gadi[8]
Echinorhynchus lageniformis[8]
Gyrodactylus ackerti[4]
Gyrodactylus branchius[4]
Gyrodactylus robustus[4]
Gyrodactylus stellatus[4]
Gyrodactylus unicopula[4]
Lacistorhynchus tenuis[8]
Lecithaster gibbosus[8]
Nematobothrium filiforme[8]
Neophasis oculatus[8]
Nybelinia surmenicola[8]
Parahemiurus merus[8]
Podocotyle atomon[8]
Podocotyle enophrysi[8]
Podocotyle gibbonsia <Unverified Name>[8]
Podocotyle reflexa[8]
Tubulovesicula lindbergi[8]
Udonella caligorum[8]
Udonella ophiodontis[8]
Zoogonoides viviparus[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Coyote Point Museum
John G. Shedd Aquarium

Distribution

Alaska (USA); America, North - Inland waters; Amur; Arctic Ocean; Beaufort Sea; California Current; Canada; China; Chukchi Sea; East Bering Sea; East Siberian Sea; Europe - Inland waters; Fraser; Gulf of Alaska; Japan; Korea, Dem. People's Rep; Korea, Republic of; Kuril Islands; Kuroshio Current; Laptev Sea; North Pacific: Korea and southern Japan through the Bering Strait and Arctic Alaska (Ref. 2850) to the Coronation Gulf, Northwest Territories, Canada and Santa Barbara, southern California, USA. Hybridizes with <i>Parophrys vetulus</i> - the hybrid, cal; North Pacific: Korea and southern Japan through the Bering Strait and Arctic Alaska (Ref. 2850) to the Coronation Gulf, Northwest Territories, Canada and Santa Barbara, southern California, USA. Hybridizes with <i>Parophrys vetulus</i> - the hybrid, called <i>Inopsetta ischyra</i>, may be found from the Bering Sea to San Francisco, California, USA. Also hybridizes with <i>Kareius bicoloratus</i> (Ref. 27547).; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; Russian Federation; Sakhalin Island; Sea of Japan; Sea of Okhotsk; USA (contiguous states); West Bering Sea;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5"Autumn food of adult starry flounders, Platichthys stellatus, from the northeastern Bering Sea and the southeastern Chukchi Sea", Stephen C. Jewett and Howard M. Feder, J. Cons. int. Explor. Mer (1980) 39(1): 7-14 6Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979 7Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository. 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access