Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Centrarchidae > Pomoxis > Pomoxis nigromaculatus
 

Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass; Speckled bass; Shiner; Oswego bass; Moonfish; Marigane noire; Grass bass; Crawpie; Crappie; Calico bass; Black crappie)

Synonyms: Cantharus nigromaculatus; Centrarchus hexacanthus; Lepomis nigromaculatus; Pomotis hexacanthus; Pomoxis hexacanthus
Language: Danish; Finnish; French; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Portuguese; Russian; Spanish; Swedish

Attributes

Adult Weight [3]  3.30 lbs (1.50 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  2 years 6 months
Adult Length [2]  19 inches (49 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In a nest
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Polyphils
Brood Guarder [2]  Yes
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Litter Size [2]  188,000
Maximum Longevity [2]  15 years
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Amistad National Recreation Area   Texas, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Carl Sandburg Home National Hist. Site National Historic Site III 271 North Carolina, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Congaree Swamp National Park II 6095 South Carolina, United States
Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Cosumnes River Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 2138 California, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area V   Texas, United States
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Temperate Lakes LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Wisconsin, United States
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge IV 38256 Florida, United States
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Saint Croix International Historic Site   Maine, United States
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Ameiurus natalis (Yellow bullhead)[4]
Anax junius (green darner)[4]
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)[4]
Aquarius remigis (Common water strider)[4]
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)[4]
Corydalus cornutus (dobsonfly)[4]
Daphnia ambigua (Water flea)[4]
Dolomedes triton (Six-spottedfishingspider)[4]
Etheostoma olmstedi (Tessellated darter)[4]
Euglena gracilis (Euglena)[4]
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)[4]
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)[4]
Libellula lydia (Common whitetail)[4]
Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri (Aquatic worm)[4]
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)[4]
Macrobdella decora (Freshwater leech)[4]
Notemigonus crysoleucas (Golden shiner minnow)[4]
Pieris rapae (imported cabbageworm)[4]
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)[4]
Vespula maculifrons (eastern yellowjacket)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)3
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)1
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)3
Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)2
Ameiurus natalis (Yellow bullhead)5
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)6
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)2
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)3
Archilochus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird)1
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)4
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)2
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)1
Charadrius vociferus (Killdeer)2
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)6
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)1
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)1
Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)3
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)1
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)2
Etheostoma olmstedi (Tessellated darter)5
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)4
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)2
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)1
Hypentelium nigricans (Northern hog sucker)6
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)10
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)2
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)10
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)4
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)3
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)1
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)11
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)2
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)3
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)2
Notemigonus crysoleucas (Golden shiner minnow)6
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)6
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)1
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)4
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)1
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)2
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)1
Scalopus aquaticus (Eastern Mole)1
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)7
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)1
Strix varia (Barred Owl)4
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)2
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)1

Predators

Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)[4]
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)[4]
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)[4]
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)[4]
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)[4]
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)[4]

Providers

Shelter 
Hydrilla verticillata (waterthyme)[4]
Lemna minor (common duckweed)[4]
Nuphar lutea (yellow cowlily)[4]
Pediastrum boryanum (Green algae)[4]
Peltandra virginica (green arrow arum)[4]
Phragmites australis (common reed)[4]
Pontederia cordata (Pickerel Weed)[4]
Potamogeton nodosus (long-leaf pondweed)[4]
Saururus cernuus (lizard's tail)[4]
Scirpus cyperinus (Woolly Grass Bulrush)[4]
Typha latifolia (Reedmace)[4]
Utricularia vulgaris subsp. macrorhiza (greater bladderwort)[4]
Zizania aquatica (annual wildrice)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus dirus[5]
Actinocleidus flagellatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Bothriocephalus cuspidatus[5]
Camallanus oxycephalus <Unverified Name>[5]
Cleidodiscus vancleavei <Unverified Name>[5]
Clinostomum marginatum[5]
Crepidostomum cooperi[5]
Diplostomum spathaceum[5]
Eocollis arcanus[5]
Eustrongylides ignotus <Unverified Name>[5]
Haplocleidus dispar[5]
Leptorhynchoides thecatus[5]
Lyrodiscus longibasus <Unverified Name>[5]
Neoechinorhynchus cylindratus[5]
Onchocleidus grandis <Unverified Name>[5]
Pisciamphistoma stunkardi[5]
Posthodiplostomum minimum[5]
Proteocephalus ambloplitis <Unverified Name>[5]
Proteocephalus pearsei <Unverified Name>[5]
Pterocleidus biramosus <Unverified Name>[5]
Spinitectus carolini <Unverified Name>[5]
Spinitectus gracilis <Unverified Name>[5]
Tetracleidus capax <Unverified Name>[5]
Tetracleidus longus <Unverified Name>[5]
Tetracleidus stentor <Unverified Name>[5]
Tylodelphys scheuringi <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Chicago Zoological Park
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Florida Aquarium
Henry Vilas Zoo
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Nat'l Mississippi River Museum & Aquar
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr
Wonders of Wildlife Museum

Range Map

Link to Map
America, North - Inland waters; Canada; Fraser; Great Lakes; Lake Waccamaw; Mexico; Mississippi; Missouri; Nearctic; Neotropical; North America: widely introduced throughout USA that native range is difficult to determine; presumably Atlantic Slope from Virginia to Florida, Gulf Slope west to Texas in the USA, St. Lawrence-Great Lakes and Mississippi River basins from Quebec to Man; North America: widely introduced throughout USA that native range is difficult to determine; presumably Atlantic Slope from Virginia to Florida, Gulf Slope west to Texas in the USA, St. Lawrence-Great Lakes and Mississippi River basins from Quebec to Manitoba in Canada south to Gulf of Mexico.; Panama; Rio Grande; St. Lawrence; USA (contiguous states);

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , FishBase in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Images provided by Google Image Search
Range map provided by NatureServe. 2010. Digital Distribution Maps of the Freshwater Fishes in the Conterminous United States. Version 3.0. Arlington, VA. U.S.A.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011