Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Labridae > Thalassoma > Thalassoma bifasciatum

Thalassoma bifasciatum (Tikitiki; Parrotfish; Doctor fish; Bluehead wrasse; Bluehead; Blue mah; Blue head)

Synonyms: Julis nitida; Labrus bifasciatus; Thalassoma bisfaciatum; Thalassoma nitida
Language: Danish; German; Malay; Mandarin Chinese; Papiamento; Polish; Russian; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The bluehead wrasse or blue-headed wrasse, Thalassoma bifasciatum, is a species of saltwater fish in the wrasse family (Labridae) of order Perciformes native to the coral reefs of the tropical waters of the western Atlantic Ocean. Individuals are small (less than 110 mm standard length) and rarely live longer than two years. They form large schools over the reef and are important cleaner fish in the reefs they inhabit.
View Wikipedia Record: Thalassoma bifasciatum


Diet [1]  Carnivore, Planktivore
Maximum Longevity [2]  3 years
Water Biome [1]  Reef

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve VI 358906 Mexico    
Cayos Cochinos Archipelago National Park Natural Marine Monument   Honduras  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Isla Mujeres, Punta Cancun y Punta Nizuc National Park II 21428 Quintana Roo, Mexico    
Parque Marino Nacional Sistema Arrecifal Veracruzano National Park II 129688 Mexico      
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Saba Marine Park National Marine Park II 5573 Netherlands Antilles  
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      

Prey / Diet

Diadema antillarum (long-spined sea urchin)[3]
Undinula vulgaris[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Amblycirrhitus pinos (Redspotted Hawkflsh)1
Amphichthys cryptocentrus (Sapo bocon)1
Anisotremus surinamensis (Thicklip grunt)1
Balistes vetula (Turbot)1
Bodianus rufus (Spanish hogfish)1
Calamus bajonado (Jolthead porgy)1
Calamus calamus (Sugereye porgy)1
Calamus pennatula (Sheepshead porgy)1
Canthidermis sufflamen (Filefish)1
Canthigaster rostrata (Sharpnose pufferfish)1
Chromis cyanea (Blue chromis)1
Clepticus parrae (Sorrel chub)1
Diodon hystrix (Ajargo)1
Haemulon aurolineatum (Seize)1
Haemulon macrostomum (Spanish grunt)1
Haemulon sciurus (Yellow grunt)1
Halichoeres bivittatus (Slippery dick)1
Halichoeres poeyi (Black-ear wrasse)1
Halichoeres radiatus (Puddingwife wrasse)1
Harengula clupeola (Sardine)1
Jenkinsia lamprotaenia (Sweethead fry)1
Lactophrys bicaudalis (Trunkfish)1
Opistognathus aurifrons (Yellowhead jawfish)1
Prognathodes aculeatus (Poey's butterflyfish)1
Rhomboplites aurorubens (Vermillion snapper)1
Sanopus barbatus (Bearded toadfish)1
Selar crumenophthalmus (Steenbrass)1
Sphoeroides spengleri (Puffer)1
Sternoptyx pseudobscura (Hatchetfish)1
Trachinotus falcatus (Yellow-wax pompano)1
Xyrichtys splendens (Green Razorfish)1


Aulostomus maculatus (Trumpetfish)[3]
Mycteroperca venenosa (Yellow-finned grouper)[3]
Rypticus saponaceus (Three-spined soapfish)[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
Florida Aquarium
Houston Zoo, Inc.
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rotterdam Zoo
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr


Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Western Central; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Bermuda; Caribbean Sea; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Discovery Bay; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Gulf of Mexico; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Mexico; Montserrat; North Brazil Shelf; Puerto Rico; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Is.; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Venezuela; Virgin Islands (UK); Western Atlantic: Bermuda, Florida (USA), southeastern Gulf of Mexico and throughout the Caribbean Sea to northern South America.;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967)
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access