Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Achiridae > Trinectes > Trinectes maculatus

Trinectes maculatus (Hogchoker; Freshwater sole; Freshwater flounder)

Synonyms: Achirus fasciatus; Pleuronectes maculatus; Pleuronectes mollis; Trinectes fasciatus; Trinectes scabra
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Wikipedia Abstract

The hogchoker (Trinectes maculatus) is a small flatfish found along the Atlantic coast of North America, ranging from Massachusetts and Florida to Panama. They prefer brackish water, and are abundant in many bays and estuaries north of the Carolinas (another similar species replaces it south of the Carolinas). It is a member of the American sole family Achiridae. They are usually brown to dark brown in color, and lighter on their "blind side" (side lacking an eye).
View Wikipedia Record: Trinectes maculatus


Maximum Longevity [2]  6 years
Migration [1]  Catadromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve   Honduras      

Prey / Diet

Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[3]
Chrysaora quinquecirrha (sea nettle)[3]
Crassostrea virginica (American cupped oyster)[3]
Cyathura polita (Slender isopod)[3]
Fenestraria rhopalophylla (babies toes)[3]
Micropogonias undulatus (Atlantic croacker)[3]
Mya arenaria (Clam)[3]
Mytilopsis leucophaeata (Brackish water mussel)[3]
Nereis pelagica (gewone zeeduizendpoot)[3]
Rhithropanopeus harrisii (estuarine mud crab)[3]
Taphromysis louisianae[3]
Trinectes maculatus (Hogchoker)[3]


Anchoa mitchilli (Bay anchovy)[3]
Ariopsis felis (Sea catfish)[3]
Brevoortia tyrannus (Shad)[3]
Carcharhinus leucas (Zambezi shark)[3]
Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark)[4]
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)[3]
Micropogonias undulatus (Atlantic croacker)[3]
Morone americana (Wreckfish)[3]
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)[3]
Pandion haliaetus (Osprey)[3]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[3]
Rachycentron canadum (Sergent fish)[5]
Trinectes maculatus (Hogchoker)[3]
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr

Range Map

America, North - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Gulf of Mexico; Laguna de Términos; Mexico; North Brazil Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Panama; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Trinidad and Tobago; USA (contiguous states); Venezuela; Western Central Atlantic: Massachusetts to Florida, throughout the Gulf of Mexico, to Panama.;



Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at 2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4DIET OF THE SANDBAR SHARK, CARCHARHINUS PLUMBEUS, IN CHESAPEAKE BAY AND ADJACENT WATERS, Julia K. Ellis, Masters Thesis, The College of William and Mary, 2003 5Stomach content analysis of cobia, Rachycentron canadum, from lower Chesapeake Bay, Michael D. Arendt, John E. Olney, Jon A. Lucy, Fish. Bull. 99:665–670 (2001)
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access