Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Cypriniformes > Cyprinidae > Barbus > Barbus barbus

Barbus barbus (Barbel)

Synonyms: Barbus barbus barbus; Barbus barbus borysthenicus; Barbus barbus gallicus; Barbus communis; Barbus fluviatilis; Barbus fluviatilis alba; Barbus fluviatilis aurata; Barbus fluviatilis tyrasensis; Barbus mayori; Barbus vulgaris; Cyprinus barba; Cyprinus barbus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The common barbel, Barbus barbus, is a species of freshwater fish belonging to the family Cyprinidae. It shares the common name 'barbel' with its many relatives in the genus Barbus, of which it is the type species. In Great Britain it is usually referred to simply as the barbel; similar names are used elsewhere in Europe, such as barbeau in France. The name derives from the four whiskerlike structures located at the corners of the fish's mouth, which it uses to locate food.
View Wikipedia Record: Barbus barbus


Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Brood Dispersal [1]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Lithophils
Brood Guarder [1]  No
Migration [2]  Potamodromous


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Bobritzschtal 1535 Germany  
Bukovské vrchy 106836 Slovakia  
Dolina Srodkowej Pilicy 9359 Poland  
Dolina Wkry 59 Poland  
Keuperhügel und Unstrutniederung bei Mühlhausen 717 Germany  
Laborecká vrchovina 266172 Slovakia  
Legi Odrzanskie 44477 Poland  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Mole Gap to Reigate Escarpment 2194 England, United Kingdom  
Neusiedler See-Osterreichischer Teil   Austria      
NSG Unstruttal zwischen Nägelstedt und Großvargula 497 Germany  
Ostoja Nadbuzanska 113759 Poland  
Ostoja Przemyska 97994 Poland  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Rhoen Biosphere Reserve   Germany
River Avon 1231 England, United Kingdom
River Wye/ Afon Gwy 5523 England/Wales, United Kingdom  
Rzeka San 3397 Poland  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Studenetz 69315 Bulgaria  
Ulster 741 Germany  
Uroczyska Puszczy Drawskiej 183887 Poland  


Hucho hucho (danube salmon or huchen)[3]


Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus anguillae[4]
Acanthocephalus lucii[4]
Allocreadium isoporum[4]
Allocreadium markewitschi <Unverified Name>[4]
Apharyngostrigea cornu[4]
Apophallus muehlingi[4]
Archigetes brachyurus <Unverified Name>[4]
Archigetes sieboldi <Unverified Name>[4]
Aspidogaster limacoides[4]
Asymphylodora ferruginosa <Unverified Name>[4]
Asymphylodora markewitschi <Unverified Name>[4]
Bathybothrium rectangulum[4]
Biacetabulum appendiculatum <Unverified Name>[4]
Bolbophorus confusus[4]
Bucephalus polymorphus[4]
Caryophyllaeides fennica <Unverified Name>[4]
Caryophyllaeus brachycollis <Unverified Name>[4]
Caryophyllaeus laticeps <Unverified Name>[4]
Contracaecum squalii <Unverified Name>[4]
Corynosoma strumosum[4]
Cotylurus platycephalus <Unverified Name>[4]
Cucullanus dogieli <Unverified Name>[4]
Cyathocephalus truncatus[4]
Cystidicoloides ephemeridarum <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus affinis[4]
Dactylogyrus auriculatus[4]
Dactylogyrus balistae[4]
Dactylogyrus bocageii[4]
Dactylogyrus carpathicus[4]
Dactylogyrus cryptomeres[4]
Dactylogyrus dyki[4]
Dactylogyrus kulwieci[4]
Dactylogyrus linstowi[4]
Dactylogyrus malleus[4]
Dactylogyrus sphyrna[4]
Dactylogyrus vastator[4]
Digramma interrupta <Unverified Name>[4]
Diplostomum pseudospathaceum[4]
Diplostomum spathaceum[4]
Diplozoon gracile <Unverified Name>[4]
Diplozoon homoion <Unverified Name>[4]
Diplozoon megan <Unverified Name>[4]
Diplozoon paradoxum[4]
Eubothrium crassum[4]
Gyrodactylus barbi[4]
Gyrodactylus elegans[4]
Gyrodactylus hemibarbi[4]
Gyrodactylus katharineri[4]
Gyrodactylus malmbergi[4]
Gyrodactylus markewitschi[4]
Gyrodactylus pannonicus[4]
Hysteromorpha triloba[4]
Ichthyocotylurus variegatus[4]
Khawia baltica <Unverified Name>[4]
Markewitschiana triaxonis[4]
Metagonimus yokogawai[4]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[4]
Nicolla skrjabini[4]
Opisthorchis felineus[4]
Palaeorchis incognitus <Unverified Name>[4]
Paracoenogonimus ovatus[4]
Paradiplozoon homoion[4]
Paradiplozoon tisae <Unverified Name>[4]
Phyllodistomum elongatum <Unverified Name>[4]
Phyllodistomum folium[4]
Phyllodistomum macrocotyle <Unverified Name>[4]
Pomphorhynchus bosniacus[4]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[4]
Porrocaecum reticulatum <Unverified Name>[4]
Posthodiplostomum brevicaudatum[4]
Posthodiplostomum cuticola[4]
Proteocephalus torulosus[4]
Pseudocapillaria tomentosa <Unverified Name>[4]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[4]
Rhabdochona acuminata <Unverified Name>[4]
Rhabdochona denudata[4]
Rhabdochona gnedini <Unverified Name>[4]
Rhabdochona hellichi <Unverified Name>[4]
Schulmanella petruschewskii <Unverified Name>[4]
Schyzocotyle acheilognathi[4]
Sphaerostomum bramae <Unverified Name>[4]
Tetracotyle echinata <Unverified Name>[4]
Tylodelphys clavata[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
London Aquarium
Museum de Besancon
Ouwehand Zoo
Zoo Zürich


Africa-Inland Waters; Albegna; Andorra; Asia - Inland waters; Austria; Baltic Sea; Belarus; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; China; Croatia; Czech Republic; Dneper; Elbe; Europe - Inland waters; Europe: North of the Pyrénées and Alps, from Adour (France) eastward to Neman (Lithuania, Russia) drainages, in rivers draining to Atlantic, North sea and southern Baltic Sea; Danube to Dniepr drainages in northern Black Sea basin; southeastern England north to Yorkshire. Found almost throughout Mediterranean drainages of France. Locally introduced in northern and central Italy, rivers Wear, Tees and Medway and most western drainages of England.; Europe: excluding the Italian, Greek and Iberian peninsulas. The existence of subspecies in the Italian and Iberian peninsulas is recognized by authors: <i>Barbus barbus bocagei</i> in Portugal and central and northern Spain; <i>Barbus barbus plebejus</; Europe: excluding the Italian, Greek and Iberian peninsulas. The existence of subspecies in the Italian and Iberian peninsulas is recognized by authors: <i>Barbus barbus bocagei</i> in Portugal and central and northern Spain; <i>Barbus barbus plebejus</i> in Italy; <i>Barbus barbus sclateri</i> in southern Portugal and southern Spain.; Fiora; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Gibraltar; Hungary; Ireland; Italy; Liechtenstein; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Malta; Meuse; Moldova, Republic of; Monaco; Morocco; Netherlands; Ombrone; Palearctic; Poland; Romania; Russian Federation; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovakia; Switzerland; Thames; Ukraine; United Kingdom;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4,, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access