Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Salmoniformes > Salmonidae > Thymallus > Thymallus thymallus
 

Thymallus thymallus (Grayling; European grayling)

Synonyms: Salmo thymallus; Salmo thymus; Thymallus aeliani; Thymallus decorus; Thymallus gymnogaster; Thymallus gymnothorax; Thymallus thymallus kamensis; Thymallus umbrosa; Thymallus vexillifer; Thymallus vulgaris; Thymalus gymnogaster; Thymalus gymnothorax
Language: Albanian; Bulgarian; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Estonian; Finnish; French; German; Hungarian; Italian; Latvian; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Slovak; Spanish; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

The grayling (Thymallus thymallus) is a species of freshwater fish in the salmon family of order Salmoniformes. It is the type species of its genus. Native to the Palearctic ecozone, the grayling is widespread throughout northern Europe, from the United Kingdom and France to the Ural Mountains in Russia. While it was introduced to Morocco in 1948, it does not appear to have become established there.
View Wikipedia Record: Thymallus thymallus

Attributes

Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Lithophils
Brood Guarder [1]  Yes
Diet [1]  Carnivore (Vertebrates)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Abavas senleja 36900 Latvia  
Ammerån 10115 Sweden  
Avijõe 71 Estonia  
Berwyn a Mynyddoedd de Clwyd/ Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains 67265 Wales, United Kingdom
Beskid Zywiecki 87169 Poland  
Biotopo Ahrau di Stegona 44 Italy  
Bobritzschtal 1535 Germany  
Bory Tucholskie 797004 Poland  
Boschi del Ticino 50788 Italy  
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Czarna Orawa 455 Poland  
Dammån 217 Sweden  
Dolina Bialki 1769 Poland  
Dolina Grabowej 20399 Poland  
Dolina Lupawy 13612 Poland  
Dolina Radwi, Chocieli i Chotli 54021 Poland  
Dolina Wieprzy i Studnicy 35457 Poland  
Dolomiti Friulane 90787 Italy  
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorzecze Parsety 68474 Poland  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Elstersteilhänge 1628 Germany  
Fontanazzo 133 Italy  
Färnebofjärden 12570 Sweden  
Gagnån 784 Sweden  
Galvån 54 Sweden  
Garzaie del Parco Adda Sud 242 Italy  
Gaujas nacionalais parks 227982 Latvia  
Gimån; Uppströms Holmsjön 35718 Sweden  
Gysinge 1168 Sweden  
HAUTES-VOSGES, HAUT-RHIN 58515 France  
Hårkan 14187 Sweden  
Ihamaru-Tilleoru 1024 Estonia  
Jezioro Lubie i Dolina Drawy 37181 Poland  
KETTUJOKI-VASKOJOKI 4930 Finland  
Keuperhügel und Unstrutniederung bei Mühlhausen 717 Germany  
Kitka 30673 Finland  
Kivach Zapovednik IV 26885 Karelia, Russia
Kristiinankaupungin saaristo 19914 Finland  
La Rocchetta 220 Italy  
Laborecká vrchovina 266172 Slovakia  
Lachsbach- und Sebnitztal 1552 Germany  
Lago di Mezzola e Pian di Spagna 3981 Italy  
Lahemaa 183898 Estonia  
Lake Torne Area Biosphere Reserve 238457 Sweden  
Ljusnan (Hede-Svegsjön) 4787 Sweden  
Långan; Nedströms Landösjön 902 Sweden  
Lüübnitsa 3811 Estonia  
Mellanljusnan Korskrogen-Edeforsen 1509 Sweden  
Mellanljusnan Laforsen-Korskrogen 1175 Sweden  
Moälven 7897 Sweden  
Mõdriku-Roela 4006 Estonia    
NSG Effeldertal 432 Germany  
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Olkijokisuu-Pattijoen pohjoishaara 499 Finland  
Ostoja Welska 8363 Poland  
Palakmäe 341 Estonia  
Parco Naturale Adamello 53676 Italy  
Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio National Park V 333737 Italy
Parco Regionale Oglio Sud 9941 Italy  
Parco Regionale Orobie Valtellinesi 56377 Italy  
Peak District Dales 5748 England, United Kingdom
Peetri jõe 1229 Estonia  
Pieniny 5773 Poland  
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Rahjan saaristo 20710 Finland    
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Rheinsberger Rhin und Hellberge 2123 Germany  
River Avon 1231 England, United Kingdom
River Eden 6087 England, United Kingdom  
Ruunaa 29598 Finland  
Räpina 138 Estonia  
Rörströmsälven (Jämtlands län) 4776 Sweden  
Sandr Brdy 18515 Poland  
Schwarzatal ab Goldisthal mit Zuflüssen 4702 Germany  
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Shingle Islands 192 Scotland, United Kingdom
Sirtsi 16585 Estonia    
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
Stawy Sobieszowskie 592 Poland  
Struuga 4238 Estonia    
Stura di Demonte 2901 Italy  
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
Tjeggelvas 81076 Sweden  
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Uroczyska Puszczy Drawskiej 183887 Poland  
Valle dell'Adige 35 Italy  
Visimskiy Zapovednik Biosphere Reserve 443816 Russia  
Voxnan 1910 Sweden  
Voxnan (Jämtlands län) 324 Sweden  
Västra Vättern 146577 Sweden  
Vättern (södra) 122343 Sweden  
Vättern (östra) 158858 Sweden  
Võhandu jõe 55 Estonia  
Werra bis Treffurt mit Zuflüssen 5585 Germany  
Ziemelgauja 53743 Latvia  
Zona umida di Les Iles di Saint - Marcel 86 Italy  
Ängraån 693 Sweden  

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus anguillae[2]
Acanthocephalus clavula[2]
Acanthocephalus lucii[2]
Allocreadium isoporum <Unverified Name>[2]
Allocreadium transversale <Unverified Name>[2]
Ascaris thymalli <Unverified Name>[2]
Azygia lucii[2]
Bunodera luciopercae[2]
Camallanus lacustris[2]
Capillaria salvelini <Unverified Name>[2]
Capillaria tenuissima <Unverified Name>[2]
Caryophyllaeides fennica <Unverified Name>[2]
Comephoronema werestchagini <Unverified Name>[2]
Contracaecum osculatum[2]
Corynosoma semerme[2]
Corynosoma strumosum[2]
Cotylurus erraticus[2]
Crepidostomum baicalense <Unverified Name>[2]
Crepidostomum farionis[2]
Crepidostomum metoecus[2]
Cucullanus truttae <Unverified Name>[2]
Cyathocephalus truncatus <Unverified Name>[2]
Cystidicola farionis <Unverified Name>[2]
Cystidicoloides ephemeridarum <Unverified Name>[2]
Cystidicoloides tenuissima <Unverified Name>[2]
Desmidocercella numidica <Unverified Name>[2]
Diphyllobothrium dendriticum[2]
Diphyllobothrium ditremum[2]
Diphyllobothrium latum[2]
Diphyllobothrium plerocercoid <Unverified Name>[2]
Diplostomum commutatum[2]
Diplostomum helveticum[2]
Diplostomum mergi <Unverified Name>[2]
Diplostomum paracaudum <Unverified Name>[2]
Diplostomum rutili[2]
Diplostomum spathaceum[2]
Diplostomum volvens[2]
Discocotyle sagittata[2]
Echinorhynchus angustatus <Unverified Name>[2]
Echinorhynchus cinctulus[2]
Echinorhynchus gadi[2]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[2]
Echinorhynchus truttae[2]
Eubothrium salvelini[2]
Filochona sulaki <Unverified Name>[2]
Gyrodactylus salaris (Salmon Fluke)[2]
Gyrodactylus thymalli <Unverified Name>[2]
Gyrodactylus truttae <Unverified Name>[2]
Ichthyocotylurus erraticus[2]
Ichthyocotylurus metacercaria <Unverified Name>[2]
Ichthyocotylurus variegatus[2]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[2]
Nicolla proavitum <Unverified Name>[2]
Nicolla testiobliqua <Unverified Name>[2]
Nicolla wisniewskii <Unverified Name>[2]
Paracoenogonimus ovatus <Unverified Name>[2]
Paradiplozoon homoion[2]
Phyllodistomum conostomum[2]
Phyllodistomum folium[2]
Phyllodistomum megalorchis <Unverified Name>[2]
Phyllodistomum simile <Unverified Name>[2]
Plagioporus stefanski <Unverified Name>[2]
Polymorphus phippsi[2]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[2]
Proteocephalus exiguus[2]
Proteocephalus longicollis[2]
Proteocephalus thymalli <Unverified Name>[2]
Pseudoechinorhynchus borealis <Unverified Name>[2]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[2]
Rhabdochona denudata[2]
Rhabdochona gnedini <Unverified Name>[2]
Schulmanella petruschewskii <Unverified Name>[2]
Sphaerostomum bramae <Unverified Name>[2]
Sterliadochona tenuissima <Unverified Name>[2]
Tetraonchus borealis <Unverified Name>[2]
Triaenophorus crassus[2]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[2]
Tylodelphys clavata[2]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
London Aquarium
Museum de Besancon
Universeum Science Center

Distribution

Arctic Ocean; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Baltic Sea; Belarus; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Elbe; Estonia; Europe - Inland waters; Europe: Barent Sea basin west of Urals, Caspian, Black, Baltic, White and North Sea basins, Atlantic westward to Loire drainage; Rhône drainage; northern Adriatic basin east to Soca drainage. Introduced over most of southern and central Finland. Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna).; Europe: England and France to the Ural Mountains in northwest Russia. Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna).; Finland; France; Garonne; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Hungary; Italy; Latvia; Lithuania; Loire; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Moldova, Republic of; Netherlands; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Palearctic; Poland; Rhine; Rhône; Romania; Russian Federation; Seine; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovakia; Slovenia; Sweden; Switzerland; Ukraine; United Kingdom; Ural; Volga;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4, www.freshwaterecology.info, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012). 2Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011