Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Carcharhiniformes > Triakidae > Galeorhinus > Galeorhinus galeus
 

Galeorhinus galeus (Vitamin shark; Tope soupfin shark; Tope Shark; Tope school shark; Tope oil shark; Tope; Sweet William shark; Soupfin shark; Snapper shark; Sharpie shark; School shark; School Shark; Schnapper shark; Penny's dog; Hundshai; Greyshark; Greyboy; Flake; Eastern school shark)

Synonyms: Carcharhinus cyrano; Eugaleus galeus; Galeorhinus australis; Galeorhinus chilensis; Galeorhinus galeo; Galeorhinus vitaminicus; Galeorhinus zyopterus; Galeus australis; Galeus canis; Galeus chilensis; Galeus communis; Galeus linnei; Galeus molinae; Galeus nilssoni; Galeus vulgaris; Galeus zyopterus; Notogaleus australis; Notogaleus rhinophanes; Squalus galeus; Squalus rhinophanes
Language: Afrikaans; Albanian; Arabic; Catalan; Croatian; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Faroese; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Haida; Hebrew; Icelandic; Italian; Maltese; Mandarin Chinese; Maori; Norwegian; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Salish; Serbian; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish

Wikipedia Abstract

Galeorhinus galeus is a houndshark of the family Triakidae, and the only member of the genus Galeorhinus. Common names include school shark, tope shark, soupfin shark, and snapper shark. It is found worldwide in temperate seas at depths down to about 800 metres (2,600 ft). It can grow to a length nearly 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) long. It feeds both in mid-water and near the seabed, and its reproduction is ovoviviparous.
View Wikipedia Record: Galeorhinus galeus

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  54.20 lbs (24.59 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  12 years 7 months
Litter Size [1]  25
Maximum Longevity [1]  55 years
Migration [2]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  

Prey / Diet

Agonus cataphractus (Pogge)[3]
Alosa sapidissima (American shad)[4]
Anguilla anguilla (River eel)[3]
Anoplopoma fimbria (Skil)[4]
Argentina silus (Atlantic argentine)[3]
Asterias rubens (Starfish)[3]
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)[4]
Belone belone (Garfish)[3]
Callionymus lyra (european dragonet)[3]
Cancer pagurus (Rock crab)[3]
Capros aper (cuckoofish)[3]
Carcinus maenas (green crab)[3]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[3]
Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)[4]
Crangon allmanni[3]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[3]
Cynoscion guatucupa (Stripped weakfish)[5]
Doryteuthis sanpaulensis[5]
Dules auriga[5]
Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta)[4]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[3]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[4]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[3]
Glyptocephalus zachirus (Witch)[4]
Hemilepidotus spinosus (Brown Irish lord)[4]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[3]
Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Halibut)[4]
Illex argentinus (Argentine Shortfin Squid)[6]
Lepidopus caudatus (Southern frostfish)[3]
Limanda limanda (Sand dab)[3]
Liocarcinus holsatus (flying crab)[3]
Macropipus tuberculatus (portunid crab)[3]
Macroramphosus scolopax (Trumpetfish)[3]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[3]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[3]
Merluccius productus (Whiting)[4]
Metacarcinus anthonyi (yellow crab)[3]
Metacarcinus magister (Dungeness crab)[4]
Nototodarus gouldi (Gould's squid)[3]
Octopus tehuelchus (Tehuelche octopus)[5]
Oncorhynchus keta (Calico salmon)[4]
Oncorhynchus nerka (sockeye salmon or kokanee)[4]
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)[4]
Pagellus acarne (Spanish seabream)[3]
Pagellus bogaraveo (Sea-bream)[3]
Pagrus pagrus (Red porgy)[3]
Pagurus bernhardus (Bernhard's hermit crab)[3]
Parophrys vetulus (English sole)[4]
Phycis phycis (Fork-beard)[3]
Pleurobrachia pileus (Sea gooseberry)[3]
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)[3]
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)[3]
Porichthys porosissimus (atlantic midshipman)[5]
Raneya brasiliensis[5]
Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)[4]
Scomber japonicus (Striped mackerel)[3]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[3]
Sepia orbignyana (pink cuttlefish)[3]
Sepiola atlantica (Atlantic Bobtail)[3]
Solea solea (True sole)[3]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[3]
Thyrsites atun (snake mackerel)[3]
Trachurus picturatus (Scad)[3]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[3]
Trisopterus esmarkii (Norway pout)[3]
Trisopterus luscus (Whiting-pout)[3]
Trisopterus minutus (poor cod)[3]
Umbrina canosai (Argentine croaker)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Astroscopus sexspinosus (Brazilian stargazer)1
Atlantoraja platana (Ray)1
Bathyraja brachyurops (Common ray)1
Caulolatilus microps (Grey tilefish)1
Cephalorhynchus commersonii (Commerson's Dolphin)1
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)1
Cynoscion guatucupa (Stripped weakfish)1
Diomedea exulans (Wandering Albatross)1
Feresa attenuata (Pygmy Killer Whale)1
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)1
Helicolenus lahillei (rosefish)2
Istiophorus albicans (Sailfish)1
Kajikia albida (Marlin)1
Katsuwonus pelamis (White bonito)1
Kogia breviceps (Pygmy Sperm Whale)1
Kogia sima (Dwarf Sperm Whale)1
Lagenodelphis hosei (Fraser's Dolphin)3
Lagenorhynchus australis (Peale's Dolphin)1
Lagenorhynchus obscurus (Dusky Dolphin)1
Merluccius hubbsi (Southwest Atlantic hake)2
Notorynchus cepedianus (Tiger shark)1
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)1
Paralichthys isosceles1
Paralichthys patagonicus (Patagonian flounder)1
Percophis brasiliensis (Brazilian flathead)1
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)1
Polyprion americanus (Wreck-fish)1
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)4
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)1
Salilota australis (Tadpole codling)1
Schroederichthys bivius (Narrowmouthed catshark)3
Scyliorhinus besnardi (Polkadot catshark)1
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)1
Squatina argentina (Argentine angelfish)1
Squatina occulta (Smoothback angel shark)1
Thalassarche chrysostoma (Grey-headed Albatross)1
Thalassarche melanophris (Black-browed Albatross)1
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)1
Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin-tuna)1
Thunnus obesus (Tuna)1
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)1
Urophycis brasiliensis (Hake)1
Urophycis mystacea1
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)1
Zearaja chilensis (Yellownose skate)2

Predators

Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)[3]
Notorynchus cepedianus (Tiger shark)[7]
Zalophus californianus (California Sealion)[3]
Zalophus japonicus (Japanese Sealion)[3]
Zalophus wollebaeki (Galapagos Sea Lion)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anthobothrium cornucopia[8]
Anthobothrium galeorhini[8]
Anthobothrium laciniatum[3]
Calliobothrium creevayae <Unverified Name>[9]
Calliobothrium verticillatum[8]
Corynosoma australe[8]
Erpocotyle grisea[8]
Gilquinia robertsoni[8]
Hepatoxylon megacephalum[8]
Hepatoxylon trichiuri[8]
Hexabothrium akaroensis[3]
Lacistorhynchus tenuis[8]
Nybelinia thyrsites[8]

Distribution

Aegean Sea; Agulhas Current; Albania; Algeria; Angola; Arabian Sea; Argentina; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Australia; Belgium; Benguela Current; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Brazil; California Current; Canada; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cantabrian Sea; Cape Verde; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Chile; China; Congo, Dem. Rep. of the; Congo, Republic of; Croatia; Cyprus; Côte d'Ivoire; Denmark; East Brazil Shelf; East Central Australian Shelf; Ecuador; Egypt; Faeroe Islands; Faroe Plateau; France; Gabon; Galician Shelf; Gambia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Gibraltar; Greece; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Gulf of Alaska; Hawaii (USA); Humboldt Current; Iberian Coastal; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Indian Ocean, Western; Insular Pacific-Hawaiian; Ireland; Isle of Man; Israel; Italy; Lebanon; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Madeira Islands; Malta; Mauritania; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Mexico; Monaco; Morocco; Mozambique; Namibia; Netherlands; New Zealand; New Zealand Shelf; Nigeria; North Sea; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Pacific Central-American Coastal; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Southeast; Pacific, Southwest; Pacific, Western Central; Patagonian Shelf; Persian Gulf; Peru; Peru-Galapagos Waters; Portugal; Sea of Marmara; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; South Africa; South Brazil Shelf; Southwest Australian Shelf; Southwest Chilean Waters; Spain; Sweden; Syrian Arab Republic; Tasman Sea; Tunisia; Turkey; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom; Uruguay; West Central Australian Shelf; Western Sahara; Widespread in temperate waters (Ref. 52183). Western Atlantic: southern Brazil to Argentina. Eastern Atlantic: Iceland to South Africa, including the Mediterranean. Western Indian Ocean: South Africa. Western Pacific: Australia and New Zealand. E; Widespread in temperate waters (Ref. 52183). Western Atlantic: southern Brazil to Argentina. Eastern Atlantic: Iceland to South Africa, including the Mediterranean. Western Indian Ocean: South Africa. Western Pacific: Australia and New Zealand. Eastern Pacific: Hawaii; British Columbia, Canada to southern Baja California and the Gulf of California in Mexico; Peru and Chile.;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository. 5Food habits, selectivity, and foraging modes of the school shark Galeorhinus galeus, Luis O. Lucifora, Verónica B. García, Roberto C. Menni, Alicia H. Escalante, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 315: 259–270, 2006 6Santos RA, Haimovici M. 2000. The Argentine short-finned squid Illex argentinus in the food webs of southern Brazil. Sarsia 85:49-60 7Reproduction, abundance and feeding habits of the broadnose sevengill shark Notorynchus cepedianus in north Patagonia, Argentina, Luis O. Lucifora, Roberto C. Menni, Alicia H. Escalante, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 289: 237–244, 2005 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 9Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access