Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Cypriniformes > Cyprinidae > Leuciscus > Leuciscus leuciscus

Leuciscus leuciscus (Dace; Hasel; Graining; Eurasian dace; Common dace)

Synonyms: Cyprinus dobula; Cyprinus graining; Cyprinus grislagine; Cyprinus lancastriensis; Cyprinus leuciscus; Cyprinus mugilis; Cyprinus salax; Cyprinus simus; Cyprinus squalus; Cyprinus umbra; Idus stagnalis; Leuciscus dobula; Leuciscus leuciscus roulei; Leuciscus majalis; Leuciscus rodens; Leuciscus rostratus; Leuciscus saltator; Leuciscus vulgaris; Squalius chalybeius; Squalius lepusculus; Squalius leuciscus elata; Squalius leuciscus elongata; Squalius leuciscus lateristriga; Squalius mehdem; Squalius vulgaris argenteus; Squalius vulgaris leptorhinus; Squalius vulgaris minor; Squalius vulgaris robustior
Language: Arabic; Bulgarian; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Estonian; Finnish; French; Gaelic, Irish; German; Hungarian; Italian; Kirghiz; Latvian; Lithuanian; Lituanian; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Other; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Slovak; Slovenian; Spanish; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

The common dace (Leuciscus leuciscus), the dace or the Eurasian dace, is a fresh- or brackish-water fish belonging to the family Cyprinidae. It is an inhabitant of the rivers and streams of Europe north of the Alps as well as in Northern Asia. It is abundant in much of its range, and has also spread to Ireland where it is used as a bait fish. It will grow to a maximum length of 40 cm (1 ft 4 in), a maximum weight of 1 kg (2.2 lb), and may live for up to 16 years. In angling, the dace is known to respond to dry flies, particularly in the summer months.
View Wikipedia Record: Leuciscus leuciscus


Adult Weight [1]  1.21 lbs (550 g)
Female Maturity [3]  3 years 4 months
Male Maturity [1]  3 years 3 months
Diet [2]  Omnivore
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Lithophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Maximum Longevity [3]  16 years
Migration [4]  Potamodromous


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Berwyn a Mynyddoedd de Clwyd/ Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains 67265 Wales, United Kingdom
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Biotopverbund Spreeaue 1540 Germany  
Breckland 18652 England, United Kingdom
Dolina Lupawy 13612 Poland  
Dolina Wieprzy i Studnicy 35457 Poland  
Drahendorfer Spreeniederung 1528 Germany  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Elstertal zwischen Greiz und Wünschendorf 3959 Germany  
Föritzgrund 489 Germany  
Fenland 1529 England, United Kingdom
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Helme mit Mühlgräben 111 Germany  
Kennet and Lambourn Floodplain 283 England, United Kingdom  
Keuperhügel und Unstrutniederung bei Mühlhausen 717 Germany  
Kivach Zapovednik IV 26885 Karelia, Russia
Kostomukshsky Zapovednik Ia 117269 Karelia, Russia
Laborecká vrchovina 266172 Slovakia  
Müggelspreeniederung 1558 Germany  
Nene Washes 218 England, United Kingdom
Oberlauf der Milz 158 Germany  
Oberlausitzer Heide - und Teichlandschaft Nature Reserve IV 32467 Germany  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Portholme 227 England, United Kingdom  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
River Wensum 943 England, United Kingdom  
Säveån, nedre delen 84 Sweden  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Stodmarsh 1395 England, United Kingdom
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Visimskiy Zapovednik Biosphere Reserve 443816 Russia  
Werra bis Treffurt mit Zuflüssen 5585 Germany  
Wettera 311 Germany  

Prey / Diet

Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[5]
Gammarus pulex[5]


Esox lucius (Jack)[5]
Leuciscus aspius (Asp)[5]
Lutra lutra (European Otter)[5]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[5]
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)[5]
Squalius cephalus (European chub)[5]


Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus anguillae[6]
Acanthocephalus clavula[6]
Acanthocephalus lucii[6]
Allocreadium isoporum[6]
Allocreadium transversale <Unverified Name>[6]
Apophallus muehlingi[6]
Asymphylodora imitans[6]
Biacetabulum appendiculatum <Unverified Name>[6]
Bucephalus polymorphus[6]
Bunodera luciopercae[6]
Capillaria brevispicula <Unverified Name>[6]
Capillaria tomentosa <Unverified Name>[6]
Caryophyllaeides ergensi <Unverified Name>[6]
Caryophyllaeides fennica <Unverified Name>[6]
Caryophyllaeus fimbriceps <Unverified Name>[6]
Caryophyllaeus laticeps <Unverified Name>[6]
Cottocomephoronema problematica <Unverified Name>[6]
Cotylurus platycephalus <Unverified Name>[6]
Cucullanus dogieli <Unverified Name>[6]
Cyathocotyle prussica <Unverified Name>[6]
Cystidicoloides tenuissima <Unverified Name>[6]
Dactylogyrus alatus[6]
Dactylogyrus cordus[6]
Dactylogyrus cornu[6]
Dactylogyrus crucifer[6]
Dactylogyrus fallax[6]
Dactylogyrus haplogonus[6]
Dactylogyrus minor[6]
Dactylogyrus nanus[6]
Dactylogyrus ramulosus[6]
Dactylogyrus robustus[6]
Dactylogyrus similis[6]
Dactylogyrus sphyrna[6]
Dactylogyrus suecicus[6]
Dactylogyrus tuba[6]
Dactylogyrus vistulae[6]
Dactylogyrus yinwenyingae[6]
Desmidocercella numidica <Unverified Name>[6]
Diplostomulum clavatum <Unverified Name>[6]
Diplostomum chromatophorum[6]
Diplostomum commutatum[6]
Diplostomum helveticum[6]
Diplostomum mergi <Unverified Name>[6]
Diplostomum paraspathaceum[6]
Diplostomum rutili[6]
Diplostomum spathaceum[6]
Diplostomum volvens[6]
Diplozoon paradoxum[6]
Discocotyle sagittata[6]
Gyrodactylus aphyae[6]
Gyrodactylus carassii[6]
Gyrodactylus elegans[6]
Gyrodactylus gasterostei[6]
Gyrodactylus laevis[6]
Gyrodactylus leucisci[6]
Gyrodactylus osoblahensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Gyrodactylus prostae <Unverified Name>[6]
Gyrodactylus tulensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Gyrodactylus vimbi <Unverified Name>[6]
Ichthyocotylurus metacercaria <Unverified Name>[6]
Ichthyocotylurus pileatus[6]
Ichthyocotylurus platycephalus[6]
Ichthyocotylurus variegatus[6]
Ligula intestinalis[6]
Metagonimus yokogawai[6]
Metorchis albidus[6]
Metorchis bilis[6]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[6]
Nicolla skrjabini[6]
Opisthorchis felineus[6]
Palaeorchis incognitus <Unverified Name>[6]
Paracoenogonimus ovatus[6]
Paradiplozoon homoion[6]
Paradiplozoon leucisci <Unverified Name>[6]
Pellucidhaptor rogersi[6]
Philometra abdominalis <Unverified Name>[6]
Philometra intestinalis <Unverified Name>[6]
Philometra ovata <Unverified Name>[6]
Philometra rischta <Unverified Name>[6]
Phyllodistomum dogieli <Unverified Name>[6]
Phyllodistomum elongatum <Unverified Name>[6]
Phyllodistomum folium[6]
Phyllodistomum macrocotyle <Unverified Name>[6]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[6]
Posthodiplostomum cuticola[6]
Proteocephalus sagittus[6]
Proteocephalus torulosus[6]
Pseudocapillaria tomentosa <Unverified Name>[6]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[6]
Rhabdochona denudata[6]
Rhipidocotyle campanula[5]
Sanguinicola volgensis[6]
Sphaerostomum bramae <Unverified Name>[6]
Sphaerostomum globiporum <Unverified Name>[6]
Tetracotyle ovata <Unverified Name>[6]
Tetraonchus monenteron[6]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[6]
Tylodelphys clavata[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Ouwehand Zoo
Zoological Society of London


Afghanistan; Armenia; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Austria; Azerbaijan; Baltic Sea; Belarus; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Dneper; Don; Elbe; Estonia; Europe - Inland waters; Europe and Asia: North, Baltic, White and Barents Sea basins; Caspian basin, in Volga and Ural drainages; Black Sea basin, from Danube to Dniepr drainages; Atlantic basin, in Seine drainage; Mediterranean basin from Rhône to Arch drainages (France). Only very localized in Danube main river in Romania, in Scandinavia north of 69°N and most of cenral Finland. Populations from Siberia and East Asia usually referred to <i>Leuciscus leuciscus</i> are distinct species, <i>Leuciscus baicalensis</i> and <i>Leuciscus dzungaricus</i> (Ref. 59043). Has become widespread in Europe and gained access to Ireland as a bait fish. At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction (Ref. 1739).; Europe and Asia: has become widespread in Europe and gained access to Ireland as a bait fish (Ref. 1739). At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction.; Finland; France; Georgia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Hungary; Ireland; Kazakhstan; Kolyma; Lake Baikal; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova, Republic of; Netherlands; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Ob-Irtysh; Onega River; Palearctic; Poland; Romania; Russian Federation; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovakia; Slovenia; Sweden; Switzerland; Ukraine; United Kingdom; Ural; Volga;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4,, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
3Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
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