Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Cypriniformes > Cyprinidae > Pseudorasbora > Pseudorasbora parva

Pseudorasbora parva (Topmouth minnow; Topmouth gudgeon; Stone morokos; Stone moroko; Stone moroco; False razbora)

Synonyms: Fundulus virescens; Leuciscus parvus; Micraspius mianowskii; Pseudorasbora altipinna; Pseudorasbora depressirostris; Pseudorasbora fowleri; Pseudorasbora monstrosa; Pseudorasbora parva parvula; Pseudorasbora parva tenuis; Pseudorasbora parvus
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Wikipedia Abstract

Stone moroko (also known as topmouth gudgeon), Pseudorasbora parva, is a fish belonging to the Cyprinid family, native to Asia, but introduced and now considered an invasive species in Europe. The fish's size is rarely above 8 cm and usually 2 to 7.5 cm long.
View Wikipedia Record: Pseudorasbora parva


Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Phytophils
Brood Guarder [1]  No


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Honshu - Shikoku - Kyushu Japan Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Studenetz 69315 Bulgaria  

Prey / Diet

Dicrotendipes nervosus[2]
Pseudorasbora parva (Topmouth minnow)[2]


Channa argus (Spotted snakehead)[2]
Chanodichthys erythropterus (Skygazer)[2]
Ciconia nigra (Black Stork)[3]
Hucho taimen (Taimen)[2]
Ixobrychus sinensis (Yellow Bittern)[3]
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)[2]
Pseudorasbora parva (Topmouth minnow)[2]
Siniperca chuatsi (Chinese bass)[4]


Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus opsariichthydis[5]
Ancyrocephalus pseudorasborae <Unverified Name>[5]
Anguillicola crassus <Unverified Name>[5]
Archigetes sieboldi <Unverified Name>[5]
Asymphylodora hupehensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Asymphylodora japonica <Unverified Name>[5]
Bivaginogyrus obscurus[5]
Centrocestus armatus[5]
Centrocestus taiwanense <Unverified Name>[5]
Clinostomum complanatum[5]
Cyathocotyle orientalis <Unverified Name>[5]
Cyathocotyle prussica <Unverified Name>[5]
Dactylogyrus facetus[5]
Dactylogyrus marekewitschi <Unverified Name>[5]
Dactylogyrus markewitschi[5]
Dactylogyrus pseudogobii[5]
Dactylogyrus squameus[5]
Dactylogyrus yinwenyingae[5]
Diplostomum hupehensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Diplostomum niedashui <Unverified Name>[5]
Echinochasmus fujianensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Echinochasmus japonicus <Unverified Name>[5]
Echinochasmus perfoliatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Exorchis oviformis[5]
Gyrodactylus gobioninum[5]
Haplorchis pumilio[5]
Isoparorchis hypselobagri <Unverified Name>[5]
Metagonimus yokogawai[5]
Metorchis orientalis <Unverified Name>[5]
Microparyphium kyushuensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Neidhartia pseudorasbora[5]
Orientotrema japonica <Unverified Name>[5]
Pallisentis ussuriense[5]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[5]
Pseudexorchis major <Unverified Name>[5]
Pseudocapillaria tomentosa <Unverified Name>[5]
Schulmanella petruschewskii <Unverified Name>[5]
Urorchis acheilognathi[5]
Urorchis imba[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Museum de Besancon
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)

Range Map

Afghanistan; Albania; Albegna; Amur; Armenia; Asia - Inland waters; Asia: Amur to Zhujiang [Pearl River] drainages in Siberia, Korea and China (Ref. 59043). Introduced to various areas in Europe and Asia. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction (Ref. 1739).; Asia: southern and central Japan, Taiwan, Korea, China, Amur basin. Introduced to various areas in Europe and Asia (Ref. 1739) and currently occurs in the Dnieper, Dniester , Danube basins, the Scutari and Prespa lakes and Aliakmon River in Greece (Ref.; Asia: southern and central Japan, Taiwan, Korea, China, Amur basin. Introduced to various areas in Europe and Asia (Ref. 1739) and currently occurs in the Dnieper, Dniester , Danube basins, the Scutari and Prespa lakes and Aliakmon River in Greece (Ref. 26334). Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction. Also introduced in Iran and Turkmenistan (Ref. 39702).; Austria; Azerbaijan; Belgium; Bulgaria; Caspian Sea; China; Czech Republic; Danube; Dneper; Dnester; Don; Europe - Inland waters; Fiji Islands; Fiora; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greece; Han; Hungary; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Issyk-Kul Lake; Italy; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, Republic of; Kuban River; Kum; Kyrgyzstan; Lake Biwa; Lao People's Dem. Rep.; Loire; Moldova, Republic of; Mongolia; Nakdong; Netherlands; Oceania - Inland waters; Ombrone; Oriental; Palearctic; Peng-hu Island; Poland; Rhône; Romania; Russian Federation; Seine; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovakia; Switzerland; Taiwan; Tarim; Turkey; Turkmenistan; Ukraine; United Kingdom; Uzbekistan; Yangtze; Youngsan;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4,, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Li, W., Zhang, T., Ye, S., Liu, J. and Li, Z. (2012), Feeding habits and predator-prey size relationships of mandarin fish Siniperca chuatsi (Basilewsky) in a shallow lake, central China. Journal of Applied Ichthyology
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access