Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Cichlidae > Pterophyllum > Pterophyllum scalare

Pterophyllum scalare (Veil angelfish; Longfin angelfish; Freshwater angelfish; Black angelfish; Angelfish)

Synonyms: Platax scalaris; Plataxoides dumerilii; Pterophillum eimekei; Pterophyllum dumerilii; Pterophyllum eimekei; Zeus scalaris
Language: Creole, French; Danish; Djuka; Finnish; French; German; Japanese; Mandarin Chinese; Palicur; Polish; Portuguese; Russian; Spanish; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

Pterophyllum scalare, most commonly referred to as angelfish or freshwater angelfish, is the most common species of Pterophyllum kept in captivity. It is native to the Amazon Basin in Peru, Colombia, and Brazil. Particularly to the Ucayali river in Peru, the Oyapock River in French Guiana, the Essequibo River in Guyana, the Solimões, the Amapá, and the Amazon rivers in Brazil. It is found in swamps or flooded grounds where vegetation is dense and the water is either clear or silty. Its native water conditions range from a pH of 6.0 to 7.0, a water hardness range of 3 to 10 °dH, and water temperature ranging from 26 to 30 °C (75 to 86 °F). This is the species of angelfish most frequently found in the aquarium trade. A similar (cross-breeding possible) P. scalare exists in the Orinoco. They
View Wikipedia Record: Pterophyllum scalare

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
North Bull Island Nature Reserve IV 3544 Ireland  


Parasitized by 
Clinostomum complanatum[1]
Gussevia spiralocirra <Unverified Name>[1]
Proteocephalus gibsoni <Unverified Name>[1]
Sciadicleithrum iphthimum <Unverified Name>[1]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium du Quebec
Blaavand Zoo
Boras Djurpark Zoo
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Dierenpark Emmen
El Paso Zoo
Florida Aquarium
Henry Vilas Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Moulton College
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Odense Zoologiske Have
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Olmense Zoo
Papiliorama Swiss Tropical Gardens
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Randers Regnskov
Riga Zoo
Rodbaston College
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science
Tallinn Zoo
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurt
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Twycross Zoo
Universeum Science Center
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Walford & North Shropshire College
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoological Society of London


Amazon; America, South - Inland waters; Brazil; Canada; Colombia; French Guiana; Guyana; Neotropical; Peru; South America: Amazon River basin, in Peru, Colombia, and Brazil, along the Ucayali, Solimões and Amazon rivers; rivers of Amapá (Brazil), Rio Oyapock in French Guiana; Essequibo River in Guyana.; Suriname;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access