Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Cypriniformes > Cyprinidae > Alburnus > Alburnus alburnus

Alburnus alburnus (Bleak)

Synonyms: Abramis alburnus; Alborella maxima; Alburnis alborella maxima; Alburnus alborella lateristriga; Alburnus alborellus maximus; Alburnus alburnus alborella; Alburnus alburnus alburnus; Alburnus alburnus macedonicus; Alburnus alburnus strumicae; Alburnus alburnus thessalicus; Alburnus ausonii; Alburnus avola; Alburnus breviceps; Alburnus charusini; Alburnus fabraei; Alburnus linnei; Alburnus lucidus; Alburnus lucidus angustior; Alburnus lucidus ilmenensis; Alburnus lucidus lacustris; Alburnus lucidus latior; Alburnus lucidus macropterus; Alburnus maxima; Alburnus maximus; Alburnus mirandella; Alburnus obtusus; Alburnus scoranzoides; Alburnus striatus; Alburnus strigio; Aspius alburnoides; Cyprinus alburnus; Leuciscus alburnellus; Leuciscus alburnus; Leuciscus dolabratus; Leuciscus lucidus ilmenensis
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Wikipedia Abstract

The bleak (Alburnus alburnus) is a small freshwater coarse fish of the cyprinid family.
View Wikipedia Record: Alburnus alburnus


Brood Dispersal [1]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Phyto-lithophils
Brood Guarder [1]  No
Diet [1]  Omnivore
Migration [2]  Potamodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Drahendorfer Spreeniederung 1528 Germany  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Kivach Zapovednik IV 26885 Karelia, Russia
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Müggelspreeniederung 1558 Germany  
Neusiedler See-Osterreichischer Teil   Austria      
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Przywidz 2355 Poland  
Rheinsberger Rhin und Hellberge 2123 Germany  
Ruegen   Germany      
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Srebarna 3579 Bulgaria  
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  

Prey / Diet

Diaphanosoma mongolianum[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Pelecus cultratus (Sabre carp)1


Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus anguillae[4]
Allocreadium isoporum <Unverified Name>[4]
Allocreadium markewitschi <Unverified Name>[4]
Anguillicola crassus <Unverified Name>[4]
Apophallus donicus[4]
Apophallus muehlingi[4]
Asymphylodora imitans <Unverified Name>[4]
Bolbophorus confusus[4]
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi[4]
Bucephalus polymorphus[4]
Camallanus lacustris[4]
Caryophyllaeides fennica <Unverified Name>[4]
Caryophyllaeus brachycollis <Unverified Name>[4]
Caryophyllaeus fimbriceps <Unverified Name>[4]
Caryophyllaeus laticeps <Unverified Name>[4]
Contracaecum microcephalum <Unverified Name>[4]
Contracaecum squalii <Unverified Name>[4]
Cotylurus pileatus[4]
Cotylurus platycephalus <Unverified Name>[4]
Crowcrocaecum skrjabini[4]
Cucullanus dogieli <Unverified Name>[4]
Cystidicoloides tenuissima <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus alatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus chalcalburni <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus chranilowi <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus cordus <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus crucifer[4]
Dactylogyrus fallax[4]
Dactylogyrus finitimus <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus fraternus <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus micracanthus[4]
Dactylogyrus minor <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus nanus <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus parvus <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus rarissimus <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus similis[4]
Dactylogyrus sphyrna[4]
Dactylogyrus suecicus <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus tissensis <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus tuba <Unverified Name>[4]
Dactylogyrus vistulae <Unverified Name>[4]
Desmidocercella numidica <Unverified Name>[4]
Digramma interrupta <Unverified Name>[4]
Diphyllobothrium latum[4]
Diplostomulum clavatum <Unverified Name>[4]
Diplostomum clavatum[4]
Diplostomum helveticum[4]
Diplostomum pseudospathaceum[4]
Diplostomum pungitii <Unverified Name>[4]
Diplostomum rutili[4]
Diplostomum spathaceum[4]
Diplozoon homoion <Unverified Name>[4]
Diplozoon kutkaschenicum <Unverified Name>[4]
Diplozoon paradoxum[4]
Echinorhynchus truttae[4]
Goezia ascaroides[4]
Gryporhynchus cheilancristrotus[4]
Gyrodactylus alburnensis <Unverified Name>[4]
Gyrodactylus alburnoidesi <Unverified Name>[4]
Gyrodactylus bliccensis <Unverified Name>[4]
Gyrodactylus carassii <Unverified Name>[4]
Gyrodactylus cernuae <Unverified Name>[4]
Gyrodactylus decorus <Unverified Name>[4]
Gyrodactylus euzeti <Unverified Name>[4]
Gyrodactylus gasterostei <Unverified Name>[4]
Gyrodactylus glaeseri <Unverified Name>[4]
Gyrodactylus gracilihamatus[4]
Gyrodactylus gracillihamatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Gyrodactylus hronosus <Unverified Name>[4]
Gyrodactylus laevis <Unverified Name>[4]
Gyrodactylus leucisci <Unverified Name>[4]
Gyrodactylus prostae <Unverified Name>[4]
Gyrodactylus vimbi <Unverified Name>[4]
Ichthyocotylurus metacercaria <Unverified Name>[4]
Ichthyocotylurus pileatus[4]
Ichthyocotylurus platycephalus[4]
Ligula intestinalis[4]
Metagonimus yokogawai[4]
Metorchis albidus[4]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[4]
Neogryporhynchus cheilancristrotus <Unverified Name>[4]
Nicolla skrjabini <Unverified Name>[4]
Opisthorchis felineus <Unverified Name>[4]
Paracoenogonimus ovatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Paradilepis scolecina[4]
Paradiplozoon alburni <Unverified Name>[4]
Paradiplozoon homoion[4]
Paradiplozoon zeller <Unverified Name>[4]
Parasymphylodora markewitschi <Unverified Name>[4]
Philometra abdominalis <Unverified Name>[4]
Philometra intestinalis <Unverified Name>[4]
Philometra ovata <Unverified Name>[4]
Philometra rischta <Unverified Name>[4]
Phyllodistomum dogieli <Unverified Name>[4]
Phyllodistomum elongatum <Unverified Name>[4]
Phyllodistomum folium[4]
Pomphorhynchus bosniacus[4]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[4]
Posthodiplostomum cuticola[4]
Proteocephalus percae[4]
Proteocephalus torulosus[4]
Pseudamphistomum truncatum[4]
Pseudocapillaria tomentosa <Unverified Name>[4]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[4]
Rhabdochona denudata[4]
Sanguinicola volgensis <Unverified Name>[4]
Sphaerostomum bramae <Unverified Name>[4]
Sphaerostomum globiporum <Unverified Name>[4]
Sterliadochona tenuissima <Unverified Name>[4]
Telosentis exiguus[4]
Tetracotyle percae-fluviatilis <Unverified Name>[4]
Thwaitia rischta <Unverified Name>[4]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[4]
Tylodelphys clavata[4]
Valipora campylancristrota <Unverified Name>[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Museum de Besancon
Universeum Science Center


Andorra; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Austria; Baltic Sea; Barents Sea; Belarus; Belgium; Bulgaria; Caspian Sea; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Don; Elbe; Estonia; Europe - Inland waters; Europe and Asia: most of Europe north of Caucasus, Pyrénées and Alps, eastward to Ural and Emba. Naturally absent from Iberian Peninsula, Adriatic and Aegean basins (except Maritza drainage), Italy, Ireland, Great Britain (except southeast), Norway and Scandinavia north of 67°N, Caspian basin south of Volga. In Anatolia, Marmara basin. Locally introduced in Spain, Portugal and Italy. At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction.; Europe: France to the Urals and Emba (Ref. 33550). Reported from Italy (Ref. 27118) and Greece (Ref. 27610). Adriatic Basin: from Soca drainage to Ancona province (Slovenia, Switzerland, Italy), lower Zrmanja and Neretva drainages ( Croatia, Bosnia-He; Europe: France to the Urals and Emba (Ref. 33550). Reported from Italy (Ref. 27118) and Greece (Ref. 27610). Adriatic Basin: from Soca drainage to Ancona province (Slovenia, Switzerland, Italy), lower Zrmanja and Neretva drainages ( Croatia, Bosnia-Herzigovina). Tyrrhenian Basin: Arno drainage (Italy). Greece, Macedonia: Lake Doiran. Introduced in Ricica (Croatia), Ombrone and Tevere drainages (Italy). (Ref. 59043). At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction.; Finland; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greece; Hungary; Iberian Coastal; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Kuban River; Latvia; Liechtenstein; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Moldova, Republic of; Netherlands; Norway; Onega River; Palearctic; Poland; Portugal; Rhine; Romania; Russian Federation; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovakia; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey; Ukraine; United Kingdom; Volga;



Attributes / relations provided by 1Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4,, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012). 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at 3Predator-prey relationships within the pelagic community of Neusiedler See, Alois Herzig, Hydrobiologia, Volume 275-276, Number 1 / February, 1994, pages 81-96 4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
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