Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Cypriniformes > Cyprinidae > Vimba > Vimba vimba

Vimba vimba (Vimba bream; Zanthe; Zährte; Vimba; Baltic vimba)

Synonyms: Abramis frivaldszkyi; Abramis nordmannii; Abramis tenellus; Abramis vimba; Cyprinus carinatus; Cyprinus persa; Cyprinus serta; Cyprinus vimba; Cyprinus vimpa; Cyprinus zerta; Leuciscus parvulus; Vimba vimba bergi; Vimba vimba carinata; Vimba vimba persa; Vimba vimba tenella; Vimba vimba vimba
Language: Bulgarian; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Estonian; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Hungarian; Icelandic; Italian; Latvian; Lithuanian; Mandarin Chinese; Persian; Polish; Portuguese; Prussian, Old; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Slovak; Slovenian; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish; Ukrainian

Wikipedia Abstract

Vimba vimba, called also the vimba bream, vimba,zanthe, or zarte, is a European fish species in the Cyprinidae family. It largely lives in the sea but makes an annual migration up-river each year to breed.
View Wikipedia Record: Vimba vimba


Diet [1]  Omnivore
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Lithophils
Brood Guarder [1]  Yes
Migration [2]  Anadromous


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Askö-Tidö 2216 Sweden  
Dolina Wieprzy i Studnicy 35457 Poland  
Dorzecze Parsety 68474 Poland  
Engsö 17864 Sweden  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Kalvholmen 94 Sweden  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kiskonjoen vesistö 764 Finland  
Legi Odrzanskie 44477 Poland  
Ostoja Przemyska 97994 Poland  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Ridöarkipelagen 13925 Sweden  
Ruegen   Germany      
Rzeka San 3397 Poland  
Strömsholm 5905 Sweden  
Ujscie Odry i Zalew Szczecinski 130007 Poland  
Uroczyska Puszczy Drawskiej 183887 Poland  
Vereinigte Mulde und Muldeauen 14592 Germany  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  

Prey / Diet

Dreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Blicca bjoerkna (White bream)1
Neogobius melanostomus (Round goby)1


Acipenser persicus (Persian sturgeon)[4]
Esox lucius (Jack)[4]
Huso huso (Beluga)[4]
Silurus glanis (Danubian wels)[4]


Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus anguillae[5]
Acanthocephalus lucii[5]
Acanthocephalus tenuirostris[5]
Allocreadium isoporum <Unverified Name>[5]
Anisakis schupakovi <Unverified Name>[5]
Apharyngostrigea cornu <Unverified Name>[5]
Apophallus muehlingi[5]
Archigetes brachyurus <Unverified Name>[5]
Ascaris vimbae <Unverified Name>[5]
Ascocotyle coleostoma[5]
Aspidogaster limacoides[5]
Asymphylodora imitans <Unverified Name>[5]
Asymphylodora kubanicum <Unverified Name>[5]
Bucephalus polymorphus[5]
Camallanus lacustris[5]
Capillaria brevispicula <Unverified Name>[5]
Caryophyllaeides fennica <Unverified Name>[5]
Caryophyllaeus brachycollis <Unverified Name>[5]
Caryophyllaeus fimbriceps <Unverified Name>[5]
Caryophyllaeus laticeps <Unverified Name>[5]
Clinostomum complanatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Contracaecum squalii <Unverified Name>[5]
Corynosoma strumosum[5]
Cotylurus pileatus[5]
Crowcrocaecum skrjabini[5]
Cucullanus dogieli <Unverified Name>[5]
Dactylogyrus cornoides <Unverified Name>[5]
Dactylogyrus cornu <Unverified Name>[5]
Dactylogyrus crucifer[5]
Dactylogyrus distinguendus <Unverified Name>[5]
Dactylogyrus haplogonoides <Unverified Name>[5]
Dactylogyrus haplogonus <Unverified Name>[5]
Dactylogyrus propinquus <Unverified Name>[5]
Dactylogyrus similis[5]
Dactylogyrus sphyrna[5]
Dactylogyrus tuba <Unverified Name>[5]
Dactylogyrus vastator[5]
Dactylogyrus vistulae <Unverified Name>[5]
Desmidocercella numidica <Unverified Name>[5]
Diplostomum helveticum[5]
Diplostomum paraspathaceum[5]
Diplostomum rutili[5]
Diplostomum spathaceum[5]
Diplozoon markewitschi <Unverified Name>[5]
Diplozoon paradoxum[5]
Diplozoon persicum <Unverified Name>[5]
Echinorhynchus gadi[5]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[5]
Gyrodactylus elegans[5]
Gyrodactylus prostae <Unverified Name>[5]
Gyrodactylus vimbi <Unverified Name>[5]
Ichthyocotylurus pileatus[5]
Ichthyocotylurus platycephalus[5]
Lecithaster gibbosus[5]
Ligula intestinalis[5]
Metagonimus yokogawai[5]
Nicolla skrjabini <Unverified Name>[5]
Palaeorchis incognitus <Unverified Name>[5]
Palaeorchis unicus <Unverified Name>[5]
Paracoenogonimus ovatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Paradiplozoon bliccae[5]
Philometra ovata <Unverified Name>[5]
Philometra rischta <Unverified Name>[5]
Phyllodistomum dogieli <Unverified Name>[5]
Phyllodistomum elongatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Phyllodistomum folium[5]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[5]
Porrocaecum reticulatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Posthodiplostomum cuticola[5]
Proteocephalus torulosus[5]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[5]
Rhabdochona denudata[5]
Rhipidocotyle illense[4]
Sphaerostomum bramae <Unverified Name>[5]
Sphaerostomum globiporum <Unverified Name>[5]
Sphaerostomum maius <Unverified Name>[5]
Thominx petruschewskii <Unverified Name>[5]
Triaenophorus lucii <Unverified Name>[5]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[4]
Tylodelphys clavata[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Universeum Science Center


Armenia; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Austria; Azerbaijan; Baltic Sea; Belarus; Bulgaria; Caspian Sea; Czech Republic; Danube; Don; Elbe; Estonia; Eurasia: Caspian, Black, Marmara and Baltic Sea basins (Sweden and Finland north to 63°N), North Sea basin from Elbe to Ems drainages. In Annatolia: in Marmara basin, south to Great Menderes and Lake Egridir and east to Kizilirmak drainage. Absent between Kizilirmak and Çoruh drainages. Extirpated in Crimea. Introduced in Rhine.; Eurasia: Sea of Azov, Black Sea and Caspian basins, as well as in rivers of the Baltic basin. Also found in Western Europe, including Scandinavia (Ref. 4537).; Europe - Inland waters; Finland; France; Georgia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Hungary; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Kuban River; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova, Republic of; Netherlands; Oder; Palearctic; Poland; Rhine; Romania; Russian Federation; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovakia; Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey; Ukraine; Volga;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4,, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
3Feeding ecology of vimba (Vimba vimba L., 1758) in terms of size groups and seasons in Lake Sapanca, northwestern Anatolia, Hacer Canan OKGERMAN, Cumhur Haldun YARDIMCI, Zeynep DORAK, Neşe YILMAZ, Turk J Zool (2013) 37: 288-297
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access