Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Serranidae > Epinephelus > Epinephelus marginatus
 

Epinephelus marginatus (Yellowbelly rockcod; Yellowbelly grouper; Seabass; Dusky sea perch; Dusky perch; Dusky grouper; Duskey grouper)

Synonyms: Epinephelus brachysoma; Serranus aspersus; Serranus fimbriatus; Serranus marginatus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The Dusky Grouper (Epinephelus marginatus, formerly Epinephelus gigas), or Merou is the best known grouper of the Mediterranean Sea and North Africa coast.
View Wikipedia Record: Epinephelus marginatus

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Epinephelus marginatus

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  72.75 lbs (33.00 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  11 years
Maximum Longevity [2]  50 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Arcipelago delle Egadi - area marina e terrestre 119270 Italy    

Prey / Diet

Callinectes danae (Dana swimming crab)[3]
Callinectes sapidus (blue crab)[3]
Diplodus annularis (Annular seabream)[4]
Diplodus vulgaris (Twoband bream)[4]
Eurypanopeus abbreviatus (lobate mud crab)[3]
Hypleurochilus fissicornis[3]
Liocarcinus corrugatus (wrinkled swimming crab)[4]
Maja crispata (Spider crab)[4]
Menippe nodifrons (Cuban stone crab)[3]
Muraena helena (European moray)[4]
Octopus vulgaris (common octopus)[4]
Palinurus elephas (common spiny lobster)[4]
Sepia officinalis (common or european cuttlefish)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Ariopsis felis (Sea catfish)1
Brevoortia aurea (Brazilian menhaden)1
Carcharhinus brevipinna (Spinner shark)1
Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark)1
Centropomus undecimalis (Thin snook)1
Diplodus hottentotus (Zebra)1
Lutjanus analis (Virgin snapper)1
Lutjanus jocu (Snuggletooth snapper)1
Micropogonias furnieri (Whitemouth drummer)1
Mullus surmuletus (Red mullet)1
Mustelus punctulatus (Black spotted smooth hound)3
Paralichthys orbignyanus1
Phycis phycis (Fork-beard)1
Pomadasys incisus (Bastard grunt)1
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)1
Rachycentron canadum (Sergent fish)1
Rhizoprionodon terraenovae (Atlantic sharp-nosed shark)1
Sciaenops ocellatus (Spotted bass)1
Symphodus tinca (painted wrasse)1
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Didymozoon serrani[5]
Echinoplectanum echinophallus[5]
Hargicola oligoplites[5]
Lecithocladium aegyptense[5]
Megalocotyle hexacantha[5]
Philometra lateolabracis <Unverified Name>[5]
Pseudorhabdosynochus beverleyburtonae[5]
Pseudorhabdosynochus riouxi[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Acquario di Genova
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Terra Natura S.A.

Distribution

Aegean Sea; Agulhas Current; Albania; Algeria; Angola; Arabian Sea; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Azores Islands; Benguela Current; Benin; Black Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Brazil; Cameroon; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cape Verde; Congo, Dem. Rep. of the; Congo, Republic of; Croatia; Cyprus; Côte d'Ivoire; Eastern Atlantic and Western Indian Ocean: throughout the Mediterranean Sea and from the British Isles (Ref. 48610) round to the southern tip of Africa to southern Mozambique and Madagascar. Southwest Atlantic: southeastern Brazil, Uruguay, and Argenti; Eastern Atlantic and Western Indian Ocean: throughout the Mediterranean Sea and from the British Isles (Ref. 48610) round to the southern tip of Africa to southern Mozambique and Madagascar. Southwest Atlantic: southeastern Brazil, Uruguay, and Argentina.; Egypt; Equatorial Guinea; France; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Gibraltar; Greece; Guinea; Guinea Current; Iberian Coastal; India; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Western; Israel; Italy; Lebanon; Liberia; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Madagascar; Madeira Islands; Malta; Mauritania; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Morocco; Mozambique; Namibia; Nigeria; Oman; Portugal; Sao Tomé and Principe; Sea of Marmara; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Sierra Leone; Slovenia; South Africa; Spain; Syrian Arab Republic; Togo; Tunisia; Turkey; United Kingdom; Western Sahara;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3CONDINI, Mario V.; SEYBOTH, Elisa; VIEIRA, João P. and GARCIA, Alexandre M. Diet and feeding strategy of the dusky grouper Mycteroperca marginata (Actinopterygii: Epinephelidae) in a man-made rocky habitat in southern Brazil Neotrop. ichthyol. [online]. 2011, vol.9, n.1, pp. 161-168
4ANALYSIS OF TROPHIC ONTOGENY IN EPINEPHELUS MARGINATUS (SERRANIDAE), Marta LINDE, Antoni M. GRAU, Francesca RIERA & Enric MASSUTÍ-PASCUAL, Cybium 2004, 28(1): 27-35
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
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