Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Myctophiformes > Myctophidae > Electrona > Electrona antarctica
 

Electrona antarctica (Lanternfish)

Synonyms: Myctophum antarcticum; Scopelus antarcticus; Scopelus colletti
Language: Mandarin Chinese; Russian

Wikipedia Abstract

The Antarctica lanternfish or Electrona antarctica mainly inhabits the Antarctic deep, warm waters. It the dominant species in the Southern Ocean. Their life span is about 4–5 years and they mature after 2–3 years. Their maximum length is 12.5 cm. Their feeding depends upon area to area. Small fish primarily feed on copepods, euphausiid larvae, and hyperiids. This species is mainly the nektonic prey species of seabirds in open water.
View Wikipedia Record: Electrona antarctica

Attributes

Migration [1]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Ia 233540 Tasmania, Australia  

Prey / Diet

Allium sativum (cultivated garlic)[2]
Antarctomysis maxima[2]
Antarctomysis ohlinii[2]
Calanoides acutus[3]
Calanus propinquus[3]
Calanus simillimus[2]
Clio pyramidata (pyramid clio)[2]
Cyllopus lucasii[2]
Cyllopus magellanicus[2]
Electrona antarctica (Lanternfish)[2]
Eukrohnia hamata[3]
Euphausia crystallorophias (ice krill)[2]
Euphausia frigida[2]
Euphausia similis[2]
Euphausia spinifera[2]
Euphausia superba (Antarctic krill)[2]
Euphausia triacantha[2]
Gaetanus tenuispinus[2]
Gymnoscopelus braueri (Lanternfish)[2]
Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Nichol's lanternfish)[2]
Hyperiella dilatata[2]
Limacina helicina (helicid pteropod)[2]
Metridia gerlachei[3]
Metridia lucens[2]
Microcalanus pygmaeus[2]
Nematoscelis megalops[2]
Neopagetopsis ionah (Jonah's icefish)[2]
Ningaui yvonnae (Southern Ningaui)[2]
Oncaea conifera[2]
Paraeuchaeta antarctica[3]
Pelagobia longicirrata[2]
Phronima sedentaria (Cooper of the sea)[2]
Pleuromamma abdominalis[2]
Pleuromamma robusta[2]
Primno macropa[2]
Protomyctophum bolini (Lanternfish)[2]
Pseudosagitta gazellae[2]
Rhincalanus gigas[3]
Rhynchonereella bongraini[2]
Salpa thompsoni[2]
Themisto gaudichaudii[4]
Thysanoessa gregaria[2]
Thysanoessa macrura[3]
Thysanoessa vicina[2]
Vibilia antarctica[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Allothunnus fallai (Tuna)1
Balaenoptera bonaerensis (Antarctic Minke Whale)2
Chaenocephalus aceratus (Scotian icefish)1
Champsocephalus gunnari (Mackerel icefish)2
Daption capense (Cape Petrel)2
Diaphus hudsoni (Hudson's lanternfish)1
Echiodon cryomargarites (Messmate)1
Electrona carlsbergi (Electron subantarctic)2
Eudyptes chrysocome (Rockhopper Penguin)3
Eudyptes chrysolophus (Macaroni Penguin)2
Gymnoscopelus bolini (Lanternfish)1
Gymnoscopelus braueri (Lanternfish)1
Gymnoscopelus fraseri (Lanternfish)2
Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Nichol's lanternfish)7
Gymnoscopelus opisthopterus (Lanternfish)4
Halobaena caerulea (Blue Petrel)3
Macruronus novaezelandiae (Whiptail hake)1
Metelectrona herwigi (Herwig lanternfish)1
Micromesistius australis (Southern poutassou)1
Nannobrachium achirus (Lantern fish)1
Notothenia microlepidota (Black cod)1
Nototheniops larseni (Painted notie)2
Oceanites oceanicus (Wilson's Storm-Petrel)1
Pachyptila belcheri (Slender-billed Prion)2
Pachyptila desolata (Antarctic Prion)3
Pachyptila turtur (Fairy Prion)1
Pelecanoides urinatrix (Common Diving Petrel)2
Phoebetria fusca (Sooty Albatross)1
Phoebetria palpebrata (Light-mantled Albatross)1
Protomyctophum andriashevi (Lanternfish)1
Protomyctophum bolini (Lanternfish)3
Protomyctophum choriodon (Lanternfish)3
Pterodroma mollis (Soft-plumaged Petrel)1
Pygoscelis papua (Gentoo Penguin)1
Scomber scombrus (Split)1
Thalassarche chrysostoma (Grey-headed Albatross)1
Thalassarche melanophris (Black-browed Albatross)1
Thyrsites atun (snake mackerel)1

Predators

Aphrodroma brevirostris (Kerguelen Petrel)[2]
Aptenodytes forsteri (Emperor Penguin)[5]
Aptenodytes patagonicus (King Penguin)[2]
Arctocephalus gazella (Antarctic Fur Seal)[6]
Arctocephalus tropicalis (Subantarctic Fur Seal)[2]
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)[2]
Balaenoptera bonaerensis (Antarctic Minke Whale)[2]
Chaenodraco wilsoni (Spiny icefish)[2]
Champsocephalus gunnari (Mackerel icefish)[2]
Cygnodraco mawsoni (Mawson's dragonfish)[7]
Daption capense (Cape Petrel)[2]
Dissostichus eleginoides (Patagonsky klykach)[2]
Electrona antarctica (Lanternfish)[2]
Eudyptes chrysocome (Rockhopper Penguin)[2]
Eudyptes chrysolophus (Macaroni Penguin)[8]
Eudyptes schlegeli (Royal Penguin)[2]
Fregetta tropica (Black-bellied Storm Petrel)[2]
Fulmarus glacialoides (Southern Fulmar)[2]
Gymnodraco acuticeps (Ploughfish)[7]
Gymnoscopelus braueri (Lanternfish)[2]
Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Nichol's lanternfish)[2]
Halobaena caerulea (Blue Petrel)[2]
Hydrurga leptonyx (Leopard seal)[2]
Larus dominicanus (Kelp Gull)[2]
Leptonychotes weddellii (Weddell Seal)[2]
Mirounga leonina (Southern Elephant Seal)[2]
Oceanites oceanicus (Wilson's Storm-Petrel)[2]
Oceanodroma furcata (Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel)[2]
Onychoprion fuscatus (Sooty Tern)[2]
Onykia ingens (warty squid)[9]
Pachyptila belcheri (Slender-billed Prion)[10]
Pachyptila desolata (Antarctic Prion)[2]
Pachyptila salvini (Salvin's Prion)[2]
Pagodroma nivea (Snow Petrel)[11]
Paradiplospinus gracilis (Slender escolar)[2]
Pelecanoides georgicus (South Georgia Diving Petrel)[2]
Procellaria aequinoctialis (White-chinned Petrel)[2]
Protomyctophum bolini (Lanternfish)[2]
Pterodroma macroptera (Great-winged Petrel)[2]
Pterodroma mollis (Soft-plumaged Petrel)[2]
Puffinus pacificus (Wedge-tailed Shearwater)[2]
Puffinus tenuirostris (Short-tailed Shearwater)[2]
Pygoscelis adeliae (Adelie Penguin)[2]
Pygoscelis antarcticus (Chinstrap Penguin)[2]
Pygoscelis papua (Gentoo Penguin)[2]
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)[2]
Stercorarius antarcticus lonnbergi (Brown Skua)[12]
Stercorarius maccormicki (South Polar Skua)[12]
Sterna vittata (Antarctic Tern)[2]
Thalassarche chrysostoma (Grey-headed Albatross)[13]
Thalassarche melanophris (Black-browed Albatross)[2]
Thalassoica antarctica (Antarctic Petrel)[2]
Trematomus eulepidotus (Blunt scalyhead)[2]
Trematomus lepidorhinus (Slender scalyhead)[2]

Distribution

Antarctic; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Antarctic; Atlantic, Southeast; Bouvet Island; Circumpolar south of Antarctic Polar Front, but not found in Ross Sea; adults only in higher latitudes (South Orkneys, South Shetlands, Peter Island) and south of the Weddell-Scotia confluence, but adults and juveniles in the region of South Sandwich I, S; Circumpolar south of Antarctic Polar Front, but not found in Ross Sea; adults only in higher latitudes (South Orkneys, South Shetlands, Peter Island) and south of the Weddell-Scotia confluence, but adults and juveniles in the region of South Sandwich I, South Georgia and Bouvet. Reported from off the Cape, South Africa and from 43°17'S, 48°55'E (Ref. 4066).; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Antarctic; Indian Ocean, Western; Kerguelen Islands; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Antarctic; Peter I Island; S. Georgia - S. Sandwich Is.; Scotia Sea; South Africa; South Orkney Islands; South Shetland Islands;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 3Prey composition and daily rations of myctophid fishes in the Southern Ocean, E. A. Pakhomov, R. Perissinotto, C. D. McQuaid, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 134: 1-14, 1996 4Feeding ecology of myctophid fishes in the northern Scotia Sea, R. S. Shreeve, M. A. Collins, G. A. Tarling, C. E. Main, P. Ward, N. M. Johnston, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 386: 221–236, 2009 5A balanced model of the food web of the Ross Sea, Antarctica, M.H. Pinkerton, S.M. Hanchet, J. Bradford-Grieve, CCAMLR Science, Vol. 17 (2010) 6Geographical variation in the diet of the Antarctic fur seal Arctocephalus gazella, R. Casaux, A. Baroni, F. Arrighetti, A. Ramón, A. Carlini, Polar Biol (2003) 26: 753–758 7Diet of two Antarctic dragonfish (Pisces: Bathydraconidae) from the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean, EVGENY A. PAKHOMOV, Antarctic Science 10 (1): 55-61 (1998) 8Studying Seabird Diet through Genetic Analysis of Faeces: A Case Study on Macaroni Penguins (Eudyptes chrysolophus), Bruce E. Deagle, Nick J. Gales, Karen Evans, Simon N. Jarman, Sarah Robinson, Rowan Trebilco, Mark A. Hindell, PLoS ONE 2(9): e831 9CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 10Food and feeding ecology of the sympatric thin-billed Pachyptila belcheri and Antarctic P. desolata prions at Iles Kerguelen, Southern Indian Ocean, Yves Cherel, Pierrick Bocher, Claude De Broyer, Keith A. Hobson, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 228: 263–281, 2002 11DIET OF THE SNOW PETREL PAGODROMA NIVEA AT LAURIE ISLAND, ANTARCTICA, DURING THE 1997/98 BREEDING SEASON, VANINA FERRETTI, GUILLERMO E. SOAVE, RICARDO CASAUX & NESTOR R. CORIA, Marine Ornithology 29: 71–73 (2001) 12Diet of the south polar skua Catharacta maccormicki and the brown skua C. antarctica lonnbergi at Cierva Point, Antarctic Peninsula, Silvina L. Malzof, Rubén D. Quintana, Polar Biol (2008) 31:827–835 13Exploitation of mesoscale oceanographic features by grey-headed albatross Thalassarche chrysostoma in the southern Indian Ocean, D. C. Nel, J. R. E. Lutjeharms, E. A. Pakhomov, I. J. Ansorge, P. G. Ryan, N. T. W. Klages, MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES, Vol. 217: 15–26, 2001
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