Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Myctophiformes > Myctophidae > Gymnoscopelus > Gymnoscopelus nicholsi
 

Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Nichol's lanternfish; Lanternfish)

Synonyms: Gymnoscopelus nicholosi; Lampanyctus nicholsi
Language: Mandarin Chinese; Spanish

Attributes

Migration [1]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Ia 233540 Tasmania, Australia  

Prey / Diet

Allium sativum (cultivated garlic)[2]
Antarctomysis maxima[2]
Calanoides acutus[3]
Calanus propinquus[4]
Calanus simillimus[3]
Drepanopus forcipatus[2]
Electrona antarctica (Lanternfish)[2]
Eukrohnia hamata[3]
Euphausia crystallorophias (ice krill)[2]
Euphausia frigida[3]
Euphausia similis[2]
Euphausia spinifera[2]
Euphausia superba (Antarctic krill)[3]
Euphausia triacantha[2]
Gaetanus tenuispinus[2]
Gymnoscopelus braueri (Lanternfish)[2]
Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Nichol's lanternfish)[2]
Hyperiella dilatata[2]
Metridia gerlachei[4]
Metridia lucens[2]
Nematoscelis megalops[2]
Neopagetopsis ionah (Jonah's icefish)[2]
Ningaui yvonnae (Southern Ningaui)[2]
Paraeuchaeta antarctica[2]
Phronima sedentaria (Cooper of the sea)[2]
Pleuromamma abdominalis[2]
Primno macropa[2]
Protomyctophum bolini (Lanternfish)[2]
Rhincalanus gigas[3]
Rhynchonereella bongraini[2]
Salpa thompsoni[2]
Themisto gaudichaudii[3]
Thysanoessa gregaria[2]
Thysanoessa macrura[4]
Thysanoessa vicina[3]
Vibilia antarctica[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Allothunnus fallai (Tuna)1
Arctocephalus gazella (Antarctic Fur Seal)1
Balaenoptera bonaerensis (Antarctic Minke Whale)4
Bathydraco marri (Deepwater dragon)1
Chaenocephalus aceratus (Scotian icefish)2
Champsocephalus esox (Pike icefish)1
Champsocephalus gunnari (Mackerel icefish)5
Cygnodraco mawsoni (Mawson's dragonfish)1
Daption capense (Cape Petrel)3
Diaphus hudsoni (Hudson's lanternfish)1
Dissostichus eleginoides (Patagonsky klykach)1
Dissostichus mawsoni (Antarctic blenny)1
Echiodon cryomargarites (Messmate)1
Electrona antarctica (Lanternfish)7
Electrona carlsbergi (Electron subantarctic)3
Eudyptes chrysocome (Rockhopper Penguin)3
Eudyptes chrysolophus (Macaroni Penguin)5
Fulmarus glacialoides (Southern Fulmar)1
Gobionotothen angustifrons (Narrowhead rockcod)1
Gobionotothen gibberifrons (Humped rockcod)1
Gymnodraco acuticeps (Ploughfish)1
Gymnoscopelus bolini (Lanternfish)2
Gymnoscopelus braueri (Lanternfish)2
Gymnoscopelus fraseri (Lanternfish)2
Gymnoscopelus opisthopterus (Lanternfish)4
Halobaena caerulea (Blue Petrel)3
Lagenorhynchus cruciger (Hourglass Dolphin)1
Larus dominicanus (Kelp Gull)1
Lepidonotothen squamifrons (Grey rockcod)1
Lindbergichthys nudifrons (Yellowfin notie)1
Lobodon carcinophaga (Crabeater Seal)1
Macronectes giganteus (Southern Giant Petrel)1
Macruronus novaezelandiae (Whiptail hake)1
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)1
Metelectrona herwigi (Herwig lanternfish)1
Micromesistius australis (Southern poutassou)1
Mirounga leonina (Southern Elephant Seal)1
Nannobrachium achirus (Lantern fish)2
Notothenia microlepidota (Black cod)1
Nototheniops larseni (Painted notie)4
Oceanites oceanicus (Wilson's Storm-Petrel)2
Pachyptila belcheri (Slender-billed Prion)2
Pachyptila desolata (Antarctic Prion)5
Pachyptila turtur (Fairy Prion)2
Parachaenichthys georgianus (Antarctic dragonfish)1
Pelecanoides urinatrix (Common Diving Petrel)2
Phoebetria fusca (Sooty Albatross)1
Phoebetria palpebrata (Light-mantled Albatross)2
Protomyctophum andriashevi (Lanternfish)1
Protomyctophum bolini (Lanternfish)4
Protomyctophum choriodon (Lanternfish)4
Pseudochaenichthys georgianus (South Georgia icefish)1
Pterodroma mollis (Soft-plumaged Petrel)1
Pygoscelis adeliae (Adelie Penguin)1
Pygoscelis antarcticus (Chinstrap Penguin)1
Pygoscelis papua (Gentoo Penguin)2
Scomber scombrus (Split)1
Sterna vittata (Antarctic Tern)1
Thalassarche chrysostoma (Grey-headed Albatross)2
Thalassarche melanophris (Black-browed Albatross)2
Thalassoica antarctica (Antarctic Petrel)1
Thyrsites atun (snake mackerel)1
Trematomus bernacchii (Emerald notothen)1
Trematomus hansoni (Striped rockcod)1
Vomeridens infuscipinnis (Antarctic dragonfish)1

Predators

Aphrodroma brevirostris (Kerguelen Petrel)[2]
Aptenodytes forsteri (Emperor Penguin)[2]
Aptenodytes patagonicus (King Penguin)[5]
Arctocephalus gazella (Antarctic Fur Seal)[6]
Arctocephalus tropicalis (Subantarctic Fur Seal)[2]
Champsocephalus gunnari (Mackerel icefish)[2]
Chionobathyscus dewitti (Crocodile icefish)[7]
Daption capense (Cape Petrel)[2]
Dissostichus eleginoides (Patagonsky klykach)[2]
Electrona antarctica (Lanternfish)[2]
Fregetta tropica (Black-bellied Storm Petrel)[2]
Fulmarus glacialoides (Southern Fulmar)[2]
Gymnodraco acuticeps (Ploughfish)[8]
Gymnoscopelus braueri (Lanternfish)[2]
Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Nichol's lanternfish)[2]
Halobaena caerulea (Blue Petrel)[2]
Hydrurga leptonyx (Leopard seal)[2]
Illex argentinus (Argentine Shortfin Squid)[9]
Lampris immaculatus (Moonfish)[10]
Lepidonotothen squamifrons (Grey rockcod)[2]
Leptonychotes weddellii (Weddell Seal)[2]
Martialia hyadesi (sevenstar flying squid)[2]
Mirounga leonina (Southern Elephant Seal)[2]
Oceanites oceanicus (Wilson's Storm-Petrel)[2]
Onykia ingens (warty squid)[9]
Pachyptila desolata (Antarctic Prion)[2]
Pagodroma nivea (Snow Petrel)[2]
Paradiplospinus gracilis (Slender escolar)[2]
Procellaria aequinoctialis (White-chinned Petrel)[2]
Protomyctophum bolini (Lanternfish)[2]
Pygoscelis adeliae (Adelie Penguin)[2]
Pygoscelis antarcticus (Chinstrap Penguin)[2]
Pygoscelis papua (Gentoo Penguin)[11]
Salilota australis (Tadpole codling)[2]
Sterna vittata (Antarctic Tern)[2]
Thalassarche chrysostoma (Grey-headed Albatross)[2]
Thalassoica antarctica (Antarctic Petrel)[2]
Trematomus eulepidotus (Blunt scalyhead)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[12]
Elytrophalloides oatesi[12]
Onchobothrium antarcticum[12]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[12]

Distribution

Antarctic; Argentina; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Antarctic; Atlantic, Southwest; Brazil; Falkland Is. (Malvinas); Generally ranges between Antarctica and 35°S (off Argentina), 47°S (Falkland Current region), and 47°-49°S (between 45°E and 71°E). Adults occur only in high latitudes (South Orkneys, South Shetlands, Antarctic Peninsula); juveniles and adults in waters ; Generally ranges between Antarctica and 35°S (off Argentina), 47°S (Falkland Current region), and 47°-49°S (between 45°E and 71°E). Adults occur only in high latitudes (South Orkneys, South Shetlands, Antarctic Peninsula); juveniles and adults in waters around South Georgia and central Scotia Sea.; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Antarctic; Kerguelen Islands; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Antarctic; Patagonian Shelf; S. Georgia - S. Sandwich Is.; Scotia Sea; South Orkney Islands; South Shetland Islands;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 3Prey composition and daily rations of myctophid fishes in the Southern Ocean, E. A. Pakhomov, R. Perissinotto, C. D. McQuaid, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 134: 1-14, 1996 4Community structure and feeding ecology of mesopelagic fishes in the slope waters of King George Island (South Shetland Islands, Antarctica), C. Puscha, P.A. Hulley, K.-H.Kock, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, Volume 51, Issue 11, November 2004, Pages 1685–1708 5Summer diet of king penguins (Aptenodytes patagonicus) at the Falkland Islands, southern Atlantic Ocean, Yves Cherel, Klemens Pütz and Keith A. Hobson, Polar Biol (2002) 25: 898–906 6Geographical variation in the diet of the Antarctic fur seal Arctocephalus gazella, R. Casaux, A. Baroni, F. Arrighetti, A. Ramón, A. Carlini, Polar Biol (2003) 26: 753–758 7"New data on the diet of deep-sea icefish Chionobathyscus dewitti (Channichthyidae) in the Ross Sea in 2010", A.F. Petrov, Voprosy Ikhtiologii, 2011, Vol. 51, No. 5, pp. 718–720. 8Diet of two Antarctic dragonfish (Pisces: Bathydraconidae) from the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean, EVGENY A. PAKHOMOV, Antarctic Science 10 (1): 55-61 (1998) 9CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 10Diet of the southern opah Lampris immaculatus on the Patagonian Shelf; the significance of the squid Moroteuthis ingens and anthropogenic plastic, George D. Jackson, Nicole G. Buxton, Magnus J. A. George, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 206: 261–271, 2000 11THE DIETS AND DIETARY SEGREGATION OF SEABIRDS AT THE SUBANTARCTIC CROZET ISLANDS, VINCENT RIDOUX, MARINE ORNITHOLOGY Vol. 22 No. 1 1994 12Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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