Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Nototheniidae > Lepidonotothen > Lepidonotothen squamifrons

Lepidonotothen squamifrons (Grey rockcod; Striped-eyed rockcod; Striped-eye notothen; Grey notothen; Gray rockcod)

Synonyms: Lepidonotothen kempi; Lepidonotothen macrophthalma; Notothenia brevipectoralis; Notothenia kempi; Notothenia macrophthalma; Notothenia squamifrons; Notothenia squamifrons atlantica; Notothenia squamifrons squamifrons
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Wikipedia Abstract

Lepidonotothen squamifrons, the Grey rockcod, is a species of cod icefish native to the Southern Ocean where it can be found at depths of from 10 to 900 metres (33 to 2,953 ft) though it is most often found between 192 and 312 metres (630 and 1,024 ft). This species grows to a length of 55 centimetres (22 in) TL though most are only around 35 centimetres (14 in). This species is of minor importance to commercial fisheries.
View Wikipedia Record: Lepidonotothen squamifrons


Female Maturity [1]  8 years
Maximum Longevity [1]  19 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Ia 233540 Tasmania, Australia  

Prey / Diet

Aega semicarinata[2]
Calanoides acutus[3]
Calanus propinquus[3]
Electrona carlsbergi (Electron subantarctic)[2]
Euphausia crystallorophias (ice krill)[3]
Euphausia superba (Antarctic krill)[4]
Exosphaeroma gigas[2]
Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Nichol's lanternfish)[3]
Lepidonotothen squamifrons (Grey rockcod)[3]
Metridia curticauda[3]
Metridia gerlachei[3]
Ningaui yvonnae (Southern Ningaui)[3]
Nototheniops tchizh[3]
Oithona frigida[3]
Protomyctophum bolini (Lanternfish)[2]
Salpa thompsoni[2]
Thysanoessa macrura[3]
Trachyspermum ammi (Ajowan caraway)[3]
Triconia conifera[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aptenodytes patagonicus (King Penguin)1
Arctocephalus gazella (Antarctic Fur Seal)1
Argentina elongata (Angelfish)1
Balaenoptera bonaerensis (Antarctic Minke Whale)1
Bathydraco marri (Deepwater dragon)1
Chaenocephalus aceratus (Scotian icefish)1
Champsocephalus esox (Pike icefish)1
Champsocephalus gunnari (Mackerel icefish)1
Cygnodraco mawsoni (Mawson's dragonfish)2
Daption capense (Cape Petrel)1
Dissostichus eleginoides (Patagonsky klykach)2
Dissostichus mawsoni (Antarctic blenny)1
Electrona carlsbergi (Electron subantarctic)1
Eudyptes chrysolophus (Macaroni Penguin)2
Eudyptes schlegeli (Royal Penguin)1
Fulmarus glacialoides (Southern Fulmar)2
Gobionotothen angustifrons (Narrowhead rockcod)1
Gobionotothen gibberifrons (Humped rockcod)1
Gymnodraco acuticeps (Ploughfish)1
Gymnoscopelus braueri (Lanternfish)1
Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Nichol's lanternfish)1
Gymnoscopelus opisthopterus (Lanternfish)2
Halobaena caerulea (Blue Petrel)1
Lagenorhynchus cruciger (Hourglass Dolphin)2
Larus dominicanus (Kelp Gull)1
Lindbergichthys nudifrons (Yellowfin notie)1
Lobodon carcinophaga (Crabeater Seal)1
Macronectes giganteus (Southern Giant Petrel)1
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)1
Mirounga leonina (Southern Elephant Seal)1
Notothenia microlepidota (Black cod)1
Nototheniops larseni (Painted notie)2
Oceanites oceanicus (Wilson's Storm-Petrel)1
Pachyptila belcheri (Slender-billed Prion)1
Pachyptila desolata (Antarctic Prion)2
Pachyptila turtur (Fairy Prion)1
Parachaenichthys georgianus (Antarctic dragonfish)1
Phoebetria palpebrata (Light-mantled Albatross)1
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)1
Pseudochaenichthys georgianus (South Georgia icefish)1
Pygoscelis adeliae (Adelie Penguin)1
Pygoscelis antarcticus (Chinstrap Penguin)2
Pygoscelis papua (Gentoo Penguin)1
Sterna vittata (Antarctic Tern)1
Thalassarche chrysostoma (Grey-headed Albatross)1
Thalassarche melanophris (Black-browed Albatross)1
Thalassoica antarctica (Antarctic Petrel)2
Trematomus hansoni (Striped rockcod)1
Vomeridens infuscipinnis (Antarctic dragonfish)1


Amblyraja georgiana (Antarctic starry skate)[3]
Arctocephalus gazella (Antarctic Fur Seal)[3]
Cygnodraco mawsoni (Mawson's dragonfish)[5]
Daption capense (Cape Petrel)[4]
Dissostichus eleginoides (Patagonsky klykach)[3]
Lepidonotothen squamifrons (Grey rockcod)[3]
Leptonychotes weddellii (Weddell Seal)[3]
Leucocarbo atriceps (imperial shag)[6]
Macronectes giganteus (Southern Giant Petrel)[4]
Macronectes halli (Northern Giant Petrel)[4]
Mirounga leonina (Southern Elephant Seal)[4]
Pagodroma nivea (Snow Petrel)[4]
Phocarctos hookeri (New Zealand Sealion)[3]
Phoebetria fusca (Sooty Albatross)[3]
Pleuragramma antarctica (Antarctic silverfish)[3]
Pygoscelis papua (Gentoo Penguin)[7]
Somniosus antarcticus (southern sleeper shark)[3]
Thalassarche chrysostoma (Grey-headed Albatross)[3]
Thalassarche melanophris (Black-browed Albatross)[8]
Thalassoica antarctica (Antarctic Petrel)[4]


Parasitized by 
Ascarophis nototheniae <Unverified Name>[9]
Aspersentis megarhynchus[9]
Boreascotia megavesicula[9]
Corynosoma bullosum[9]
Corynosoma hamanni[9]
Derogenes varicus[9]
Elytrophalloides oatesi[9]
Genolinea bowersi[9]
Genolinea nototheniae[9]
Gonocerca phycidis[9]
Heterosentis heteracanthus[9]
Lecithaster macrocotyle[9]
Lecithaster micropsi[9]
Lecithophyllum botryophoron[3]
Macvicaria antarctica[9]
Macvicaria antarcticus <Unverified Name>[9]
Macvicaria skorai[9]
Metacanthocephalus rennicki[9]
Neolebouria antarctica[9]
Neolepidapedon magnatestis[9]
Postmonorchis variabilis[9]
Pseudobenedenia nototheniae[9]
Pseudobenedenoides antarctica[9]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[9]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[9]


Antarctic; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Antarctic; Balleny Islands; Bouvet Island; Crozet Islands; French Southern Tr.; Heard and McDonald Is.; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Antarctic; Kerguelen Islands; Pacific, Antarctic; S. Georgia - S. Sandwich Is.; Scott Island; South Orkney Islands; South Scotia Sea; South Shetland Islands; Southern Ocean: South Georgia Island and Bouvet Island. Also known from sub-Antarctic islands and intervening seamounts of the Indian Ocean sector.;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2Pakhomov, E.A. and Bushula, T. and Kaehler, S. and Watkins, B.P. and Leslie, R.W. (2006) Structure and distribution of the slope fish community in the vicinity of the sub-Antarctic Prince Edward Archipelago. Journal of Fish Biology, 68 (6). pp. 1834-1866
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Towards the trophic structure of the Bouvet Island marine ecosystem, U. Jacob, T. Brey, I. Fetzer, S. Kaehler, K. Mintenbeck, K. Dunton, K. Beyer, U. Struck , E.A. Pakhomov and W.E. Arntz, Polar Biology, 29 (2). pp. 106-113 (2006)
5Diet of two Antarctic dragonfish (Pisces: Bathydraconidae) from the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean, EVGENY A. PAKHOMOV, Antarctic Science 10 (1): 55-61 (1998)
7Spatial and temporal variation in the diet of the gentoo penguin (Pygoscelis papua) at Kerguelen Islands, Amélie Lescroël, Vincent Ridoux and Charles André Bost, Polar Biol (2004) 27: 206–216
8Food and feeding ecology of the neritic-slope forager black-browed albatross and its relationships with commercial fisheries in Kerguelen waters, Yves Cherel, Henri Weimerskirch, Colette Trouve, MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES, Vol. 207: 183–199, 2000
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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