Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Beloniformes > Belonidae > Xenentodon > Xenentodon cancila

Xenentodon cancila (Asian needlefish; Stickfish; Silver needlefish; Gar; Freshwater garfish)

Synonyms: Belone cancila; Belone graii; Esox cancila; Esox hindostanicus; Esox indica; Xenenthodon cancila
Language: Assamese; Bengali; Danish; Finnish; German; Kannada; Khasi; Khmer; Laotian; Malayalam; Mandarin Chinese; Manipuri; Marathi; Nepali; Sinhalese; Tamil; Thai; Vietnamese

Wikipedia Abstract

Xenentodon cancila (freshwater garfish) is a species of needlefish found in freshwater and brackish habitats in South and Southeast Asia.
View Wikipedia Record: Xenentodon cancila


Migration [1]  Amphidromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve 1364022 India  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  


Parasitized by 
Bucephaloides cancilatus <Unverified Name>[2]
Camallanus cancelai <Unverified Name>[2]
Camallanus xenentodoni <Unverified Name>[2]
Centrocestus formosanus <Unverified Name>[2]
Dactylostomum gayaprashadi <Unverified Name>[2]
Gnathostoma spinigerum <Unverified Name>[2]
Isoparorchis hypselobagri <Unverified Name>[2]
Neascus kherai <Unverified Name>[2]
Neascus srivastavi <Unverified Name>[2]
Neocamallanus ophicephali <Unverified Name>[2]
Nicolla hanumanthai[2]
Pallisentis ophiocephali[3]
Paracapillaria xenentodoni <Unverified Name>[2]
Paragendria bagarii <Unverified Name>[2]
Paraquimperia xenentodinia <Unverified Name>[2]
Philometra pellucida <Unverified Name>[2]
Phyllodistomum macrobranchicola <Unverified Name>[2]
Procamallanus cancilus <Unverified Name>[2]
Prosorhynchoides karvei[3]
Pseudoproleptus fotedari <Unverified Name>[2]
Stellantchasmus falcatus[2]
Urocleidus bhoopi <Unverified Name>[2]
Urocleidus xenentodonti <Unverified Name>[2]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
West Edmonton Mall Marine Life Center
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC

Range Map

Asia - Inland waters; Asia: Sri Lanka and India eastward to the Mekong.; Bangladesh; Bhutan; Brahmaputra; Cambodia; Chilka Lake; Ganges; Great Lake; Hawaii (USA); India; Indonesia; Lao People's Dem. Rep.; Malaysia; Mekong; Myanmar; Nepal; Oceania - Inland waters; Oriental; Pakistan; Sri Lanka; Thailand; Tonle Sap; Viet Nam;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access