Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Ammodytidae > Ammodytes > Ammodytes tobianus

Ammodytes tobianus (lesser sand eel; Smooth sandeel; Small sandeel; Sand-eel; Sandeel; Lesser sand-eel; Lesser sandeel; Smooth sand eel)

Synonyms: Ammodytes lancea; Ammodytes tobiunus
Language: Catalan; Danish; Dutch; Estonian; Faroese; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Icelandic; Latvian; Lithuanian; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Polish; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish

Wikipedia Abstract

The lesser sand eel or sand lance, Ammodytes tobianus, is a species of fish in the sand lance family Ammodytidae. It is an elongated cylindrical fish which may be up to 20 centimetres (7.9 in) long.
View Wikipedia Record: Ammodytes tobianus


Female Maturity [1]  1 year 6 months
Male Maturity [2]  1 year 6 months
Maximum Longevity [1]  7 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ascrib, Isay and Dunvegan 6388 Scotland, United Kingdom
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Chesil and the Fleet 4032 England, United Kingdom
Clogwyni Pen Llyn/ Seacliffs of Lleyn 2591 Wales, United Kingdom
Dee Estuary/ Aber Dyfrdwy 39057 England/Wales, United Kingdom
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Dornoch Firth and Morrich More 21499 Scotland, United Kingdom
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Firth of Tay & Eden Estuary 38085 Scotland, United Kingdom
Flamborough Head 15597 England, United Kingdom  
Glannau Ynys Gybi/ Holy Island Coast 1147 Wales, United Kingdom  
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Loch nam Madadh 5734 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lundy 7573 England, United Kingdom  
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Ruegen   Germany      
Sanday 27112 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
Sound of Arisaig (Loch Ailort to Loch Ceann Traigh) 11260 Scotland, United Kingdom
St David`s / Ty Ddewi 2312 Wales, United Kingdom  
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Sullom Voe 6668 Scotland, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tintagel–Marsland–Clovelly Coast 6004 England, United Kingdom  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  

Prey / Diet

Acartia clausi[3]
Centropages typicus[3]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[3]
Hediste diversicolor (veelkleurige zeeduizendpoot)[3]
Jaera albifrons[3]
Littorina saxatilis (rough periwinkle)[3]
Mytilus edulis (Blue mussel)[3]
Neomysis integer[3]
Oithona similis[3]
Pseudocalanus elongatus[3]
Pygospio elegans[3]
Semibalanus balanoides (Barnacle)[3]


Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[3]
Ardea cinerea (Grey Heron)[3]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[3]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[3]
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)[3]
Loligo vulgaris (European Squid)[3]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[3]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[3]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[3]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[3]
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)[4]
Platichthys flesus (North Atlantic flounder)[3]
Raja clavata (Roker)[3]
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)[3]
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)[3]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[3]
Scophthalmus maximus (Turbot)[3]
Scophthalmus rhombus (Flounder)[3]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[3]
Sterna hirundo (Common Tern)[3]
Thalasseus sandvicensis (Sandwich Tern)[3]
Todarodes sagittatus (European flying squid)[5]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[3]


Mutual (symbiont) 
Cryptocotyle jejuna[3]
Cryptocotyle lingua[3]


Parasitized by 
Brachyphallus crenatus[6]
Cryptocotyle jejuna[3]
Cryptocotyle lingua[6]
Derogenes varicus[6]
Galactosomum lacteum[6]
Hemiurus communis[6]
Hemiurus luehei[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Oresundsakvariet (Oresund Aquarium)
Universeum Science Center


Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Cantabrian Sea; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Denmark; Elbe; Estonia; Faeroe Islands; Faroe Plateau; Finland; France; Galician Shelf; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Gibraltar; Iberian Coastal; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Isle of Man; Latvia; Lithuania; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Netherlands; North Sea; Northeast Atlantic: Murmansk to Spain, including Iceland and the Baltic (Ref. 4674) and the Mediterranean (Ref. 39911). Two distinct but often sympatric spawning groups exist in the area but have not been given subspecies status although spawning groups; Northeast Atlantic: Murmansk to Spain, including Iceland and the Baltic (Ref. 4674) and the Mediterranean (Ref. 39911). Two distinct but often sympatric spawning groups exist in the area but have not been given subspecies status although spawning groups differ in mean vertebral number (autumn higher than spring), otolith structure, and probably habitats.; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Poland; Portugal; Russian Federation; Spain; Svalbard and Jan Mayen; Sweden; Turkey; United Kingdom;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Phocoena phocoena, David E. Gaskin, Peter W. Arnold, and Barbara A. Blair, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 42, pp. 1-8 (1974)
5CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access