Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Anguilliformes > Anguillidae > Anguilla > Anguilla australis
 

Anguilla australis (Shortfin eel)

Synonyms: Angguilla australis; Anguilla australis australis; Anguilla australis occidentalis; Anguilla australis schmidti; Anguilla australis schmidtii; Anguilla austrata; Anguilla schmidtii; Muraena australis

Wikipedia Abstract

The short-finned eel (Anguilla australis), also known as the shortfin eel, is one of the 15 species of eel in the family Anguillidae. It is native to the lakes, dams and coastal rivers of south-eastern Australia, New Zealand, and much of the South Pacific, including New Caledonia, Norfolk Island, Lord Howe Island, Tahiti, and Fiji.
View Wikipedia Record: Anguilla australis

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  9.04 lbs (4.10 kg)
Maximum Longevity [3]  32 years
Migration [2]  Catadromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Awarua Wetland 49421 South Island, New Zealand      
Hattah-Kulkyne NP and Murray-Kulkyne Park National Park II 122831 Victoria, Australia
Lavinia Nature Reserve State Reserve II 17390 Tasmania, Australia    

Prey / Diet

Austridotea annectens[4]
Austrolestes colensonis (Blue Damselfly)[5]
Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[5]
Carassius auratus (Goldfish)[6]
Chironomus zealandicus[4]
Galaxias maculatus (Whitebait)[6]
Gambusia affinis (Live-bearing tooth-carp)[5]
Gobiomorphus cotidianus (Common bully)[4]
Gressittius antarcticus[5]
Nymphula nitens[5]
Oecetis unicolor[5]
Paracalliope fluviatilis[4]
Paracorophium excavatum[4]
Paratya curvirostris[6]
Physella acuta (European physa)[5]
Porcellio scaber (Sow bug)[5]
Potamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mud snail)[7]
Procordulia grayi (Yellow Spotted Dragonfly)[8]
Retropinna retropinna (Smelt)[4]
Rhantus suturalis[5]
Scolecolepides benhami[5]
Sigara arguta (Water boatman)[6]
Tenagomysis chiltoni[4]
Triplectides cephalotes[5]
Xanthocnemis zealandica (Common Redcoat Damselfy)[8]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anguilla dieffenbachii (Longfinned eel)3
Gambusia affinis (Live-bearing tooth-carp)2
Gobiomorphus cotidianus (Common bully)2
Neochanna burrowsius (Canterbury mudfish)2
Pelecanus conspicillatus (Australian Pelican)1
Retropinna retropinna (Smelt)1
Siniperca chuatsi (Chinese bass)1

Predators

Anguilla reinhardtii (Australian longfinned eel)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anguillicola novaezelandiae[9]
Eimeria anguillae <Unverified Name>[10]
Gyrodactylus anguillae[9]
Hedruris spinigera[9]
Ichthyophthirius multifiliis (freshwater white spot disease)[10]
Myxidium durum <Unverified Name>[10]
Myxidium giardi <Unverified Name>[10]
Paracardicoloides yamagutii[9]
Stegodexamene anguillae <Unverified Name>[9]
Telogaster opisthorchis[9]
Tetracerasta blepta <Unverified Name>[10]
Tricotyledonia genypteri[9]
Trypanosoma granulosum <Unverified Name>[10]
Tubulovesicula angusticauda[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Healesville Sanctuary
Melbourne Museum
Wellington Zoo Trustschmidtii

Distribution

American Samoa; Asia - Inland waters; Australia; Australian; East Central Australian Shelf; Fiji Islands; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Japan; New Caledonia; New Zealand; New Zealand Shelf; Norfolk Island; Oceania - Inland waters; Oriental; Pacific Is. (Trust Tr.); Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Southwest; Pacific, Western Central; Philippines; Samoa; Southwest Australian Shelf; Southwest Pacific: east coast of Australia and New Zealand, extending north to New Caledonia. Museum records from Fiji and Tahiti are doubtful. Australian and New Zealand forms sometimes recognized as subspecies. Most easily confused with <i>Anguilla ; Southwest Pacific: east coast of Australia and New Zealand, extending north to New Caledonia. Museum records from Fiji and Tahiti are doubtful. Australian and New Zealand forms sometimes recognized as subspecies. Most easily confused with <i>Anguilla obscura</i> and the surest way of distinguishing them is to count the vertebrae. Reported from Western and American Samoa (Ref. 592).; Tahiti; Thailand; West Central Australian Shelf;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 4Seasonal and size-related changes in the food of the short-finned eel, Anguilla australis in Lake Ellesmere, Canterbury, New Zealand, Patrick A. Ryan, Environmental Biology of Fishes Vol. I5, No. 1, pp. 47-58, 1986 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 6Relationship between turbidity and fish diets in Lakes Waahi and Whangape, New Zealand, John W. Hayes & Martin J. Rutledge, New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 25:3, 297-304 7Donald J. Jellyman (1989): Diet of two species of freshwater eel (Anguilla spp.) in Lake Pounui, New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 23:1, 1-10 8Diet of two species of freshwater eel (Anguilla spp.) in Lake Pounui, New Zealand, Donald J. Jellyman, New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 1989, Vol. 23: 1-10 9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 10Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
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