Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Callionymidae > Callionymus > Callionymus lyra

Callionymus lyra (european dragonet; Dragonet; Common dragonet)

Synonyms: Callionymus elegans; Callionymus sueurii; Uranoscopus micropterygius
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Wikipedia Abstract

The common dragonet (Callionymus lyra), is a species of dragonet widespread in the Eastern Atlantic from southern Iceland and Norway south to Mauritania, including the northern Mediterranean Sea, Gibraltar, and Algeria, western Black Sea, Aegean and Adriatic Sea, Azores and the Canary Islands. It can be found at depths of from 5 to 430 metres (16 to 1,411 ft), though mostly found no deeper than 30 metres (98 ft). This species is of minor importance to local commercial fisheries and can be found displayed in public aquariums. Males of this species grows to a length of 30 centimetres (12 in) TL, while the females can reach a length of 25 centimetres (9.8 in) TL.
View Wikipedia Record: Callionymus lyra


Maximum Longevity [1]  7 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Chesil and the Fleet 4032 England, United Kingdom
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Flamborough Head 15597 England, United Kingdom  
Isle of May 882 Scotland, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Loch Creran 3030 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Loch Laxford 3018 Scotland, United Kingdom
Loch nam Madadh 5734 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lochs Duich, Long and Alsh Reefs 5883 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lundy 7573 England, United Kingdom  
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Margate and Long Sands 160406 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
North Rona 1553 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Sanday 27112 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
Sound of Arisaig (Loch Ailort to Loch Ceann Traigh) 11260 Scotland, United Kingdom
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
St Kilda 62932 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
The Broads 14554 England, United Kingdom  
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  

Prey / Diet

Porcellana longicornis (long-clawed porcelain crab)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Agonus cataphractus (Pogge)1
Pholis gunnellus (Tissy)1
Trisopterus luscus (Whiting-pout)1


Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[3]
Chelidonichthys cuculus (cockoo gurnard)[3]
Chelidonichthys lucerna (Sapphirine gurnard)[3]
Conger conger (Conger)[3]
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)[3]
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)[3]
Echiichthys vipera (Lesser weever)[3]
Enchelyopus cimbrius (Rockling)[3]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[3]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[3]
Galeorhinus galeus (Vitamin shark)[3]
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)[3]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[3]
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)[4]
Lepidorhombus boscii (Whiff)[3]
Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis (whiff)[3]
Leucoraja fullonica (Shagreen ray)[3]
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)[3]
Limanda limanda (Sand dab)[3]
Loligo forbesii (Veined Squid)[5]
Lophius budegassa (Blackbellied angler)[3]
Lophius piscatorius (Monkfish)[3]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[3]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[3]
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)[3]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[3]
Myoxocephalus scorpius (Short-spined sea scorpion)[3]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[3]
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)[3]
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)[3]
Raja clavata (Roker)[3]
Raja microocellata (Owl ray)[3]
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)[3]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[3]
Scophthalmus maximus (Turbot)[3]
Scophthalmus rhombus (Flounder)[3]
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)[3]
Scyliorhinus stellaris (Rigg)[3]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[3]
Taurulus bubalis (longspined sea scorpion)[3]
Torpedo marmorata (Common crampfish)[6]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[3]
Trisopterus luscus (Whiting-pout)[3]
Trisopterus minutus (poor cod)[3]
Zeus faber (European john dory)[3]


Parasitized by 
Capillaria gracilis <Unverified Name>[7]
Derogenes varicus[7]
Hysterothylacium Petter <Unverified Name>[7]
Podocotyle atomon[7]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[7]
Zoogonoides viviparus[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Oceanario de Lisboa
Rotterdam Zoo


Aegean Sea; Albania; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Azores Islands; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Black Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cantabrian Sea; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Croatia; Denmark; Eastern Atlantic: southern Iceland and Norway south to Mauritania, including the northern Mediterranean, Gibraltar, and Algeria, western Black Sea, Aegean and Adriatic Sea, Azores and the Canary Islands.; Faeroe Islands; Faroe Plateau; France; Galician Shelf; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Gibraltar; Greece; Iberian Coastal; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Isle of Man; Italy; Malta; Mauritania; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Monaco; Morocco; Netherlands; North Sea; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Portugal; Sea of Marmara; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Tagus; Turkey; United Kingdom;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2Pinnegar, J.K. and Platts, M. (2011). DAPSTOM - An Integrated Database & Portal for Fish Stomach Records. Version 3.6. Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science, Lowestoft, UK. Phase 3, Final Report, July 2011, 35pp.
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Diets of adult and chick Herring Gulls Larus argentatus argenteus on Ailsa Craig, south-west Scotland., M. Nogales, B. Zonfrillo and P. Monaghan, SEABIRD 17: 56-63
5CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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