Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Channichthyidae > Champsocephalus > Champsocephalus gunnari
 

Champsocephalus gunnari (Mackerel icefish; Icefish)

Synonyms: Champsocephalus gunnaru
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Wikipedia Abstract

The mackerel icefish, Champsocephalus gunnari, is a fish found only in the Southern Ocean. They are mainly to be found near Heard and McDonald Islands, Îles Kerguelen and islands in the south Atlantic such as South Georgia.Due to overfishing, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) considers the species "depleted".
View Wikipedia Record: Champsocephalus gunnari

Prey / Diet

Allium sativum (cultivated garlic)[1]
Antarctomysis maxima[2]
Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[1]
Chaenocephalus aceratus (Scotian icefish)[1]
Champsocephalus gunnari (Mackerel icefish)[1]
Chorismus antarcticus[1]
Electrona antarctica (Lanternfish)[1]
Electrona carlsbergi (Electron subantarctic)[1]
Electrona subaspera (Rough lanternfish)[1]
Euphausia frigida[2]
Euphausia superba (Antarctic krill)[3]
Euphausia triacantha[2]
Euphausia vallentini[1]
Eurythenes obesus[1]
Eusirus perdentatus[1]
Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Nichol's lanternfish)[1]
Krefftichthys anderssoni (Anderson's lanternfish)[1]
Metelectrona ventralis (Flaccid lanternfish)[1]
Muraenolepis microps (Smalleye moray cod)[1]
Ningaui yvonnae (Southern Ningaui)[1]
Nototheniops larseni (Painted notie)[1]
Patagonotothen guntheri (Yellowfin notothen)[1]
Primno macropa[1]
Protomyctophum bolini (Lanternfish)[1]
Protomyctophum choriodon (Lanternfish)[1]
Protomyctophum luciferum (Lanternfish)[1]
Pseudochaenichthys georgianus (South Georgia icefish)[1]
Rhincalanus gigas[1]
Salpa thompsoni[1]
Themisto gaudichaudii[2]
Thysanoessa macrura[2]
Thysanoessa vicina[2]
Trematomus hansoni (Striped rockcod)[1]
Vibilia antarctica[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Allothunnus fallai (Tuna)1
Arctocephalus gazella (Antarctic Fur Seal)1
Balaenoptera bonaerensis (Antarctic Minke Whale)4
Bathydraco marri (Deepwater dragon)1
Chaenocephalus aceratus (Scotian icefish)2
Champsocephalus esox (Pike icefish)1
Cygnodraco mawsoni (Mawson's dragonfish)2
Dissostichus eleginoides (Patagonsky klykach)1
Dissostichus mawsoni (Antarctic blenny)1
Electrona antarctica (Lanternfish)2
Electrona carlsbergi (Electron subantarctic)2
Gobionotothen angustifrons (Narrowhead rockcod)1
Gobionotothen gibberifrons (Humped rockcod)1
Gymnodraco acuticeps (Ploughfish)1
Gymnoscopelus braueri (Lanternfish)2
Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Nichol's lanternfish)5
Gymnoscopelus opisthopterus (Lanternfish)2
Lagenorhynchus cruciger (Hourglass Dolphin)1
Lepidonotothen squamifrons (Grey rockcod)1
Lindbergichthys nudifrons (Yellowfin notie)1
Lobodon carcinophaga (Crabeater Seal)1
Macruronus novaezelandiae (Whiptail hake)1
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)1
Metelectrona herwigi (Herwig lanternfish)1
Micromesistius australis (Southern poutassou)1
Mirounga leonina (Southern Elephant Seal)1
Nannobrachium achirus (Lantern fish)2
Nototheniops larseni (Painted notie)1
Oceanites oceanicus (Wilson's Storm-Petrel)2
Parachaenichthys georgianus (Antarctic dragonfish)1
Protomyctophum bolini (Lanternfish)1
Protomyctophum choriodon (Lanternfish)2
Pseudochaenichthys georgianus (South Georgia icefish)1
Scomber scombrus (Split)1
Thyrsites atun (snake mackerel)1
Trematomus bernacchii (Emerald notothen)1
Trematomus hansoni (Striped rockcod)1
Vomeridens infuscipinnis (Antarctic dragonfish)1

Predators

Amblyraja georgiana (Antarctic starry skate)[1]
Aptenodytes patagonicus (King Penguin)[1]
Arctocephalus gazella (Antarctic Fur Seal)[1]
Arctocephalus tropicalis (Subantarctic Fur Seal)[1]
Chaenocephalus aceratus (Scotian icefish)[4]
Champsocephalus gunnari (Mackerel icefish)[1]
Daption capense (Cape Petrel)[3]
Diomedea exulans (Wandering Albatross)[1]
Dissostichus eleginoides (Patagonsky klykach)[1]
Eudyptes chrysocome (Rockhopper Penguin)[1]
Eudyptes chrysolophus (Macaroni Penguin)[5]
Leucocarbo atriceps georgianus (South Georgia shag)[1]
Macronectes halli (Northern Giant Petrel)[3]
Mirounga leonina (Southern Elephant Seal)[1]
Notothenia rossii (Marbled rockcod)[1]
Onykia ingens (warty squid)[1]
Pagodroma nivea (Snow Petrel)[3]
Procellaria aequinoctialis (White-chinned Petrel)[1]
Protomyctophum choriodon (Lanternfish)[1]
Pygoscelis papua (Gentoo Penguin)[6]
Somniosus antarcticus (southern sleeper shark)[1]
Thalassarche chrysostoma (Grey-headed Albatross)[1]
Thalassarche melanophris (Black-browed Albatross)[7]
Thalassoica antarctica (Antarctic Petrel)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ascarophis nototheniae <Unverified Name>[8]
Bothriocephalus antarcticus[8]
Corynosoma pseudohamanni[8]
Derogenes varicus[8]
Elytrophalloides oatesi[8]
Genolinea bowersi[8]
Glomericirrus macrouri[8]
Glomericirrus ulmeri[1]
Gonocerca phycidis[8]
Lecithaster macrocotyle[8]
Lecithophyllum champsocephali[8]
Lepidapedon garrardi[8]
Macvicaria georgiana[8]
Macvicaria pennelli[8]
Metacanthocephalus johnstoni[8]
Neolebouria antarctica[8]
Onchobothrium antarcticum[8]
Phocanema antarctica <Unverified Name>[8]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[8]

Distribution

Antarctic; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Antarctic; Bouvet Island; French Southern Tr.; Heard and McDonald Is.; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Antarctic; Kerguelen Islands; Scotia Sea; South Orkney Islands; South Shetland Islands; Southern Ocean: Islands of the Scotia Sea, including the northern part of Antarctic Peninsula; Kerguelen, Heard and Bouvet islands; in the South Atlantic, near the South Georgia. Also in near the South Orkneys and South Shetland islands.;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 2Variations in the diet composition and feeding intensity of mackerel icefish Champsocephalus gunnari at South Georgia (Antarctic), K.-H. Kock, S. Wilhelms, I. Everson, J. Gröger, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 108: 43-57, 1994 3Towards the trophic structure of the Bouvet Island marine ecosystem, U. Jacob, T. Brey, I. Fetzer, S. Kaehler, K. Mintenbeck, K. Dunton, K. Beyer, U. Struck , E.A. Pakhomov and W.E. Arntz, Polar Biology, 29 (2). pp. 106-113 (2006) 4Distribution and ecology of Chaenocephalus aceratus (Channichthyidae) around South Georgia and Shag Rocks (Southern Ocean), William D K Reid, Sarah Clarke, Martin A Collins, Mark Belchier, Polar Biology, 30 (12). 1523-1533 (2007) 5Studying Seabird Diet through Genetic Analysis of Faeces: A Case Study on Macaroni Penguins (Eudyptes chrysolophus), Bruce E. Deagle, Nick J. Gales, Karen Evans, Simon N. Jarman, Sarah Robinson, Rowan Trebilco, Mark A. Hindell, PLoS ONE 2(9): e831 6Spatial and temporal variation in the diet of the gentoo penguin (Pygoscelis papua) at Kerguelen Islands, Amélie Lescroël, Vincent Ridoux and Charles André Bost, Polar Biol (2004) 27: 206–216 7Food and feeding ecology of the neritic-slope forager black-browed albatross and its relationships with commercial fisheries in Kerguelen waters, Yves Cherel, Henri Weimerskirch, Colette Trouve, MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES, Vol. 207: 183–199, 2000 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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