Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Cichlidae > Cichla > Cichla ocellaris

Cichla ocellaris (Tucunare; Peacock cichlid; Peacock bass; Butterfly peacock bass)

Synonyms: Acharnes speciosus
Language: Creole, French; Danish; Djuka; Finnish; Galibi; German; Mandarin Chinese; Other; Oyampi; Palicur; Portuguese; Saramaccan; Spanish; Swedish; Wayana

Wikipedia Abstract

Cichla ocellaris, sometimes known as the butterfly peacock bass ("peacock bass" is also used for some of its relatives), is a very large species of cichlid from South America, and a prized game fish. It reaches 74 centimetres (29 in) in length. It is native to the Marowijne and Essequibo drainages in the Guianas, and the Branco River in Brazil. It has also been introduced to regions outside its natural range (e.g., Florida, Hawaii and Puerto Rico), but some uncertainty exists over the exact identity, and at least some of the introductions may involve another Cichla species or hybrids. It is frequently confused with C. monoculus.
View Wikipedia Record: Cichla ocellaris

Invasive Species

Cichla ocellaris is a piscivorus fish that has been introduced for sport fishing. Studies have concluded that where introduced this species predates on native species, competes for resources with others, and causing a cascading effect throughout the entire trophic food chain, but there are also contradictory studies that attribute increases in native fish populations to the introduction of C. ocellaris.
View ISSG Record: Cichla ocellaris


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
East Texas Gulf United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Florida Peninsula United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    
Hawaiian Islands United States Oceania Oceanic Islands    
Puerto Rico - Virgin Islands United Kingdom, United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    

Prey / Diet

Dorosoma petenense (Threadfin shad)[1]
Gambusia affinis (Live-bearing tooth-carp)[1]
Lepomis macrochirus (Bluegill)[1]


Parasitized by 
Eustrongylides ignotus <Unverified Name>[2]
Goezia intermedia <Unverified Name>[2]
Gussevia arilla <Unverified Name>[2]
Gussevia longihaptor <Unverified Name>[2]
Gussevia tucunarense <Unverified Name>[2]
Gussevia undulata <Unverified Name>[2]
Proteocephalus macrocephalus[1]
Proteocephalus macrophallus <Unverified Name>[2]
Proteocephalus microscopicus <Unverified Name>[2]
Sciadicleithrum ergensi <Unverified Name>[2]
Sciadicleithrum umbilicum <Unverified Name>[2]
Sciadicleithrum uncinatum <Unverified Name>[2]
Sciadocephalus megalodiscus <Unverified Name>[2]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Cameron Park Zoo
Ecodrome CV
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Florida Aquarium
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Miami Metrozoo
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science
Wildlife World Zoo
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.


America, North - Inland waters; America, South - Inland waters; Asia - Inland waters; Brazil; Colombia; Dominican Republic; French Guiana; Guam; Guyana; Hawaii (USA); Nearctic; Neotropical; Oceania - Inland waters; Panama; Puerto Rico; Singapore; South America: Marowijne drainage in Suriname and French Guiana to the Essequibo drainage in Guyana.; Suriname; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Venezuela;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
2Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access