Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Gadiformes > Macrouridae > Coryphaenoides > Coryphaenoides rupestris

Coryphaenoides rupestris (Roundnose grenadier; Rock grenadier; Blunt-nose rattail; Black grenadier)

Synonyms: Coryphaena rupestris; Coryphaenoides norvegicus; Ledipoleprus norvegicus; Lepidoleprus norvegicus; Macrourus stroemii; Macrurus norvegicus; Macrurus rupestris
Language: Danish; Faroese; Finnish; French; German; Icelandic; Japanese; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Spanish; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

Coryphaenoides rupestris is a species of marine ray-finned fish in the family Macrouridae. Its common names include the rock grenadier, the roundnose grenadier and the roundhead rat-tail. In France it is known as Grenadier de roche and in Spain as Granadero de roca. It is a large, deep water species and is fished commercially in the northern Atlantic Ocean.
View Wikipedia Record: Coryphaenoides rupestris

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Coryphaenoides rupestris


Adult Weight [1]  2.05 lbs (930 g)
Female Maturity [2]  10 years
Maximum Longevity [2]  54 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Sirmilik National Park II 5475284 Canada

Prey / Diet

Aetideopsis armatus[3]
Aetideopsis multiserrata[4]
Arctozenus risso (Spotted barracudina)[4]
Boreomysis arctica[5]
Calanus finmarchicus[3]
Eucopia hanseni[5]
Gaidropsarus ensis (Three-beard rockling)[6]
Gnathophausia zoea[5]
Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill)[3]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[3]
Pandalus borealis (northern shrimp)[3]
Paraeuchaeta norvegica[3]
Pasiphaea multidentata (pink glass shrimp)[3]
Pasiphaea tarda (crimson pasiphaeid)[6]
Pleuromamma robusta[4]
Pseudotiron bouvieri[5]
Sabinea sarsii (Sars shrimp)[3]
Sergestes arcticus[3]
Synaphobranchus kaupii (Gray's cutthroat)[4]
Themisto abyssorum[3]
Xenodermichthys copei (bluntsnout smoothhead)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alle alle (Little Auk)2
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)3
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)1
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)1
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)1
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)1


Hydrolagus mirabilis (Large-eyed rabbitfish)[7]
Molva dypterygia (Ling)[3]
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)[6]
Sebastes mentella (Redfish)[4]


Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[8]
Aporocotyle simplex[8]
Bolbosoma vasculosum[8]
Contracaecum aduncum[8]
Derogenes varicus[8]
Echinorhynchus gadi[8]
Fellicola longispiculus <Unverified Name>[8]
Glomericirrus macrouri[8]
Gonocerca crassa[8]
Gonocerca kobayashi <Unverified Name>[8]
Gonocerca macroformis[8]
Gonocerca phycidis[8]
Lecithophyllum botryophoron[8]
Macrouridophora macruri[8]
Parabothriocephalus macruri[8]
Paraccacladium jamiesoni[8]
Parahemiurus merus[8]
Philobythos atlanticus[8]
Proctophantastes abyssorum[8]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[8]
Scolex polymorphus <Unverified Name>[8]


North Atlantic: from about 37°N to Baffin Island and Greenland in the western Atlantic, and off Iceland and Norway south to North Africa in the eastern Atlantic. Reported to occur from the tongue of the Ocean east of Andros Islands (about 24°N, 77°W) in the Bahamas.;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3Predator-Prey Relationships and Food Sources of the Skagerrak Deep-Water Fish Assemblage, O. A. Bergstad, Å. D. Wik and Ø. Hildre, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 31, 2003, pp. 165-180
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Feeding ecology of deep fishes in the Le Danois Bank (Cantabrian Sea, North Spain), Preciado, I., Cartes, J., Velasco, F., Olaso, I., Serrano, A., Frutos, I., Sánchez, F., nternational Symposium on Oceanography of the Bay of Biscay (Vigo, Spain) (2006)
6Feeding Habits of Fish Species Distributed on the Grand Bank, Concepción González1, Xabier Paz, Esther Román, and María Hermida, NAFO SCR Doc. 06/31, Serial No. N5251 (2006)
7Feeding Habits and Biological Features of Deep-Sea Species of the Northwest Atlantic: Large-eyed Rabbitfish (Hydrolagus mirabilis), Narrownose Chimaera (Harriotta raleighana) and Black Dogfish (Centroscyllium fabricii)., Concepción González, Josefina Teruel, Eduardo López and Xabier Paz, Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization, SCIENTIFIC COUNCIL MEETING – SEPTEMBER 2007, Serial No. N5423, NAFO SCR Doc. 07/63
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access