Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Lamniformes > Odontaspididae > Carcharias > Carcharias taurus

Carcharias taurus (Spotted sand tiger shark; Spotted ragged-tooth shark; Spotted raggedtooth shark; Spotted ragged-tooth; Spotted raggedtooth; Shovel-nosed shark; Slender-tooth shark; Sandtiger shark; Sand-tiger; Sand tiger shark; Sand tiger; Sand shark; Nuss shark; Ground shark; Greynurse shark; Grey nurse; Grey Nurse Shark; Gray nurse shark; Dogfish shark; Blue-nurse sand tiger; Blue nurse shark)

Synonyms: Carcharhinus taurus; Carcharias arenarias; Carcharias arenarius; Carcharias griseus; Carcharias owstoni; Carcharias platensis; Charcharias taurus; Eugomphodus taurus; Lamna ecarinata; Odontaspis americanus; Odontaspis arenarius; Odontaspis cinerea; Odontaspis platensis; Odontaspis taurus; Squalus littoralis; Squalus macrodus
Language: Afrikaans; Albanian; Arabic; Bahasa Indonesia; Catalan; Croatian; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Finnish; Fon GBE; French; German; Greek; Hebrew; Italian; Japanese; Kannada; Maltese; Mandarin Chinese; Marathi; Polish; Portuguese; Russian; Serbian; Serer; Spanish; Swedish; Vietnamese; Vili; Wolof

Wikipedia Abstract

The sand tiger shark (Carcharias taurus), grey nurse shark, spotted ragged-tooth shark, or blue-nurse sand tiger is a species of shark that inhabits subtropical and temperate waters worldwide. It inhabits the continental shelf, from sandy shorelines (hence the name sand tiger shark) and submerged reefs to a depth of around 191 m (627 ft). They dwell in the waters of Japan, Australia, South Africa, the Mediterranean and the east coasts of North and South America.
View Wikipedia Record: Carcharias taurus


Adult Weight [2]  192.55 lbs (87.34 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  6 years 10 months
Male Maturity [2]  4 years 6 months
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Litter Size [2]  2
Maximum Longevity [2]  12 years
Migration [3]  Oceanodromous
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Reef, Coastal

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  

Prey / Diet

Argyrosomus inodorus (Mild meagre)[4]
Bagre marinus (Slooprig)[5]
Chaetodipterus faber (White angelfish)[5]
Chloroscombrus chrysurus (Yellowtail)[5]
Cynoglossus capensis (sand sole)[4]
Cynoscion arenarius (Sand seatrout)[5]
Cynoscion nebulosus (Spotted weakfish)[5]
Echeneis naucrates (White tailed remore)[5]
Galeichthys feliceps (White baggar)[4]
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)[6]
Loligo reynaudii (Cape Hope Squid)[4]
Mugil cephalus (gray mullet)[5]
Opisthonema oglinum (Atlantic thread herring)[5]
Peprilus triacanthus (Sheephead)[6]
Pogonias cromis (Sea drum)[5]
Pomadasys commersonnii (Smallspotted grunt)[4]
Raja eglanteria (Clearnose skate)[6]
Rhinobatos annulatus (Guitarfish)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Carcharhinus obscurus (Whaler shark)1
Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark)2
Carcharhinus signatus (Shark)1
Cynoscion regalis (Weakfish)1
Dasyatis say (Say's stingray)1
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)1
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)1
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)1
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)2
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)1
Raja eglanteria (Clearnose skate)1
Sphyrna zygaena (Smooth hammerhead shark)1
Squatina dumeril (Atlantic angelshark)2
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)1
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)1
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)1


Parasitized by 
Crossobothrium laciniatum[7]
Pintneriella musculicola[7]
Terranova rochalimai <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Acquario di Genova
Adventure Aquarium
Albuquerque Biological Park
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Aquarium of the Pacific, Long Beach
Living Seas
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
New England Aquarium
New York Aquarium
Newport Aquarium
Ocean Park Corporation
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
South Carolina Aquarium
Tennessee Aquarium
The Deep
Universeum Science Center
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.


Aegean Sea; Agulhas Current; Albania; Algeria; Arabian Sea; Argentina; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Australia; Bahamas; Benguela Current; Benin; Bermuda; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Brazil; Cameroon; Canada; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cape Verde; Caribbean Sea; China; Colombia; Coral Sea and GBR; Croatia; Cuba; Cyprus; Côte d'Ivoire; Djibouti; East Brazil Shelf; East Central Australian Shelf; East China Sea; Egypt; Eritrea; Found in all warm seas except perhaps the eastern Pacific (Ref. 13568). Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and off South Africa to Japan, Korea and Australia (Ref. 13568). Present in Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819). Western Atlantic: Gulf of Maine to Argentina. Old; Found in all warm seas except perhaps the eastern Pacific (Ref. 13568). Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and off South Africa to Japan, Korea and Australia (Ref. 13568). Present in Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819). Western Atlantic: Gulf of Maine to Argentina. Old record from Bermuda, south Brazil (Ref. 26938). Eastern Atlantic: Mediterranean to Cameroon. Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951).; France; Gambia; Ghana; Great Barrier Reef; Greece; Guinea; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Gulf of Maine; Gulf of Mexico; Hong Kong; India; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Indian Ocean, Western; Indonesia; Indonesian Sea; Israel; Italy; Japan; Jordan; Kenya; Korea, Republic of; Kuwait; Lebanon; Liberia; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Macau; Madagascar; Malta; Mauritania; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Monaco; Morocco; Mozambique; Namibia; Nigeria; North Australian Shelf; North Brazil Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Ogasawara Islands; Oman; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Southwest; Pacific, Western Central; Patagonian Shelf; Persian Gulf; Philippines; Red Sea; Sao Tomé and Principe; Saudi Arabia; Sea of Japan; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Sierra Leone; Slovenia; Somali Coastal Current; Somalia; South Africa; South Brazil Shelf; South China Sea; Southeast Australian Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Southwest Australian Shelf; Spain; Sudan; Syrian Arab Republic; Taiwan; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Togo; Tunisia; Turkey; USA (contiguous states); Uruguay; Viet Nam; West Central Australian Shelf; Western Sahara; Yellow Sea; Yemen;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
4The diet of the ragged-tooth shark Carcharias taurus Rafinesque 1810 in the Eastern Cape, South Africa, MJ Smale, African Journal of Marine Science 2005, 27(1): 331–335
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000)
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access