Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Gadiformes > Gadidae > Gadus > Gadus morhua
 

Gadus morhua (rock cod; Winter fish; West indian; West india; Trap fish; Trap cod; Tom-cod; Thirds; Tally fish; Swallow tail; Swallow; Summer fish; Summer cod-fish; Strip; Straits fish; Stockfish; Split; Spanish fish; Soft cured; Soft cure; Soaker; Snubby; Snub; Snig; Refuse fish; Red-cod; Puerto rico fish; Poor john; Pink fish; Pea; Old soaker; Northern cod; Newfoundland fish; Mud fish; Mother fish; Merchantable; Madeira; Logy fish; Loader; Leggy; Lap tail; Laggy; Lady day fish; Labrador cure; Labrador fish; Klippfish; Klipfish; Kil'din cod; Jigger fish; Jersey fish; Italian; Inshore cod; Hen; Heavy salted; Heavy salt; Heavy fish; Hard-dry; Hard cure; Harbour tom-cod; Half-saved; Haberdine; Grog fish; Green fish; Gaspé cure; Full pickle fish; Full cured fish; Foxy tom-cod; Foots; Floaters fish; Floater fish; Fish ball; Fish dumpling; Fish; Fall fish; Fall cure; Eating fish; Dun fish; Dumb fish; Dum fish; Duffy; Dry fish; Cut-tail; Corre fish; Codling; Core fish; Codfish brick; Cod-fish; Codde; Codd; Cod; Christmas fish; Bull dog; Broken fish; Breeder; Brazil fish; BlackBerry fish; Bim fish; Berry fish; Bastard; Bank fish; Bank cod; Baccale; Baccalo; Baccalao; Bacaleau; Bacalao; Atlantic cod; Slop; Shore labrador; Shore fish; Shore cod; Shoal fish; Shoal cod; Semi-dry; Seal-head cod; Scrod; Screwed fish; Scrawd; Scraud; Scrad; Schrod; Saltfish; Salt-bulk; Salt fish; Rounder)

Synonyms: Asellus major; Gadus arenosus; Gadus callarias; Gadus callarias hiemalis; Gadus callarias kildinensis; Gadus heteroglossus; Gadus morhua callarias; Gadus morhua kildinensis; Gadus morhua morhua; Gadus morrhua; Gadus nanus; Gadus rupestris; Gadus vertagus; Morhua punctatus; Morhua vulgaris; Morrhua americana; Morrhua vulgaris
Language: Catalan; Danish; Dutch; Estonian; Faroese; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Greenlandic; Icelandic; Inuktitut; Italian; Japanese; Latvian; Lithuanian; Mandarin Chinese; Manx; mona; Norwegian; Other; Polish; Portuguese; Prussian, Old; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is a well-known benthopelagic fish of the family Gadidae, widely consumed by humans. It is also commercially known as cod or codling.
View Wikipedia Record: Gadus morhua

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  116.40 lbs (52.80 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 2 months
Male Maturity [1]  2 years 1 month
Maximum Longevity [1]  25 years
Migration [2]  Oceanodromous

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    
Norwegian Sea Drainages Norway, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Firth of Lorn 51830 Scotland, United Kingdom
Flamborough Head 15597 England, United Kingdom  
Isle of May 882 Scotland, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Loch Creran 3030 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Loch Laxford 3018 Scotland, United Kingdom
Loch nam Madadh 5734 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lochs Duich, Long and Alsh Reefs 5883 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Margate and Long Sands 160406 England, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Mousa 1311 Scotland, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
The Broads 14554 England, United Kingdom  
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  

Ecosystems

Emblem of

Massachusetts

Prey / Diet

Abra alba (white furrow shell)[3]
Acartia clausi[3]
Aega psora (zeewants)[3]
Aequipecten opercularis (Scallop)[3]
Aglantha digitale (Pink helmet)[3]
Agonus cataphractus (Pogge)[3]
Alcyonium digitatum (Dead Man's fingers)[3]
Alloteuthis subulata (European Common Squid)[3]
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)[3]
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[3]
Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)[4]
Ammodytes marinus (sand eel)[3]
Ammodytes tobianus (lesser sand eel)[3]
Ampelisca brevicornis[3]
Amphilochus tenuimanus[3]
Amphiura filiformis (brittlestar)[3]
Anarhichas denticulatus (Northern wolffish)[3]
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)[3]
Anarhichas minor (Spotted wolf-fish)[3]
Anchoa spinifer (Spicule anchovy)[3]
Anguilla anguilla (River eel)[3]
Anisarchus medius (Stout eelblenny)[3]
Anomalocera patersoni[3]
Anthus pratensis (Meadow Pipit)[3]
Aphelochaeta marioni (bristleworm)[3]
Aphia minuta (Transparent goby)[3]
Aphrodita aculeata (Sea mouse)[3]
Aplysia punctata (spotted sea hare)[3]
Arctica islandica (Cyprine)[3]
Arctozenus risso (Spotted barracudina)[3]
Arenicola brasiliensis[3]
Arenicola marina (arénicole)[3]
Argentina silus (Atlantic argentine)[3]
Argentina sphyraena (Lesser silver smelt)[3]
Arnoglossus laterna (Scald-fish)[3]
Artediellus uncinatus (Snowflake hookear)[3]
Astacilla longicornis[3]
Astarte castanea (smooth astarte)[3]
Asterias amurensis (Flatbottom seastar)[3]
Asterias rubens (Starfish)[3]
Astropecten articulatus (royal sea star)[3]
Astropecten irregularis (sand star)[3]
Atelecyclus rotundatus (circular crab)[3]
Atherina presbyter (common sand smelt)[3]
Atylus falcatus[3]
Atylus swammerdami[3]
Aurelia aurita (moon jelly)[3]
Balanoglossus clavigerus[3]
Balanus crenatus (Crenate barnacle)[3]
Bathynectes longipes[3]
Bathyplax typhla (rigid bathyal crab)[3]
Bathyporeia pelagica[3]
Belone belone (Garfish)[3]
Benthosema glaciale (Large-eyed froghead)[3]
Beroe cucumis[3]
Blennius ocellaris (Butterfly blenny)[3]
Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[3]
Bolinopsis infundibulum (Common northern comb jelly)[3]
Bolinopsis vitrea (Glass comb jelly)[3]
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)[3]
Boreotrophon clathratus (clathrate trophon)[3]
Brachynotus sexdentatus[3]
Branchiostoma floridae (Florida lancelet)[3]
Branchiostoma lanceolatum[3]
Brosme brosme (Tusk)[3]
Buccinum humphreysianum (Whelk)[5]
Buccinum undatum (common whelk)[3]
Buenia jeffreysii (Jeffrey's goby)[3]
Buglossidium luteum (Yellow sole)[3]
Bylgides sarsi (Antinella)[3]
Calanus finmarchicus[3]
Calanus glacialis[3]
Calanus hyperboreus[3]
Callianassa subterranea (mud shrimp)[3]
Callionymus lyra (european dragonet)[3]
Callionymus maculatus (Spotted dragonet)[3]
Callionymus reticulatus (Reticulated dragonet)[3]
Calocaris macandreae[3]
Cancer borealis (Jonah crab)[4]
Cancer pagurus (Rock crab)[3]
Cancer plebejus (Atlantic rock crab)[4]
Caprella monocera[3]
Capulus ungaricus (fools capsnail)[3]
Carcinus maenas (green crab)[6]
Careproctus reinhardti (Longfin seasnail)[3]
Caristius macropus (Veilfin)[3]
Centrolabrus exoletus (smallmouthed wrasse)[7]
Centropages typicus[3]
Cerastoderma edule (Common cockle)[3]
Chama macerophylla (leafy jewelbox)[3]
Chamelea gallina (Striped venus)[3]
Chelidonichthys cuculus (cockoo gurnard)[3]
Chelidonichthys lucerna (Sapphirine gurnard)[3]
Chionoecetes opilio (snow crab)[8]
Chirolophis ascanii (Yarrell's blenny)[3]
Chlamys islandica (Iceland scallop)[3]
Ciliata mustela (Rockling)[3]
Ciliata septentrionalis (Rockling)[3]
Clione limacina (Naked sea butterfly)[3]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[3]
Conger conger (Conger)[3]
Corella parallelogramma[3]
Corophium volutator (mud shrimp)[3]
Coryne pusilla[3]
Corystes cassivelaunus (masked crab)[3]
Cottus gobio (Bullhead)[3]
Crangon allmanni[3]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[6]
Crepidula fornicata (common Atlantic slippersnail)[3]
Crystallogobius linearis (Crystal goby)[3]
Ctenodiscus crispatus (Mud star)[3]
Cucumaria frondosa (Orange-footed sea cucumber)[3]
Cucumaria salma (Sea cucumber)[3]
Cyclopterus lumpus (Lumpsucker)[3]
Cylichna alba (white chalice-bubble)[3]
Diarthrodes nobilis[3]
Diastylis goodsiri[3]
Diastylis rathkei[3]
Dicentrarchus labrax (White salmon)[3]
Dinocardium robustum (Atlantic giant cockle)[3]
Diplocirrus hirsutus[3]
Donax vittatus (banded wedge-shell)[3]
Doryteuthis pleii (arrow squid)[3]
Dosinia exoleta (Mature dosinia)[3]
Dyspanopeus sayi (Say mud crab)[3]
Ebalia tumefacta (Bryers nut crab)[3]
Echiichthys vipera (Lesser weever)[3]
Echinocardium cordatum (Heart urchin)[3]
Echinocyamus pusillus (green sea urchin)[3]
Echiurus echiurus (Echiurud worm)[3]
Eledone cirrhosa (Curled octopus)[9]
Enchelyopus cimbrius (Rockling)[3]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[3]
Epitonium clathrus (common wentletrap)[3]
Erimacrus isenbeckii (hair crab)[3]
Erythrops erythrophthalma[3]
Eualus pusiolus (doll eualid)[3]
Eurydice pulchra (gewone pissebed)[3]
Eurynome aspera (strawberry crab)[3]
Eurytemora velox[3]
Euspira catena (Chained moon-shell)[3]
Euspira pulchella (common necklace shell)[3]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[3]
Euvola raveneli (round-rib scallop)[3]
Evadne nordmanni[3]
Fenestraria rhopalophylla (babies toes)[3]
Flustra foliacea (Leafy bryozoan)[3]
Gadiculus argenteus (Silvery pout)[3]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[4]
Gaidropsarus vulgaris (Whistler)[3]
Galathea dispersa[3]
Galathea intermedia[7]
Galathea nexa[3]
Galathea rostrata[3]
Galathea squamifera (Lobster)[3]
Galathea strigosa (Squat lobster)[3]
Galeus melastomus (Black-mouth catshark)[3]
Gammarellus homari[3]
Gammarus locusta[3]
Gari fervensis (Faroe sunset shell)[3]
Gasterosteus aculeatus (Alaskan stickleback)[3]
Gastrosaccus spinifer[10]
Geryon trispinosus[3]
Gibbula cineraria (Grey topshell)[3]
Gibbula tumida[3]
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)[3]
Gobius niger (Black goby)[3]
Gobiusculus flavescens (Two-spotted goby)[7]
Golfingia margaritacea (Sipunculid)[3]
Golfingia vulgaris[3]
Gonatus fabricii (boreoatlantic armhook squid)[9]
Goneplax rhomboides (angular crab)[3]
Gracilechinus acutus[3]
Gyge branchialis[3]
Gymnocanthus tricuspis (Arctic staghorn sculpin)[3]
Hamingia arctica[3]
Harmothoe impar[3]
Hediste diversicolor (veelkleurige zeeduizendpoot)[3]
Heteromastus filiformis (draadworm)[3]
Hippocampus guttulatus (Spiny seahorse)[3]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[3]
Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Halibut)[3]
Hippolyte varians[7]
Hippolyte zostericola (zostera shrimp)[3]
Hormathia digitata[3]
Hormathia nodosa (rugose anemone)[3]
Hyas araneus (Atlantic lyre crab)[3]
Hyas coarctatus (Arctic lyre crab)[3]
Hyperia galba[3]
Hyperoche medusarum[3]
Hyperoplus lanceolatus (greater sand eel)[3]
Icelus bicornis (Twohorn sculpin)[3]
Idotea balthica (gewone zeepissebed)[3]
Idotea linearis (smalle zeepissebed)[3]
Idotea neglecta[7]
Iliacantha liodactylus[3]
Iliacantha subglobosa (longfinger purse crab)[3]
Illex illecebrosus (northern shortfin squid)[4]
Inachus leptochirus[3]
Inachus phalangium (Leach's spider crab)[3]
Jassa falcata (Mottled tube-making amphipod)[3]
Jaxea nocturna[3]
Lagis koreni (Köcherwurm)[3]
Lanice conchilega (schelpkokerworm)[3]
Leander serratus[3]
Lebbeus polaris (polar lebbeid)[3]
Lensia conoidea[3]
Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Shore clingfish)[3]
Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis (whiff)[3]
Leptagonus decagonus (Sea poacher)[3]
Leptoclinus maculatus (Daubed shanny)[3]
Limacina helicina (helicid pteropod)[3]
Limanda limanda (Sand dab)[3]
Lineus bilineatus[3]
Liocarcinus corrugatus (wrinkled swimming crab)[3]
Liocarcinus depurator (harbour crab)[3]
Liocarcinus holsatus (flying crab)[3]
Liocarcinus marmoreus (marbled swimming crab)[3]
Liocarcinus pusillus (dwarf swimming crab)[3]
Liparis gibbus (Dusky snailfish)[3]
Liparis liparis (striped seasnail)[3]
Liparis montagui (Montagu's sea-snail)[3]
Lipophrys pholis (Shanny)[3]
Lithodes maja (Norway king crab)[3]
Littorina keenae (eroded periwinkle)[3]
Littorina littorea (Common periwinkle)[3]
Loligo forbesii (Veined Squid)[3]
Loligo vulgaris (European Squid)[3]
Longipedia coronata[3]
Lophaster furcifer[3]
Lophius piscatorius (Monkfish)[3]
Lophogaster typicus[3]
Loxorhynchus crispatus (moss crab)[3]
Lumpenus lampretaeformis (serpent blenny)[3]
Lycenchelys kolthoffi (Checkered wolf eel)[3]
Lycenchelys sarsii (Sars' wolf eel)[3]
Lycodes esmarkii (Esmark's eelpout)[3]
Lycodes eudipleurostictus (Doubleline eelpout)[3]
Lycodes vahlii (Vahl's eelpout)[3]
Macoma balthica (Baltic macoma)[3]
Macrocoeloma trispinosum (spongy decorator crab)[3]
Macropipus tuberculatus (portunid crab)[3]
Macropodia rostrata (common spider crab)[3]
Macropodia tenuirostris (slender spider crab)[3]
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)[3]
Mactra stultorum (rayed trough shell)[3]
Malacobdella grossa (Ribbon worm)[3]
Maldane sarsi (bambooworm)[3]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[8]
Maurolicus muelleri (Silvery lightfish)[3]
Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill)[3]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[3]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[3]
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)[4]
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)[3]
Metacarcinus anthonyi (yellow crab)[3]
Metoporhaphis calcarata (false arrow crab)[3]
Metridia longa[3]
Micrenophrys lilljeborgii (Norway bullhead)[3]
Microchirus variegatus (Variegated sole)[3]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[11]
Micropanope nuttingi (beaded mud crab)[3]
Microstomus kitt (Sweet fluke)[3]
Mimachlamys varia (variegated scallop)[3]
Modiolus modiolus (Kurile horsemussel)[3]
Modiolus sacculifer (bag horsemussel)[3]
Molva dypterygia (Ling)[3]
Molva molva (Ling)[3]
Monoculodes carinatus[3]
Monodaeus couchii[3]
Munida angulata[3]
Munida rugosa (Long-clawed squat lobster)[3]
Munida sarsi[3]
Muusoctopus normani[9]
Mya arenaria (Clam)[3]
Mya truncata (truncate softshell)[3]
Myoxocephalus scorpius (Short-spined sea scorpion)[3]
Myrtea spinifera[3]
Mysis mixta[3]
Mytilus edulis (Blue mussel)[3]
Myxine glutinosa (Atlantic hagfish)[3]
Natatolana borealis[3]
Necora puber (velvet crab)[3]
Neoamphitrite figulus (Slijmkokerworm)[3]
Neognathophausia gigas[3]
Neomysis integer[3]
Neotrypaea gigas (giant ghost shrimp)[3]
Nephrops norvegicus (Norway lobster)[3]
Neptunea antiqua (red whelk)[3]
Neptunea despecta[3]
Nereis pelagica (gewone zeeduizendpoot)[3]
Nucula nucleus (common nut clam)[3]
Nymphon brevirostre[3]
Oikopleura dioica[3]
Oithona spinirostris[3]
Onchnesoma squamatum[3]
Ophelia bicornis[3]
Ophiacantha bidentata[3]
Ophiocten sericeum[3]
Ophiopholis aculeata (daisy brittle star)[3]
Ophiothrix fragilis (common brittlestar)[3]
Ophiura albida (brittlestar)[3]
Ophiura sarsii[3]
Osmerus eperlanus (European smelt)[3]
Owenia fusiformis (Roofing worm)[3]
Pagurus bernhardus (Bernhard's hermit crab)[3]
Pagurus cuanensis[3]
Pagurus prideauxi (Brown-legged hermit crab)[3]
Pagurus pubescens[3]
Pandalina brevirostris[3]
Pandalus borealis (northern shrimp)[8]
Pandalus montagui (Aesop shrimp)[3]
Pandalus stenolepis (roughpatch shrimp)[3]
Paracalanus parvus[3]
Paracentrotus lividus (Purple sea urchin)[3]
Paradoxostoma variabile[3]
Paraeuchaeta norvegica[3]
Parajassa pelagica[3]
Parasagitta elegans (elegant arrow worm)[3]
Parathemisto oblivia[3]
Pasiphaea sivado (white glass shrimp)[3]
Patella pellucida (blue-rayed limpet)[3]
Peachia hastata[12]
Pectinaria californiensis[3]
Philocheras gorei[3]
Pholis gunnellus (Tissy)[7]
Phrynorhombus norvegicus (Norwegian topknot)[3]
Phycis blennoides (Greater fork-beard)[3]
Phyllodoce longipes[3]
Phyllodoce maculata (gestippelde dieseltreinworm)[3]
Pilumnus hirtellus (bristly crab)[3]
Pinnotheres pisum (pea crab)[3]
Pinnotheres pugettensis (Puget pea crab)[3]
Platichthys flesus (North Atlantic flounder)[3]
Pleurobrachia pileus (Sea gooseberry)[3]
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)[3]
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)[3]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[3]
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)[7]
Pontophilus abyssi[3]
Pontophilus echinulatus[3]
Pontophilus gracilis[3]
Pontophilus spinosus (spiny lobster)[3]
Porcellana longicornis (long-clawed porcelain crab)[3]
Porcellana platycheles (broad-clawed porcelain crab)[3]
Porcellana sayana (spotted porcelain crab)[3]
Porella compressa[3]
Portlandia arctica (arctic nutclam)[3]
Portlandia intermedia (intermediate yoldia)[3]
Praunus flexuosus (chameleon shrimp)[7]
Praunus inermis[7]
Praunus neglectus[7]
Priapulus caudatus (Priapulus)[3]
Processa canaliculata (processa shrimp)[3]
Processa hemphilli[3]
Propebela turricula[3]
Psammechinus miliaris (Shore urchin)[3]
Pseudamussium peslutrae[3]
Pseudocalanus elongatus[3]
Pseudocalanus minutus[3]
Pseudocuma longicorne[3]
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)[4]
Pteroctopus tetracirrhus (fourhorn octopus)[3]
Pycnogonum littorale (Anemone sea spider)[3]
Raja clavata (Roker)[3]
Rajella fyllae (Round ray)[3]
Redigobius bikolanus (checkered dualspot goby)[3]
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)[3]
Rhachotropis aculeata[3]
Rossia macrosoma (stout bobtail squid)[3]
Rossia moelleri[9]
Rossia palpebrosa (warty bobtail squid)[3]
Sabella pavonina (slijkkokerworm)[3]
Sabinea sarsii (Sars shrimp)[3]
Sabinea septemcarinata (sevenline shrimp)[3]
Saduria sabini[3]
Salmo salar (Atlantic salmon)[3]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[3]
Scaphander lignarius (Woody Canoe-bubble)[3]
Schistomysis ornata[3]
Schistomysis spiritus[3]
Scina borealis[3]
Sclerocrangon boreas (sculptured shrimp)[3]
Scolecithricella minor[3]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[3]
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)[4]
Scophthalmus maximus (Turbot)[3]
Scophthalmus rhombus (Flounder)[3]
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)[3]
Sebastes mentella (Redfish)[3]
Sebastes norvegicus (Golden redfish)[3]
Sebastes viviparus (Atlantic ocean perch)[3]
Sepia officinalis (common or european cuttlefish)[3]
Sepia orbignyana (pink cuttlefish)[3]
Sepietta oweniana (Common Bobtail)[3]
Sepiola atlantica (Atlantic Bobtail)[3]
Sergestes arcticus[3]
Serpula vermicularis (Plume worm)[3]
Siriella armata[3]
Siriella jaltensis[3]
Solea solea (True sole)[3]
Spatangus purpureus (violet heart-urchin)[3]
Spiochaetopterus typicus[3]
Spirontocaris cranchi[3]
Spirontocaris lilljeborgii[3]
Spirontocaris spinus (parrot shrimp)[3]
Spisula solida (Solid surf clam)[3]
Spisula subtruncata (cut trough shell)[3]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[3]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[4]
Stegocephalus inflatus[3]
Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (Green sea urchin)[3]
Syrrhoe crenulata[3]
Taphromysis louisianae[3]
Taurulus bubalis (longspined sea scorpion)[3]
Temora longicornis[3]
Terebellides pacifica[3]
Tetraxanthus rathbunae (inflated mud crab)[3]
Themisto abyssorum[3]
Themisto compressa[3]
Themisto libellula[3]
Thia scutellata (thumbnail crab)[3]
Thyasira gouldi (Northern hatchet-shell)[3]
Thysanoessa inermis[3]
Thysanoessa longicaudata[3]
Thysanoessa raschii (Arctic krill)[3]
Tisbe furcata[3]
Todarodes sagittatus (European flying squid)[9]
Trachipterus arcticus (Dealfish)[3]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[3]
Triglops murrayi (Moustache sculpin)[3]
Triglops pingelii (Ribbed sculpin)[3]
Trisopterus esmarkii (Norway pout)[3]
Trisopterus luscus (Whiting-pout)[3]
Trisopterus minutus (poor cod)[3]
Trivia monacha (European cowrie)[3]
Turritella communis[3]
Turritella exoleta (eastern turretsnail)[3]
Upogebia deltaura[3]
Uria aalge (Common Murre)[3]
Urticina felina (Northern red anemone)[3]
Xantho pilipes (Risso's crab)[3]
Zeugopterus punctatus (Topknot)[3]
Zoarces americanus (Ocean pout)[4]
Zoarces viviparus (viviporous blenny)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alopias vulpinus (Zorro thresher shark)2
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)3
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)5
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)4
Anarhichas minor (Spotted wolf-fish)2
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)2
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)3
Centroscyllium fabricii (Black dogfish)2
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)2
Ctenolabrus rupestris (Rock cook)3
Deania calcea (Thompsons shark)2
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)2
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)2
Dipturus laevis (Barndoor skate)2
Erignathus barbatus (Bearded Seal)2
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)2
Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)2
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)2
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)3
Galeus melastomus (Black-mouth catshark)2
Gobius niger (Black goby)2
Grampus griseus (Risso's Dolphin)3
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)3
Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling)2
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)2
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)2
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)4
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)7
Lagenorhynchus albirostris (White-beaked Dolphin)2
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)4
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)3
Larus marinus (Great Black-backed Gull)2
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)3
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)2
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)3
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)3
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)4
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)5
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)6
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)4
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)2
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)2
Myoxocephalus scorpius (Short-spined sea scorpion)2
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)2
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)2
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)2
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)3
Platichthys flesus (North Atlantic flounder)2
Pleuronectes quadrituberculatus (Alaska plaice)2
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)4
Pollachius virens (Sillock)8
Pomatoschistus microps (Common goby)3
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)2
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)2
Raja brachyura (Blond ray)3
Raja clavata (Roker)4
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)2
Rajella fyllae (Round ray)2
Rajella lintea (Sharp-nosed skate)2
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)5
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)2
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)2
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)2
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)2
Triglops murrayi (Moustache sculpin)2
Trisopterus capelanus (Poor cod)6
Uria aalge (Common Murre)2
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)5
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)2
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)3

Predators

Aethia psittacula (Parakeet Auklet)[3]
Aethia pusilla (Least Auklet)[3]
Alle alle (Little Auk)[3]
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)[3]
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[13]
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)[3]
Anarhichas minor (Spotted wolf-fish)[3]
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)[14]
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)[3]
Brachyramphus brevirostris (Kittlitz's Murrelet)[3]
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)[3]
Brachyramphus perdix (Long-billed Murrelet)[3]
Brosme brosme (Tusk)[3]
Cepphus carbo (Spectacled Guillemot)[3]
Cepphus columba (Pigeon Guillemot)[3]
Chelidonichthys lucerna (Sapphirine gurnard)[3]
Chroicocephalus saundersi (Saunders's Gull)[3]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[3]
Cystophora cristata (Hooded Seal)[3]
Delphinapterus leucas (Beluga)[3]
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)[13]
Eledone cirrhosa (Curled octopus)[3]
Erignathus barbatus (Bearded Seal)[3]
Eudyptes pachyrhynchus (Fiordland Penguin)[3]
Eudyptes robustus (Snares Penguin)[3]
Eudyptes sclateri (Erect-crested Penguin)[3]
Eudyptula minor (Fairy Penguin)[3]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[3]
Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)[3]
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)[3]
Fratercula corniculata (Horned Puffin)[3]
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)[3]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[4]
Galeorhinus galeus (Vitamin shark)[3]
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)[15]
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)[16]
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)[4]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[3]
Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Halibut)[3]
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)[4]
Hydroprogne caspia (Caspian Tern)[3]
Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus (Great Black-headed Gull)[3]
Ichthyaetus relictus (Relict Gull)[3]
Illex illecebrosus (northern shortfin squid)[17]
Lagenorhynchus acutus (Atlantic White-sided Dolphin)[3]
Lagenorhynchus albirostris (White-beaked Dolphin)[18]
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)[19]
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)[20]
Larus canus (Mew Gull)[3]
Larus hyperboreus (Glaucous Gull)[3]
Larus marinus (Great Black-backed Gull)[3]
Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis (whiff)[3]
Lophius piscatorius (Monkfish)[3]
Megadyptes antipodes (Yellow-eyed Penguin)[3]
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)[3]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[3]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[3]
Microcarbo coronatus (Crowned Cormorant)[3]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[3]
Molva molva (Ling)[3]
Morus bassanus (Northern Gannet)[3]
Morus serrator (Australasian Gannet)[3]
Myxine glutinosa (Atlantic hagfish)[3]
Onychoprion aleuticus (Aleutian Tern)[3]
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[3]
Pagophila eburnea (Ivory Gull)[3]
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)[21]
Petromyzon marinus (Eel sucker)[3]
Phalacrocorax aristotelis (Shag)[22]
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)[3]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[23]
Phalacrocorax pelagicus (Pelagic Cormorant)[3]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[24]
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)[3]
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)[3]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[3]
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)[25]
Pseudorca crassidens (False Killer Whale)[26]
Pusa hispida (Ringed Seal)[3]
Raja brachyura (Blond ray)[3]
Rajella fyllae (Round ray)[13]
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)[3]
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)[3]
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)[3]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[3]
Scophthalmus maximus (Turbot)[3]
Scophthalmus rhombus (Flounder)[3]
Scyliorhinus stellaris (Rigg)[3]
Sebastes mentella (Redfish)[3]
Sebastes norvegicus (Golden redfish)[3]
Somniosus microcephalus (gray shark)[3]
Spheniscus magellanicus (Magellanic Penguin)[3]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[3]
Stercorarius parasiticus (Parasitic Jaeger)[3]
Sterna forsteri (Forster's Tern)[3]
Sterna hirundo (Common Tern)[3]
Sternula albifrons (Little Tern)[3]
Sternula antillarum (Least Tern)[3]
Synthliboramphus antiquus (Ancient Murrelet)[3]
Synthliboramphus wumizusume (Japanese Murrelet)[3]
Thalassarche cauta (Shy Albatross)[3]
Thalassarche eremita (Chatham Albatross)[3]
Thalassarche melanophris (Black-browed Albatross)[3]
Thalassarche salvini (Salvin's Albatross)[3]
Thalasseus bernsteini (Chinese Crested Tern)[3]
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)[3]
Todarodes sagittatus (European flying squid)[9]
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)[3]
Uria aalge (Common Murre)[27]
Uria lomvia (Thick-billed Murre)[3]
Xema sabini (Sabine's Gull)[3]

Providers

Mutual (symbiont) 
Cryptocotyle jejuna[3]
Cryptocotyle lingua[3]
Profilicollis botulus[3]
Sacculina carcini[3]
Parasite of 
Cryptocotyle jejuna[3]
Cryptocotyle lingua[3]
Podocotyle atomon[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Abothrium gadi[28]
Acanthocephalus clavula[28]
Acanthocephalus lucii[28]
Agamonema commune <Unverified Name>[28]
Anisakis salaris <Unverified Name>[28]
Anisakis simplex[28]
Ascaris capsularia <Unverified Name>[28]
Ascarophis arctica <Unverified Name>[28]
Ascarophis crassicollis <Unverified Name>[28]
Ascarophis extalicola <Unverified Name>[28]
Ascarophis filiformis <Unverified Name>[28]
Ascarophis japonicus <Unverified Name>[28]
Ascarophis longispicula <Unverified Name>[28]
Ascarophis morhua <Unverified Name>[28]
Ascarophis morrhuae <Unverified Name>[28]
Bothriocephalus rugosus <Unverified Name>[28]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[28]
Brachyphallus crenatus[28]
Bucephaloides arcuatus <Unverified Name>[28]
Bucephaloides gracilescens <Unverified Name>[28]
Capillaria gracilis <Unverified Name>[28]
Ceratobothrium xanthocephalum[28]
Contracaecum aduncum[28]
Contracaecum osculatum[28]
Contracaecum septentrionale <Unverified Name>[28]
Corynosoma semerme[28]
Corynosoma strumosum[28]
Corynosoma wegeneri[28]
Cosmocephalus larvae <Unverified Name>[28]
Cryptocotyle lingua[28]
Cucullanus cirratus <Unverified Name>[28]
Cucullanus heterochrous <Unverified Name>[28]
Cystidicola farionis <Unverified Name>[28]
Cystidicoloides uniseriata <Unverified Name>[28]
Derogenes varicus[28]
Diclidophora morrhuae[28]
Digramma alternans <Unverified Name>[28]
Diphyllobothrium plerocercoid <Unverified Name>[28]
Diplocotyle olrikii[28]
Diplostomum spathaceum[28]
Echinorhynchus gadi[28]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[28]
Gonocerca macroformis <Unverified Name>[28]
Gonocerca phycidis[28]
Grillotia erinaceus[28]
Gyrodactylus aeglefini[28]
Gyrodactylus arcuatus[28]
Gyrodactylus callariatis[28]
Gyrodactylus cryptarum[28]
Gyrodactylus emembranatus[28]
Gyrodactylus marinus[28]
Gyrodactylus pharyngicus[28]
Gyrodactylus pterygialis[28]
Hemiurus communis[28]
Hemiurus levinseni[28]
Hemiurus luehei[28]
Hepatoxylon trichiuri[28]
Himasthla elongata[28]
Hysterothylacium auctum <Unverified Name>[28]
Hysterothylacium clavatum <Unverified Name>[28]
Hysterothylacium gadi <Unverified Name>[28]
Hysterothylacium habena <Unverified Name>[28]
Hysterothylacium rigidum <Unverified Name>[28]
Lacistorhynchus tenuis[28]
Lecithaster gibbosus[28]
Lecithochirium rufoviride[28]
Lecithocladium excisum[28]
Lepidapedon elongatum[28]
Lepidapedon gadi[28]
Lepidapedon microcotyleum <Unverified Name>[28]
Lepidapedon rachion[28]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[28]
Neophasis burti[28]
Neophasis oculatus[28]
Nybelinia surmenicola[28]
Opechona bacillaris[28]
Parabothrium gadipollachi <Unverified Name>[28]
Phyllobothrium loliginus <Unverified Name>[28]
Podocotyle angulata[28]
Podocotyle atomon[28]
Podocotyle reflexa[28]
Podocotyle staffordi[28]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[28]
Pomphorhynchus tereticollis[28]
Progonus muelleri[28]
Prosorhynchoides gracilescens[28]
Prosorhynchus crucibulum[28]
Prosorhynchus squamatus[28]
Pseudoterranova azarasi <Unverified Name>[28]
Pseudoterranova bulbosa <Unverified Name>[28]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[28]
Pyramicocephalus phocarum[28]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[28]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[28]
Scolex polymorphus <Unverified Name>[28]
Spathebothrium simplex[28]
Steganoderma formosum[28]
Stenakron vetustum[28]
Stenocollum fragile <Unverified Name>[28]
Stephanostomum baccatum[28]
Stephanostomum caducum[28]
Stephanostomum pristis[28]
Steringophorus furciger[28]
Synaptobothrium caudiporum[28]
Tentacularia coryphaenae[28]
Tetraonchus monenteron[28]
Udonella caligorum[28]
Udonella murmanica[28]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium du Quebec
Artis Zoo
Biodome de Montreal
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Oceanario de Lisboa
Oresundsakvariet (Oresund Aquarium)
Universeum Science Center
Zoo am Meer Bremerhaven GmbH

Distribution

Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Baffin Bay; Baltic Sea; Barents Sea; Belgium; Canada; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Channel Islands; China; Denmark; East Greenland Shelf/Sea; Estonia; Faeroe Islands; Faroe Plateau; Finland; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greenland; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Isle of Man; Latvia; Lithuania; Netherlands; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; North Sea; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Northwest to Northeast Atlantic: Cape Hatteras to Ungava Bay along the North American coast; east and west coast of Greenland; around Iceland; coasts of Europe from the Bay of Biscay to the Barents Sea, including the region around Bear Island.; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Penobscot Bay; Poland; Russian Federation; Scotian Shelf; Svalbard and Jan Mayen; Sweden; Turkey; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom; West Greenland Shelf;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000) 5Physiological energetics of Buccinum undatum L. (Gastropoda) off Douglas, Isle of Man (the Irish Sea), Ahmet E. KIDEYŞ, Tr. J. of Zoology 22 (1998) 49-61 6Energy flow of a boreal intertidal ecosystem, the Sylt-Rømø Bight, Dan Baird, Harald Asmus, Ragnhild Asmus, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 279: 45–61, 2004 7PRELIMINARY REPORT FROM A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE DIET OF FOUR GADOID FISHES IN A FJORD OF WESTERN NORWAY, A.G. Vea Salvanes, International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, C.M. 1986/G: 71, Demersal Fish Committee 8Feeding Habits of Fish Species Distributed on the Grand Bank, Concepción González1, Xabier Paz, Esther Román, and María Hermida, NAFO SCR Doc. 06/31, Serial No. N5251 (2006) 9CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 10The mysid-feeding guild of demersal fishes in the brackish zone of the Westerschelde estuary, K. Hostens and J. Mees, Journal of Fish Biology (1999) 55, 704-719 11Trophic ecology of blue whiting in the Barents Sea, Andrey V. Dolgov, Edda Johannesen, Mikko Heino, and Erik Olsen, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 67: 483–493 12Predators of Sea Anemones, J. R. Ottaway, Tuatara: Volume 22, Issue 3, February 1977, pp. 213 - 220 13Feeding and Food Consumption by the Barents Sea Skates, A.V. Dolgov, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 35: 495–503 14Diet of minke whales Balaenoptera acutorostrata in Scottish (UK) waters with notes on strandings of this species in Scotland 1992-2002, G.J. Pierce, M.B. Santos, R.J. Reid, I.A.P. Patterson and H.M. Ross, J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. (2004), 84, 1241-1244 15STOMACH CONTENTS OF LONG-FINNED PILOT WHALES (GLOBICEPHALA MELAS) STRANDED ON THE U.S. MID-ATLANTIC COAST, Damon P. Gannon, Andrew J. Read, James E. Craddock, James G. Mead, MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE, 13(3):405-418 (July 1997) 16Offshore diet of grey seals Halichoerus grypus near Sable Island, Canada, W. D. Bowen, G . D. Harrison, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 112: 1-11, 1994 17Fish prey spectrum of short-finned squid (Illex illecebrosus) at Newfoundland, Earl G. Dawe, Edgar L. Dalley, and Wayne W. Lidster, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 54(Suppl. 1): 200–208 (1997). 18Seasonal distribution of white-beaked dolphins (Lagenorhynchus albirostris) in UK waters with new information on diet and habitat use, Sarah J. Canning, M. Begoña Santos, Robert J. Reid, Peter G.H. Evans, Richard C. Sabin, Nick Bailey and Graham J. Pierce, Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 2008, 88(6), 1159–1166 19Analysis of stomach contents of the porbeagle shark (Lamna nasus Bonnaterre) in the northwest Atlantic, W. N. Joyce, S. E. Campana, L. J. Natanson, N. E. Kohler, H. L. Pratt Jr, and C. F. Jensen, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59: 1263–1269. 2002 20Diets of adult and chick Herring Gulls Larus argentatus argenteus on Ailsa Craig, south-west Scotland., M. Nogales, B. Zonfrillo and P. Monaghan, SEABIRD 17: 56-63 21Diet of Harp Seals (Phoca groenlandica) in Divisions 2J and 3KL During 1991–93, J. W. Lawson, G. B. Stenson and D. G. McKinnon, NAFO Sci. Coun. Studies, 21: 143–154 (1994) 22Feeding ecology of sympatric European shags Phalacrocorax aristotelis and great cormorants P. carbo in Iceland, Kristjan Lilliendahl, Jon Solmundsson, Marine Biology (2006) 149: 979–990 23Annual Variation in Diet of Breeding Great Cormorants: Does it Reflect Varying Recruitment of Gadoids?, SVEIN-HÅKON LORENTSEN, DAVID GRÉMILLET AND GEIR HÅVARD NYMOEN, Waterbirds 27(2): 161-169, 2004 24The harbour seal Phoca vitulina as a predator in the Skagerrak. Haerkoenen, T | Heide-Joergensen, M-P, Ophelia. Vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 191-207 1991 25A Quantitative Assessment of the Diet of the Blue Shark (Prionace glauca) off Nova Scotia, Canada, Meaghen E. McCord and Steven E. Campana, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 32: 57-63 26Pseudorca crassidens, Pam J. Stacey, Stephen Leatherwood, and Robin W. Baird, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 456, pp. 1-6 (1994) 27Seasonal and geographical variations in the diet of Common Guillemots Uria aalge off western Scotland, D J Halley, N. Harrison, A. Webb and D.R. Thompson, SEABIRD 17: 12-20 28Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access