Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Gadiformes > Gadidae > Gadus > Gadus morhua
 

Gadus morhua (rock cod; Winter fish; West indian; West india; Trap fish; Trap cod; Tom-cod; Thirds; Tally fish; Swallow tail; Swallow; Summer fish; Summer cod-fish; Strip; Straits fish; Stockfish; Split; Spanish fish; Soft cured; Soft cure; Soaker; Snubby; Snub; Snig; Refuse fish; Red-cod; Puerto rico fish; Poor john; Pink fish; Pea; Old soaker; Northern cod; Newfoundland fish; Mud fish; Mother fish; Merchantable; Madeira; Logy fish; Loader; Leggy; Lap tail; Laggy; Lady day fish; Labrador cure; Labrador fish; Klippfish; Klipfish; Kil'din cod; Jigger fish; Jersey fish; Italian; Inshore cod; Hen; Heavy salted; Heavy salt; Heavy fish; Hard-dry; Hard cure; Harbour tom-cod; Half-saved; Haberdine; Grog fish; Green fish; Gaspé cure; Full pickle fish; Full cured fish; Foxy tom-cod; Foots; Floaters fish; Floater fish; Fish ball; Fish dumpling; Fish; Fall fish; Fall cure; Eating fish; Dun fish; Dumb fish; Dum fish; Duffy; Dry fish; Cut-tail; Corre fish; Codling; Core fish; Codfish brick; Cod-fish; Codde; Codd; Cod; Christmas fish; Bull dog; Broken fish; Breeder; Brazil fish; BlackBerry fish; Bim fish; Berry fish; Bastard; Bank fish; Bank cod; Baccale; Baccalo; Baccalao; Bacaleau; Bacalao; Atlantic cod; Slop; Shore labrador; Shore fish; Shore cod; Shoal fish; Shoal cod; Semi-dry; Seal-head cod; Scrod; Screwed fish; Scrawd; Scraud; Scrad; Schrod; Saltfish; Salt-bulk; Salt fish; Rounder)

Synonyms: Asellus major; Gadus arenosus; Gadus callarias; Gadus callarias hiemalis; Gadus callarias kildinensis; Gadus heteroglossus; Gadus morhua callarias; Gadus morhua kildinensis; Gadus morhua morhua; Gadus morrhua; Gadus nanus; Gadus rupestris; Gadus vertagus; Morhua punctatus; Morhua vulgaris; Morrhua americana; Morrhua vulgaris
Language: Catalan; Danish; Dutch; Estonian; Faroese; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Greenlandic; Icelandic; Inuktitut; Italian; Japanese; Latvian; Lithuanian; Mandarin Chinese; Manx; mona; Norwegian; Other; Polish; Portuguese; Prussian, Old; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is a well-known benthopelagic fish of the family Gadidae, widely consumed by humans. It is also commercially known as cod or codling.
View Wikipedia Record: Gadus morhua

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  116.40 lbs (52.80 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 2 months
Male Maturity [1]  2 years 1 month
Maximum Longevity [1]  25 years
Migration [2]  Oceanodromous

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    
Norwegian Sea Drainages Norway, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Firth of Lorn 51830 Scotland, United Kingdom
Flamborough Head 15597 England, United Kingdom  
Isle of May 882 Scotland, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Loch Creran 3030 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Loch Laxford 3018 Scotland, United Kingdom
Loch nam Madadh 5734 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lochs Duich, Long and Alsh Reefs 5883 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Margate and Long Sands 160406 England, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Mousa 1311 Scotland, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
The Broads 14554 England, United Kingdom  
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  

Ecosystems

Emblem of

Massachusetts

Prey / Diet

Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)[3]
Buccinum humphreysianum (Whelk)[4]
Cancer borealis (Jonah crab)[3]
Cancer plebejus (Atlantic rock crab)[3]
Carcinus maenas (green crab)[5]
Centrolabrus exoletus (smallmouthed wrasse)[6]
Chionoecetes opilio (snow crab)[7]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[5]
Eledone cirrhosa (Curled octopus)[8]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[3]
Galathea intermedia[6]
Gastrosaccus spinifer[9]
Gobiusculus flavescens (Two-spotted goby)[6]
Gonatus fabricii (boreoatlantic armhook squid)[8]
Hippolyte varians[6]
Idotea neglecta[6]
Illex illecebrosus (northern shortfin squid)[3]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[7]
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)[3]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[10]
Muusoctopus normani[8]
Pandalus borealis (northern shrimp)[7]
Peachia hastata[11]
Pholis gunnellus (Tissy)[6]
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)[6]
Praunus flexuosus (chameleon shrimp)[6]
Praunus inermis[6]
Praunus neglectus[6]
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)[3]
Rossia moelleri[8]
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)[3]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[3]
Todarodes sagittatus (European flying squid)[8]
Zoarces americanus (Ocean pout)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alopias vulpinus (Zorro thresher shark)2
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)3
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)5
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)4
Anarhichas minor (Spotted wolf-fish)2
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)2
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)3
Centroscyllium fabricii (Black dogfish)2
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)2
Ctenolabrus rupestris (Rock cook)3
Deania calcea (Thompsons shark)2
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)2
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)2
Dipturus laevis (Barndoor skate)2
Erignathus barbatus (Bearded Seal)2
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)2
Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)2
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)2
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)3
Galeus melastomus (Black-mouth catshark)2
Gobius niger (Black goby)2
Grampus griseus (Risso's Dolphin)3
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)3
Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling)2
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)2
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)2
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)4
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)7
Lagenorhynchus albirostris (White-beaked Dolphin)2
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)4
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)3
Larus marinus (Great Black-backed Gull)2
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)3
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)2
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)3
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)3
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)4
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)5
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)6
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)4
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)2
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)2
Myoxocephalus scorpius (Short-spined sea scorpion)2
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)2
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)2
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)2
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)3
Platichthys flesus (North Atlantic flounder)2
Pleuronectes quadrituberculatus (Alaska plaice)2
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)4
Pollachius virens (Sillock)8
Pomatoschistus microps (Common goby)3
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)2
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)2
Raja brachyura (Blond ray)3
Raja clavata (Roker)4
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)2
Rajella fyllae (Round ray)2
Rajella lintea (Sharp-nosed skate)2
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)5
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)2
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)2
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)2
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)2
Triglops murrayi (Moustache sculpin)2
Trisopterus capelanus (Poor cod)6
Uria aalge (Common Murre)2
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)5
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)2
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)3

Predators

Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[12]
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)[13]
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)[12]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[3]
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)[14]
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)[15]
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)[3]
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)[3]
Illex illecebrosus (northern shortfin squid)[16]
Lagenorhynchus albirostris (White-beaked Dolphin)[17]
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)[18]
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)[19]
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)[20]
Phalacrocorax aristotelis (Shag)[21]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[22]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[23]
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)[24]
Pseudorca crassidens (False Killer Whale)[25]
Rajella fyllae (Round ray)[12]
Todarodes sagittatus (European flying squid)[8]
Uria aalge (Common Murre)[26]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Abothrium gadi[27]
Acanthocephalus clavula[27]
Acanthocephalus lucii[27]
Agamonema commune <Unverified Name>[27]
Anisakis salaris <Unverified Name>[27]
Anisakis simplex[27]
Ascaris capsularia <Unverified Name>[27]
Ascarophis arctica <Unverified Name>[27]
Ascarophis crassicollis <Unverified Name>[27]
Ascarophis extalicola <Unverified Name>[27]
Ascarophis filiformis <Unverified Name>[27]
Ascarophis japonicus <Unverified Name>[27]
Ascarophis longispicula <Unverified Name>[27]
Ascarophis morhua <Unverified Name>[27]
Ascarophis morrhuae <Unverified Name>[27]
Bothriocephalus rugosus <Unverified Name>[27]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[27]
Brachyphallus crenatus[27]
Bucephaloides arcuatus <Unverified Name>[27]
Bucephaloides gracilescens <Unverified Name>[27]
Capillaria gracilis <Unverified Name>[27]
Ceratobothrium xanthocephalum[27]
Contracaecum aduncum[27]
Contracaecum osculatum[27]
Contracaecum septentrionale <Unverified Name>[27]
Corynosoma semerme[27]
Corynosoma strumosum[27]
Corynosoma wegeneri[27]
Cosmocephalus larvae <Unverified Name>[27]
Cryptocotyle lingua[27]
Cucullanus cirratus <Unverified Name>[27]
Cucullanus heterochrous <Unverified Name>[27]
Cystidicola farionis <Unverified Name>[27]
Cystidicoloides uniseriata <Unverified Name>[27]
Derogenes varicus[27]
Diclidophora morrhuae[27]
Digramma alternans <Unverified Name>[27]
Diphyllobothrium plerocercoid <Unverified Name>[27]
Diplocotyle olrikii[27]
Diplostomum spathaceum[27]
Echinorhynchus gadi[27]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[27]
Gonocerca macroformis <Unverified Name>[27]
Gonocerca phycidis[27]
Grillotia erinaceus[27]
Gyrodactylus aeglefini[27]
Gyrodactylus arcuatus[27]
Gyrodactylus callariatis[27]
Gyrodactylus cryptarum[27]
Gyrodactylus emembranatus[27]
Gyrodactylus marinus[27]
Gyrodactylus pharyngicus[27]
Gyrodactylus pterygialis[27]
Hemiurus communis[27]
Hemiurus levinseni[27]
Hemiurus luehei[27]
Hepatoxylon trichiuri[27]
Himasthla elongata[27]
Hysterothylacium auctum <Unverified Name>[27]
Hysterothylacium clavatum <Unverified Name>[27]
Hysterothylacium gadi <Unverified Name>[27]
Hysterothylacium habena <Unverified Name>[27]
Hysterothylacium rigidum <Unverified Name>[27]
Lacistorhynchus tenuis[27]
Lecithaster gibbosus[27]
Lecithochirium rufoviride[27]
Lecithocladium excisum[27]
Lepidapedon elongatum[27]
Lepidapedon gadi[27]
Lepidapedon microcotyleum <Unverified Name>[27]
Lepidapedon rachion[27]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[27]
Neophasis burti[27]
Neophasis oculatus[27]
Nybelinia surmenicola[27]
Opechona bacillaris[27]
Parabothrium gadipollachi <Unverified Name>[27]
Phyllobothrium loliginus <Unverified Name>[27]
Podocotyle angulata[27]
Podocotyle atomon[27]
Podocotyle reflexa[27]
Podocotyle staffordi[27]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[27]
Pomphorhynchus tereticollis[27]
Progonus muelleri[27]
Prosorhynchoides gracilescens[27]
Prosorhynchus crucibulum[27]
Prosorhynchus squamatus[27]
Pseudoterranova azarasi <Unverified Name>[27]
Pseudoterranova bulbosa <Unverified Name>[27]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[27]
Pyramicocephalus phocarum[27]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[27]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[27]
Scolex polymorphus <Unverified Name>[27]
Spathebothrium simplex[27]
Steganoderma formosum[27]
Stenakron vetustum[27]
Stenocollum fragile <Unverified Name>[27]
Stephanostomum baccatum[27]
Stephanostomum caducum[27]
Stephanostomum pristis[27]
Steringophorus furciger[27]
Synaptobothrium caudiporum[27]
Tentacularia coryphaenae[27]
Tetraonchus monenteron[27]
Udonella caligorum[27]
Udonella murmanica[27]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium du Quebec
Artis Zoo
Biodome de Montreal
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Oceanario de Lisboa
Oresundsakvariet (Oresund Aquarium)
Universeum Science Center
Zoo am Meer Bremerhaven GmbH

Distribution

Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Baffin Bay; Baltic Sea; Barents Sea; Belgium; Canada; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Channel Islands; China; Denmark; East Greenland Shelf/Sea; Estonia; Faeroe Islands; Faroe Plateau; Finland; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greenland; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Isle of Man; Latvia; Lithuania; Netherlands; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; North Sea; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Northwest to Northeast Atlantic: Cape Hatteras to Ungava Bay along the North American coast; east and west coast of Greenland; around Iceland; coasts of Europe from the Bay of Biscay to the Barents Sea, including the region around Bear Island.; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Penobscot Bay; Poland; Russian Federation; Scotian Shelf; Svalbard and Jan Mayen; Sweden; Turkey; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom; West Greenland Shelf;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 3Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000) 4Physiological energetics of Buccinum undatum L. (Gastropoda) off Douglas, Isle of Man (the Irish Sea), Ahmet E. KIDEYŞ, Tr. J. of Zoology 22 (1998) 49-61 5Energy flow of a boreal intertidal ecosystem, the Sylt-Rømø Bight, Dan Baird, Harald Asmus, Ragnhild Asmus, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 279: 45–61, 2004 6PRELIMINARY REPORT FROM A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE DIET OF FOUR GADOID FISHES IN A FJORD OF WESTERN NORWAY, A.G. Vea Salvanes, International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, C.M. 1986/G: 71, Demersal Fish Committee 7Feeding Habits of Fish Species Distributed on the Grand Bank, Concepción González1, Xabier Paz, Esther Román, and María Hermida, NAFO SCR Doc. 06/31, Serial No. N5251 (2006) 8CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 9The mysid-feeding guild of demersal fishes in the brackish zone of the Westerschelde estuary, K. Hostens and J. Mees, Journal of Fish Biology (1999) 55, 704-719 10Trophic ecology of blue whiting in the Barents Sea, Andrey V. Dolgov, Edda Johannesen, Mikko Heino, and Erik Olsen, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 67: 483–493 11Predators of Sea Anemones, J. R. Ottaway, Tuatara: Volume 22, Issue 3, February 1977, pp. 213 - 220 12Feeding and Food Consumption by the Barents Sea Skates, A.V. Dolgov, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 35: 495–503 13Diet of minke whales Balaenoptera acutorostrata in Scottish (UK) waters with notes on strandings of this species in Scotland 1992-2002, G.J. Pierce, M.B. Santos, R.J. Reid, I.A.P. Patterson and H.M. Ross, J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. (2004), 84, 1241-1244 14STOMACH CONTENTS OF LONG-FINNED PILOT WHALES (GLOBICEPHALA MELAS) STRANDED ON THE U.S. MID-ATLANTIC COAST, Damon P. Gannon, Andrew J. Read, James E. Craddock, James G. Mead, MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE, 13(3):405-418 (July 1997) 15Offshore diet of grey seals Halichoerus grypus near Sable Island, Canada, W. D. Bowen, G . D. Harrison, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 112: 1-11, 1994 16Fish prey spectrum of short-finned squid (Illex illecebrosus) at Newfoundland, Earl G. Dawe, Edgar L. Dalley, and Wayne W. Lidster, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 54(Suppl. 1): 200–208 (1997). 17Seasonal distribution of white-beaked dolphins (Lagenorhynchus albirostris) in UK waters with new information on diet and habitat use, Sarah J. Canning, M. Begoña Santos, Robert J. Reid, Peter G.H. Evans, Richard C. Sabin, Nick Bailey and Graham J. Pierce, Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 2008, 88(6), 1159–1166 18Analysis of stomach contents of the porbeagle shark (Lamna nasus Bonnaterre) in the northwest Atlantic, W. N. Joyce, S. E. Campana, L. J. Natanson, N. E. Kohler, H. L. Pratt Jr, and C. F. Jensen, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59: 1263–1269. 2002 19Diets of adult and chick Herring Gulls Larus argentatus argenteus on Ailsa Craig, south-west Scotland., M. Nogales, B. Zonfrillo and P. Monaghan, SEABIRD 17: 56-63 20Diet of Harp Seals (Phoca groenlandica) in Divisions 2J and 3KL During 1991–93, J. W. Lawson, G. B. Stenson and D. G. McKinnon, NAFO Sci. Coun. Studies, 21: 143–154 (1994) 21Feeding ecology of sympatric European shags Phalacrocorax aristotelis and great cormorants P. carbo in Iceland, Kristjan Lilliendahl, Jon Solmundsson, Marine Biology (2006) 149: 979–990 22Annual Variation in Diet of Breeding Great Cormorants: Does it Reflect Varying Recruitment of Gadoids?, SVEIN-HÅKON LORENTSEN, DAVID GRÉMILLET AND GEIR HÅVARD NYMOEN, Waterbirds 27(2): 161-169, 2004 23The harbour seal Phoca vitulina as a predator in the Skagerrak. Haerkoenen, T | Heide-Joergensen, M-P, Ophelia. Vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 191-207 1991 24A Quantitative Assessment of the Diet of the Blue Shark (Prionace glauca) off Nova Scotia, Canada, Meaghen E. McCord and Steven E. Campana, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 32: 57-63 25Pseudorca crassidens, Pam J. Stacey, Stephen Leatherwood, and Robin W. Baird, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 456, pp. 1-6 (1994) 26Seasonal and geographical variations in the diet of Common Guillemots Uria aalge off western Scotland, D J Halley, N. Harrison, A. Webb and D.R. Thompson, SEABIRD 17: 12-20 27Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access